JRuby's parser customized for IDE usage
Java Yacc Ruby
Latest commit 4d408aa Jul 20, 2017 @enebo enebo Fix javadoc errors for Java 8 does not abort mvn build and reenabled …

plugin so we can pass sonatype hoop for next release.


JRubyParser.jar and jruby-parser.gem

JRuby once had a parser which kept track of all sorts of extra information when it built it's Abstract Syntax Tree (AST). Stuff like character offsets where a particular element started or ended. The impact of this extra information was a more than noticeable amount of memory and a bit of a perf impact. At the time we decided to discontinue having this sort of parser in JRuby we created JRubyParser.

JRubyParser.java is just the Java code which is slowly evolving into everything a Ruby IDE project could want. Ability to know where source elements are; whether a syntax is correct; source re-writing....

Netbeans and Eclipse are two users of JRubyParser. We have a vested interest in making parsing Ruby a convenient and simple task for Java programmers.

Basic Usage


import org.jrubyparser.CompatVersion;
import org.jrubyparser.Parser;
import org.jrubyparser.ast.*;
import org.jrubyparser.parser.ParserConfiguration;
import java.io.StringReader;

public class ParseSomething {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        String codeString = "def foo(bar)\n bar\n end\n foo('astring')";

        Node node = parseContents(codeString);

    public static Node parseContents(String string) {
        Parser rubyParser = new Parser();
        StringReader in = new StringReader(string);
        CompatVersion version = CompatVersion.RUBY1_8;
        ParserConfiguration config = new ParserConfiguration(0, version);
        return rubyParser.parse("<code>", in, config);

In the above code, CompatVersion is an enum which can be RUBY1_8,RUBY1_9, or RUBY2_0. ParserConfiguration takes several options, including linenumber, version, and optionally a static scope and can be configured with additional information about syntax gathering if necessary.


jruby-parser.gem is a gem which bundles JRubyParser.jar and also provides a thin Ruby layer around the Java API to follow Ruby programming idioms better. Here is a simple example of parsing and rewriting using jruby-parser.rb:

require 'jruby-parser'

root = JRubyParser.parse("b = foo(1)")
fcall = root.find_node(:fcall)
fcall.name = 'bar'
fcall.args[0] = true

# Write out the new source 
root.to_source # b = bar(true)


Generate new parser code (only needed on hacking .y files):

Assume: jay 1.0.2 installed

./bin/generate_parser Ruby18Parser Ruby18
./bin/generate_parser Ruby19Parser Ruby19
./bin/generate_parser Ruby20Parser Ruby20

Build and test using Rake

Compiles .java files, builds jar, copies jar to lib directory and runs the specs:

jruby -S rake

Builds gemfile:

jruby -S rake build

Runs specs:

jruby -S rake spec

Build and package using Maven to get a JAR

mvn compile
mvn package