Injection modules for registering sensors and inserting observations to an SOS (developed against 52 North)
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SOS Observation Injector

The SOS Observation Injector is a Java toolkit that can be used to enter sensor observations into a deployment of the i52n-sos server.

Applications using this toolkit should provide implementations of StationRetriever and ObservationRetriever that properly construct data objects (SosStation, SosSensor, ObservationCollection, etc) for the targeted sensor provider. Alternatively, ObservationCollections can be constructed and inserted manually.


The only requirements for this project are Java 1.7+ and Maven 3+. All other dependencies are downloaded via Maven.

Maven Projects

To add this project to a Maven project insert the below code into your pom.xml file.

    <name>Axiom Releases</name>

See the Axiom Nexus repository for the latest version available:

Data Classes


The ObservationUpdater has one method called “update”. This method uses all of the SosStations pulled from the StationRetriever to request observations from the ObservationRetriever object. These observations are then used to update the SOS with the use of an ObservationSubmitter object. The ObservationSubmitter object formats and submits the data to the SOS.


The StationRetriever object is used to fetch the SosStations that are needed to update the SOS. The interface for a StationRetriever is a single method called “getStations” which returns a List of SosStations. An example of a StationRetriever is located at com.axiomalaska.sos.cnfaic.CnfaicStationRetriever. From looking at the CnfaicStationRetriever class, we can see that each SosStation is hard-coded and built in this file. This interface would typically be used to pull the station’s data from a database. The SosStations would then be built from this data.


This interface contains a single method called “getObservationCollection” which is passed the following parameters: SosStation, SosSensor, SosPhenomenon, and a start date. With these parameters an ObservationCollection will be returned containing observations newer than the start date. An example of an ObservationRetriever is located at This class pulls the updated real-time observations from the website.


The SosStation interface represents a location which has one or more SosSensors. The following must be provided to this interface: Location, ID, SosSource, feature of interest name, if the station is moving, and a list of Sensors. The Location object stores a latitude and longitude in double format. A requirement for the ID is that when it is combined with the Source ID it needs to be unique. An example of an ID is 11111. The feature of interest description describes where the station is located; for example, this could be the name of the bay the station is in.


The SosSensor contains a collection of SosPhenomenon and an ID. In the “getSensors” method in the com.axiomalaska.sos.cnfaic.CnfaicStationRetriever class there are three example SosSensors: Air Temperature, Relative Humidity, and Wind. An SosSensor can have more than one phenomena. For example, the Wind sensor has three phenomena: Wind Speed, Wind Direction, and Wind Gust. An SosSensor can also have a single phenomenon as seen in the Air Temperature SosSensor.


The SosSource contains information about the owner of a collection of SosStations. View the com.axiomalaska.sos.cnfaic.CnfaicStationRetriever “getStations” method to see an example of an SosSource.


An SosPhenomenon is one specific value type that is read from a sensor. For example, a wind sensor would have three phenomena: Wind speed, Wind direction, and Wind Gust. For an air temperature sensor there would only be one phenomenon, Air Temperature. An SosPhenomenon contains the following: name (e.g. Air Temperature), tag (e.g urn:x-ogc:def:phenomenon:IOOS:0.0.1:air_temperature ), and units (e.g. C). Across all the stations the phenomena must be the same. For example, there cannot exist a phenomenon from one station for air temperature with units of “C” and another with the units of “F”. The spelling must be the same as well; two stations with air temperature phenomenon cannot have units of “C” for one and “Celsius” for the other.


The ObservationCollection class is used to hold the sensor observations that are collected. This object holds three lists: numeric values, dates, and locations. The values, dates, and locations are related by their position in the list. For example, the first items in the three lists are associated to each other, the second items in each list are associated to each other, and so on. The ObservationCollection also contains the SosPhenomenon, SosSensor, and SosStation which these observations are associated to. The “location” list is only used if the associated station is moving; if the station is not moving, the location list is empty.


This class is the core worker for inputting stations, sensors, phenomena, and observations into the SOS. There are two ways to use this class to add observations to the SOS. The first way is to push observations and the second is to pull observations. To push observations, call the method update(ObservationCollection observationCollection, PublisherInfo publisherInfo) with a prebuilt ObservationCollection. This will only add the observations that have not already been added to the SOS. To pull observations call the method

update(List<Station> stations, ObservationRetriever observationRetriever, PublisherInfo publisherInfo)

or the method

update(Station station, ObservationRetriever observationRetriever, PublisherInfo publisherInfo)

These methods take one or more stations and an ObservationRetriever. These methods go through all of the combinations of a station’s sensor and a sensor’s phenomena to pull observations from the ObservationRetriever object which are then placed in the SOS. The “pull observations” method is used by the ObservationUpdater in the provided example.


The PublisherInfo interface contains information about the organization that is hosting the SOS. This includes the organization’s name, country of origin, email address, and web address.