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README.md

Rgot

Build Status

Ruby + Golang Testing = Rgot

Rgot is a testing package convert from golang testing.

Usage

test/sample.rb

class Sample
  def sum(i, j)
    i + j
  end
end

test/pass_test.rb

module SampleTest
  class TypeSum < Struct.new(:left, :right, :expect)
  end

  DATA = [
    TypeSum.new(2, 3, 5),
    TypeSum.new(12, 9, 21),
    TypeSum.new(85, 42, 127),
  ]

  def test_pass(t)
    s = Sample.new
    DATA.each do |ts|
      sum = s.sum(ts.left, ts.right)
      unless sum.kind_of?(Fixnum)
        t.error("expect Fixnum got #{sum.class}")
      end
      unless sum == ts.expect
        t.error("expect #{ts.expect} got #{sum}")
      end
    end
  end
end
$ rgot -v --require ./test/sample test/pass_test.rb
=== RUN test_pass
--- PASS: test_pass (0.00003s)
PASS
ok	0.001s

Features

Testing

I provide a very simple testing feature to you.

Rgot testing is quite different from RSpec and MiniTest etc.

Rgot carve out a new world of testing.

So, You check only bad case in testing.

Benchmark

You can write simple benchmark script with testing.

This benchmark to adjust the time automatically.

module FooTest
  def benchmark_something(b)
    i = 0
    while i < b.n
      something(1)
      i += 1
    end
  end
end
$ rgot foo_test.rb --bench .
benchmark_something	14400000	81 ns/op
ok	FooTest	2.782s

b.n is automatically adjusted.

Example

Rgot's example feature is the best and if you want to write the sample code of your library.

While presenting the sample code, it will be able to test whether the display results match at the same time.

module FooTest
  class User
    def initialize(name)
      @name = name
    end

    def hello
      "Hello #{@name}"
    end
  end

  def example_something
    user = User.new('ksss')
    puts user.hello
    # Output:
    # Hello ksss
  end

  def example_fail
    user = User.new('ksss')
    puts user.hello
    # Output:
    # Hi ksss
  end
end

example_fail fail since output is different.

So, you can notice that the sample code is wrong.

Table Driven Tests

FLAGTESTS = [
  ["%a", "[%a]"],
  ["%-a", "[%-a]"],
  ["%+a", "[%+a]"],
  ["%#a", "[%#a]"],
  ["% a", "[% a]"],
  ["%0a", "[%0a]"],
  ["%1.2a", "[%1.2a]"],
  ["%-1.2a", "[%-1.2a]"],
  ["%+1.2a", "[%+1.2a]"],
  ["%-+1.2a", "[%+-1.2a]"],
  ["%-+1.2abc", "[%+-1.2a]bc"],
  ["%-1.2abc", "[%-1.2a]bc"],
]

def test_flag_parser(t)
  FLAGTESTS.each do |input, output|
    s = Flag.print(input)
    unless s == output
      t.errorf("Flag.print(%p) => %p, want %p", input, s, output)
    end
  end
end

see https://github.com/golang/go/wiki/TableDrivenTests

Naming convention

Filename

Filename should be set '*_test.rb'

Module name

Module name should be set 'XxxTest'

'Xxx' can replace any string (in range of ruby module)

Testing code file can split any number.

But all file should be have one module (like golang package name).

module XxxTest
  # ...
end

Method name

Method name should be set test_* for testing.

And benchmark method should be set benchmark_*.

And example method should be set example_*.

module XxxTest
  def test_any_name(t)
  end

  def benchmark_any_name(b)
  end

  def example_any_name
  end
end

Command line interface

$ rgot -h
Usage: rgot [options]
    -v, --verbose                    log all tests
        --version                    show Rgot version
        --bench [regexp]             benchmark
        --benchtime [sec]            benchmark running time
        --timeout [sec]              set timeout sec to testing
        --cpu [count,...]            set cpu counts of comma split
        --thread [count,...]         set thread counts of comma split
        --require [path]             load some code before running
        --load-path [path]           Specify $LOAD_PATH directory

Basic

$ rgot file_of_test.rb
PASS
ok	0.001s

Set filename to argument.

Just only start testing file_of_test.rb.

$ rgot sample
PASS
ok	0.002s

And set dirname to argument, run all case of testing under this dir.

Verbose

$ rgot -v target_file_test.rb
=== RUN test_pass
--- PASS: test_pass (0.00005s)
PASS
ok	0.001s

Show all log and more detail information of testing.

Benchmark

$ rgot target_file_test.rb --bench .

Run testing with benchmark.

. means match all string for regexp.

Set someone if you only run benchmark to match someone method.(e.g. benchmark_someone_1)

Parallel benchmark

Benchmark for parallel performance.

--cpu option set process counts (default Etc.nprocessors).

And --thread option set thread counts (default 1).

Benchmark fork, run and report each by process counts.

(process and thread means ruby/linux native process and thread)

module FooTest
  def benchmark_any_func(b)
    b.run_parallel do |pb|
      # pb is instance of Rgot::PB
      # call some time by b.n
      while pb.next
        some_func()
      end
    end
  end
end
$ rgot foo_test.rb --bench . --cpu=2,4 --thread=2,4
benchmark_any_func-2(2)	40	13363604 ns/op
benchmark_any_func-2(4)	160	7125845 ns/op
benchmark_any_func-4(2)	160	7224815 ns/op
benchmark_any_func-4(4)	320	3652431 ns/op
ok	FooTest	3.061s

Timeout

$ rgot target_file_test.rb --timeout 3

You can set timeout sec for testing (default 0).

Fail testing and print raised exception message to STDERR if timeout.

Methods

Rgot

Rgot.benchmark

Run benchmark function without framework.

result = Rgot.benchmark do |b|
  i = 0
  while i < b.n
    some_func()
    i += 1
  end
end
puts result #=> 100000	100 ns/op

Rgot.verbose?

Check running with option verbose true/false.

Rgot::M (Main)

Main method run first on testing.

And this is default virtual main code.

module TestSomeCode
  def test_main(m)
    exit m.run
  end
end

Main method should be set 'test_main' only.

Variable m is a instance of Rgot::M class means Main.

Rgot::M#run start all testing methods.

And return code of process end status.

If you want to run before/after all testing method, You can write like this.

module TestSomeCode
  def test_main(m)
    the_before_running_some_code
    code = m.run
    the_after_running_some_code
    exit code
  end
end

Rgot::Common

Rgot::Common is inherited to Rgot::T and Rgot::B

Rgot::Common have some logging method.

Rgot::Common#log

t.log("wooooo", 1, 2, 3)

Write any log message.

But this message to show need -v option.

Rgot::Common#logf

Write any log message like sprintf.

t.logf("%d-%s", 10, "foo")

Rgot::Common#error

t.error("expect #{a} got #{b}")

Test fail and show some error message.

Rgot::Common#errorf

Fail loggin same as logf

Rgot::Common#fatal

Testing stop and fail with log.

t.fatal("fatal error!")

Rgot::Common#fatalf

Fatal logging same as logf

Rgot::Common#skip

t.skip("this method was skipped")

Skip current testing method.

And run to next testing method.

Rgot::Common#skipf

Skip logging same as logf

Rgot::T (Testing)

Testing is a main usage of this package.

module TestSomeCode
  def test_some_1(t)
  end
end

The t variable is instance of Rgot::T class means Testing.

Rgot::B (Benchmark)

For Benchmark class.

Can use log methods same as Rgot::T class

Rgot::B#n

Automatic number calculated by running time.

Recommend to this idiom.

def benchmark_something(b)
  i = 0
  while i < b.n
    something()
    i += 1
  end
end

Rgot::B#reset_timer

Reset benchmark timer

def benchmark_something(b)
  obj = heavy_prepare_method()
  b.reset_timer # you can ignore time of havy_prepare_method()
  i = 0
  while i < b.n
    obj.something()
    i += 1
  end
end

Rgot::B#start_timer

Start benchmark timer

Rgot::B#stop_timer

Stop benchmark timer

Rgot::B#run_parallel

Start parallel benchmark using fork and Thread.new.

This method should be call with block.

The block argument is instance of Rgot::PB.

Rgot::PB (Parallel Benchmark)

Rgot::PB#next

Should be call this when parallel benchmark.

Repeat while return false.

Recommend this idiom.

def benchmark_foo(b)
  b.run_parallel do |pb|
    while pb.next
      some_func()
    end
  end
end