PacVim is a game that teaches you vim commands. You must move pacman (the green cursor) to highlight each word on the gameboard while avoiding the ghosts (in red).
Building and running
Vim is a great tool to write and edit code, but many people, including me, struggled with the steep learning curve. I did not find a fun, free way to learn about the vim commands in-depth, and thus, PacVim was born. Inspired by the the classic, PacMan, PacVim is a game that'll give anyone plenty of practice with the vim commands while being a ton of fun to play.
Download and build the game with:
Mac OS X
brew install pacvim
Linux (and Mac OS X alternative)
Download and install Curses (graphics library)
-> For Ubuntu (in terminal):
sudo apt-get install libncurses5-dev
-> OR This tutorial may help (have not confirmed)
-> OR build from source: Curses source files
-> Mac OS X should come with Curses installed, so skip this step.
2. git clone https://github.com/jmoon018/PacVim.git 3. cd PacVim 4. [sudo] make install
To play, run (from anywhere):
$ pacvim [LEVEL_NUMER] [MODE]
You may specify the starting level and mode (
h for normal/hard). Default mode is hard:
$ pacvim 8 n
To Uninstall, navigate to the folder where you cloned this repo, and type
Note: this game may not install/compile properly without gcc version 4.8.X or higher
How To Play
The objective of PacVim is very similar to PacMan.
You must run over all the characters on the screen while avoiding the ghosts (red
PacVim has two special obstacles:
You cannot move into the walls (yellow color). You must use vim motions to jump over them.
If you step on a tilde character (cyan
~), you lose!
You are given three lives. You gain a life each time you beat level 0, 3, 6, 9, etc. There are 10 levels, 0 through 9. After beating the 9th level, the game is reset to the 0th level, but the ghosts move faster.
Winning conditions: Use vim commands to move the cursor over the letters and highlight them. After all letters are highlighted, you win and proceed to the next level.
Losing conditions: If you touch a ghost (indicated
by a red
G) or a tilde character, you lose a life. If you
have less than 0 lives, you lose the entire game.
List of Implemented Commands
|key||what it does|
|q||quit the game|
|w||move forward to next word beginning|
|W||move forward to next WORD beginning|
|e||move forward to next word ending|
|E||move forward to next WORD ending|
|b||move backward to next word beginning|
|B||move backward to next WORD beginning|
|$||move to the end of the line|
|0||move to the beginning of the line|
|gg/1G||move to the beginning of the first line|
|numberG||move to the beginning of the line given by number|
|G||move to the beginning of the last line|
|^||move to the first word at the current line|
|&||1337 cheatz (beat current level)|
Create Your Own Map!
The maps for PacVim are loaded from text files from
the /usr/local/share/pacvim-maps folder. After installing, you may, instead, use the maps folder (where you installed
the game) by calling
The name of each text file must be
in a format such as:
# represents a number like
0, 1, 9, 14, etc. The numbers must be consecutive (can't have map0.txt,
map1.txt, and then map3.txt). MAKE SURE YOU CHANGE THE NUM_OF_LEVELS
IN GLOBALS.CPP OR ELSE YOUR NEW MAPS WON'T LOAD. It should be equal
to the highest map number.
In the map text file, the walls are denoted by ampersands
#, and the
tildes come just from the tilde key. Maps must be bounded and closed,
so the player is trapped within 4 walls. Make sure walls block the top
and left of the terminal (or else the player goes offscreen). Any
shape, height, and width, within these constraints, should work
Creating Ghosts and Players
At the bottom of each map text file, parameters about the Ghost(s) and Players are specified
/# X Y ... EG:
/0.5 1 1
The forward slash denotes that this information describes a Ghost (instead of player).
The # denotes the time, in seconds, it takes for the Ghost to move. (#=0.5 means 2 moves/sec)
X and Y denote the starting x- and y-position of the Ghost
pX Y ... EG:
The 'p' denotes that this information describes a Player (instead of Ghost).
The X and Y denote the starting x- and y-position of the Player.
This is optional, the player spawns in the middle of the map otherwise
This should be the last line of the file
avatar class, which contains information about
the player, such as his/her x position, y position, etc. It
also contains methods that allow the player to move and correspond
to the keystrokes. For example, the
avatar class contains the method
parseWordForward(bool) which implements the functionality
for the "w" (or "W" if true) vim command.
Contains the Ghost1 class, derived from the
avatar class. It is
just like the avatar class, but it requires an extra paremeter
upon initialization, called
sleepTime, a double value that
determines how quickly a ghost moves. It refers to the time, in
seconds, the ghost must wait to move. A
sleepTime of 0.5 means
the ghost moves 2 times a second.
sleepTime = 0.33 is 3 moves per second, etc.
Ghost1 class also contains a method called
creates the ghost at the location based on its initialization parameters.
The ghost will appear when
READY (global bool) is true (this means the player
is ready), and it will call
ghost.think() one second afterwards.
think is a recursive method that simply moves the ghost. It uses
a basic greedy algorithm based on the distance of the ghost's potential
moves (up, down, right, left) and the player.
Each ghost contains its own thread. A global mutex, called
think) to ensure that resources are shared properly.
Contains methods that allow easy changes of the screen. A few of them:
chtype charAt(int x, int y)returns the chtype at the (x,y) location
bool writeAt(int x, int y, chtype letter)writes the 'letter' at location (x,y). Returns false if location is invalid.
void printAtBottom(string msg)writes a message one line below the last line
This contains the main() method among many other important ones
main - contains a loop that breaks when
LIVES < 0. In the loop,
the proper map name is determined and loaded. Data is reset (such as as the pointers,
the ghost AI, etc). The level is incremented.
init(const char) - called by
drawScreen(str map), creates and
spawns player and ghosts threads. Then calls
ends, all the ghost threads are deleted, and then we go back to the
drawScreen(char map) - called by
init. Reads from text file given
by parameter. Loads everything onto the screen with the proper color and gets
information from the ghost and player so that they spawn in the proper place in
playGame(time_t, avatar player) - called by
init. This contains two loops,
one that consumes everything in the input buffer (which is then deleted), the second
loop allows the player to continuously input keystrokes. When a keystroke is input,
onKeystroke is called
- More testing on `#G` and `G` commands
- G can go out of bounds on Map 8 with the boxes. #G (between boxes)
- G won't move to proper line, it can hit the last wall rather than the last word (map2)
- Refactor code, more comments
PacVim is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) as published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
PacVim is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU Lesser General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public License along with this program. If not, see http://www.gnu.org/licenses/.