ACF reCAPTCHA is a reCAPTCHA custom field type for Advanced Custom Fields v5, to protect frontend forms from spam by spambots.
Generating API keys
Generate your reCAPTCHA API keys for your domain at the Google reCAPTCHA Dashboard first. You will need to enter the Site Key and Secret Key into the field settings later.
- In the ACF field group edit page, click Add Field to add a new field.
- Find the reCAPTCHA field type under Custom.
- Enter your site key and secret key that was generated previously.
- (optional) Configure the theme, size and type of the reCAPTCHA widget.
- Important: Scroll down to the bottom of the page, and enable ACF reCAPTCHA Protection for the field group.
ACF PHP API
If you are using ACF via the PHP API, this is an example to add a local reCAPTCHA field:
acf_add_local_field(array( 'key' => 'field_recaptcha', 'name' => 'recaptcha', 'type' => 'recaptcha', 'label' => 'Prove your humanity', 'site_key' => 'SOME_VALID_RECAPTCHA_KEY', 'secret_key' => 'SOME_VALID_RECAPTCHA_SITE_SECRET', 're_theme' => 'light', // Other options: 'dark' 're_type' => 'image', // Other options: 'audio' 're_size' => 'normal', // Other options: 'compact' ));
You can also set the reCAPTCHA keys as a WordPress option, which will apply to all reCAPTCHA fields as a site-wide default:
update_option('acf_recaptcha', array( 'site_key' => 'SOME_VALID_RECAPTCHA_KEY', 'secret_key' => 'SOME_VALID_RECAPTCHA_SITE_SECRET', ));
Additionally, you have to set a
recaptcha flag on the form or field group where you are using the field, to enable ACF reCAPTCHA Protection.
ACF reCAPTCHA Protection
What exactly is ACF reCAPTCHA Protection?
Prior to v1.2.0, ACF reCAPTCHA performs validation for null or invalid reCAPTCHA response values, and prevents forms from being submitted if reCAPTCHA is not fulfilled.
However, ACF v5 does not check whether all form fields marked as
required are present in
$_POST during validation (at
acf/validate_save_post). Hence, spambots can easily omit the field key for the reCAPTCHA field when making a POST request, essentially bypassing the reCAPTCHA check with ease.
Unfortunately, this behaviour had existed for two years since I created the plugin in July 2015, and I only discovered it recently, also confirming the issue with Elliot Condon himself (author of ACF). It is now fixed in v1.2.0.
Hence, for forms or field groups with ACF reCAPTCHA Protection switched on, they must fulfil the following criteria:
- The form must have at least one reCAPTCHA field, or at least one field group with a reCAPTCHA field
- All reCAPTCHA fields submitted must be validated (using Google's reCAPTCHA server-side API)
Therefore, this can ensure that reCAPTCHAs cannot be bypassed in the previous manner.
Note that if a frontend form has no reCAPTCHA fields but has ACF reCAPTCHA Protection turned on, the frontend form cannot be submitted. This is because there is no way to tell apart whether a field was removed from
$_POST or did not exist in the first place, due to the design of ACF.
Field group setting
For field groups created using the ACF interface in
wp-admin, simply turning on the ACF reCAPTCHA Protection toggle would be sufficient.
Note: This will not work with field groups added to frontend forms which use a combination of Location Rules and
acf_form() (without any arguments). Field group ID or key has to be explicitly specified in
Alternatively, you can use the
recaptcha flag in both forms and field groups. As long as a form contains the flag or contains a field group with the flag, the whole form will be considered to have the flag.
acf_form(array( 'fields' => array( 'field_recaptcha', 'field_myfield1', ... ), 'recaptcha' => true // <== SET THIS FLAG ));
acf_add_local_field_group(array( 'key' => 'group_my_field_group', 'fields' => array( array( 'key' => 'field_recaptcha', 'name' => 'recaptcha', 'type' => 'recaptcha', ... ) ), 'recaptcha' => true // <== SET THIS FLAG ));
acf_register_form(array( 'id' => 'acf-registered-recaptcha-form', 'field_groups' => array('group_my_field_group'), 'recaptcha' => true // <== SET THIS FLAG ));
Written and maintained by Irvin Lim.
If you encounter any issues, do open one.