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A GraphQL client for React using modern context and hooks APIs that is lightweight (< 4 kB) but powerful; the first Relay and Apollo alternative with server side rendering.

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graphql-react

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A GraphQL client for React using modern context and hooks APIs that’s lightweight (< 4 kB) but powerful; the first Relay and Apollo alternative with server side rendering.

The exports can also be used to custom load, cache and server side render any data, even from non-GraphQL sources.

Installation

First, polyfill any required globals (see Requirements) that are missing in your server and client environments.

Next.js setup

See the next-graphql-react setup instructions.

Custom React setup

To install with npm, run:

npm install graphql-react

Create a single Cache instance and use the Provider component to provide it for your app.

To server side render your app, use the waterfallRender function from react-waterfall-render.

Examples

Here is a basic example using the GitHub GraphQL API, with tips commented:

import useAutoLoad from "graphql-react/useAutoLoad.mjs";
import useCacheEntry from "graphql-react/useCacheEntry.mjs";
import useLoadGraphQL from "graphql-react/useLoadGraphQL.mjs";
import useWaterfallLoad from "graphql-react/useWaterfallLoad.mjs";
import React from "react";

// The query is just a string; no need to use `gql` from `graphql-tag`. The
// special comment before the string allows editor syntax highlighting, Prettier
// formatting and linting. The cache system doesn’t require `__typename` or `id`
// fields to be queried.
const query = /* GraphQL */ `
  query ($repoId: ID!) {
    repo: node(id: $repoId) {
      ... on Repository {
        stargazers {
          totalCount
        }
      }
    }
  }
`;

export default function GitHubRepoStars({ repoId }) {
  const cacheKey = `GitHubRepoStars-${repoId}`;
  const cacheValue = useCacheEntry(cacheKey);

  // A hook for loading GraphQL is available, but custom hooks for loading non
  // GraphQL (e.g. fetching from a REST API) can be made.
  const loadGraphQL = useLoadGraphQL();

  const load = React.useCallback(
    () =>
      // To be DRY, utilize a custom hook for each API your app loads from, e.g.
      // `useLoadGraphQLGitHub`.
      loadGraphQL(
        cacheKey,
        // Fetch URI.
        "https://api.github.com/graphql",
        // Fetch options.
        {
          method: "POST",
          headers: {
            "Content-Type": "application/json",
            Accept: "application/json",
            Authorization: `Bearer ${process.env.GITHUB_ACCESS_TOKEN}`,
          },
          body: JSON.stringify({
            query,
            variables: {
              repoId,
            },
          }),
        }
      ),
    [cacheKey, loadGraphQL, repoId]
  );

  // This hook automatically keeps the cache entry loaded from when the
  // component mounts, reloading it if it’s staled or deleted. It also aborts
  // loading if the arguments change or the component unmounts; very handy for
  // auto-suggest components!
  useAutoLoad(cacheKey, load);

  // Waterfall loading can be used to load data when server side rendering,
  // enabled automagically by `next-graphql-react`. To learn how this works or
  // to set it up for a non-Next.js app, see:
  // https://github.com/jaydenseric/react-waterfall-render
  const isWaterfallLoading = useWaterfallLoad(cacheKey, load);

  // When waterfall loading it’s efficient to skip rendering, as the app will
  // re-render once this step of the waterfall has loaded. If more waterfall
  // loading happens in children, those steps of the waterfall are awaited and
  // the app re-renders again, and so forth until there’s no more loading for
  // the final server side render.
  return isWaterfallLoading
    ? null
    : cacheValue
    ? cacheValue.errors
      ? // Unlike many other GraphQL libraries, detailed loading errors are
        // cached and can be server side rendered without causing a
        // server/client HTML mismatch error.
        "Error!"
      : cacheValue.data.repo.stargazers.totalCount
    : // In this situation no cache value implies loading. Use the
      // `useLoadingEntry` hook to manage loading in detail.
      "Loading…";
}

Requirements

  • Node.js: ^14.17.0 || ^16.0.0 || >= 18.0.0
  • Browsers: > 0.5%, not OperaMini all, not IE > 0, not dead

Consider polyfilling:

Exports

These ECMAScript modules are published to npm and exported via the package.json exports field:

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A GraphQL client for React using modern context and hooks APIs that is lightweight (< 4 kB) but powerful; the first Relay and Apollo alternative with server side rendering.

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