Ensure that some code always executes exclusively, in the order it is called
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README.md

node-synchronized

Ensure that some code always executes exclusively, in the order it is called

Examples

Where you have some asynchronous code that should not be executing concurrently, e.g. where the next call relies on the result of the previous call. Some string or object identifies the scope of mutual-exclusion.

var synchd = require('synchronized');

synchd(cachedDocs, function(done){
  // Return cached response if available
  if (cachedDocs[id]) {
    return done(null, cachedDocs[id]);
  }

  // Otherwise fetch
  Model.findById(id, function(err, document){
    // ...

    cachedDocs[id] = document;
    done(null, document);
  });
}, cb);

You can also conveniently create a last-argument error-first callback function to pass to a flow-control library structure, such as the ones available in async.

async.parallel({
  company: synchd.fn(companyId, function(done){
    fetchedCompany(companyId, done);
  }),

  companyManager: synchd.fn(companyId, function(done){
    fetchedCompany(companyId, function(err, company){
      if (err) // ...

      done(null, company.manager);
    });
  })
}, function(err, results){
  if (err) // ...
});

As an optimization, you may want to create reusable function that will first try to perform a cheap, non-mutually-exclusive operation, such as an in-memory cache lookup, before performing the expensive, mutually-exclusive operation.

Such a cache lookup function would again be performed before executing queued calls to the expensive operation so as to avoid it when possible.

Note that the context (this) can be used where the reusable function is stored on an object.

var myObj = { id: 'abc', localCache: null, localCachedAt: null };

myObj.lookup = synchd.cachedFn(function scopeLookup() {
  return this;
}, function cacheLookup(cb, cont) {
  // Return cached response if available
  if (this.localCachedAt) return cb(null, this.localCache);

  cont();
}, function expensiveLookup(cb) {
  var self = this;

  // Otherwise fetch
  Model.findById(self.id, function(err, document){
    // ....

    self.localCachedAt = new Date();
    self.localCache = document;
    done(null, document);
  });
})

myObj.lookup(function(err, document){ console.log(myObj.localCachedAt) });
myObj.lookup(function(err, document){ console.log(myObj.localCachedAt) });

Prints:

Tue Sep 16 2014 15:17:35 GMT+0100 (BST)
Tue Sep 16 2014 15:17:35 GMT+0100 (BST)

Usage

synchd(scopeObj, fn, done)

  • scopeObj - An object or string as scope, or function returning either of these
  • fn(cb) - The function to call one at a time per scope, first argument is the callback to call on completion, e.g. function(done) { process.nextTick(done) }
  • done - (Optional) Called when execution of the provided function has completed, called with same arguments as provided callback

synchd.fn(scopeObj, fn)

  • scopeObj - (Optional) As above, default: null (global)
  • fn(..., cb) - cb as above. Other arguments passed from newFn.

Returns:

  • newFn(..., cb) - First arguments passed to fn, last argument callback

synchd.cachedFn(scopeObj, cacheLookupFn, fn)

  • scopeObj - (Optional) As above, default: null (global)
  • cacheLookupFn(..., cb, cont) Must call either cb or cont, where cb is completion callback (as above) and call fn. Other arguments passed from newFn.
  • fn(..., cb) - cb as above. Other arguments passed from newFn.

Returns:

  • newFn(..., cb) - First arguments passed to fn, last argument callback

Note: if newFn is called in context of an object, this will be the context fn and cacheLookupFn.

License

MIT