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A free utility to help web developers watch and manipulate network traffic from their AJAX applications.
Java Groovy Other
Pull request Compare This branch is 565 commits ahead, 4 commits behind webmetrics:master.

Merge pull request #287 from jekh/prepopulate-har-response

Always populating HarResponse when a new HarRequest is created
latest commit 4d5e12db08
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README.md

BrowserMob Proxy

BrowserMob Proxy is a simple utility that makes it easy to capture performance data from browsers, typically written using automation toolkits such as Selenium and Watir.

The latest version of BrowserMobProxy is 2.1.0-beta-2. It is the second release that supports the new BrowserMobProxy interface, and the second release powered by LittleProxy. We highly recommend that you use 2.1.0-beta-2 instead of the previous 2.0.0 release.

To use BrowserMob Proxy in your tests, add the browsermob-core-littleproxy dependency to your pom:

    <dependency>
        <groupId>net.lightbody.bmp</groupId>
        <!-- To use the legacy, Jetty-based implementation, 
             change the artifactId to browsermob-core -->
        <artifactId>browsermob-core-littleproxy</artifactId>
        <version>2.1.0-beta-2</version>
        <scope>test</scope>
    </dependency>

To run in standalone mode from the command line, download the latest release from the releases page, or build the latest from source.

Important Changes since 2.0.0

Since the 2.1 release is still in beta, some features and functionality (including the BrowserMobProxy interface) may change, although the new interface is largely stable. The most important changes from 2.0 are:

See the New Interface Compatibility Guide for information on using the new BrowserMobProxy interface with the legacy ProxyServer implementation.

New BrowserMobProxy API

BrowserMob Proxy 2.1 includes a new BrowserMobProxy interface to interact with BrowserMob Proxy programmatically. The new interface defines the functionality that BrowserMob Proxy will support in future releases (including 3.0+). Both the legacy (Jetty-based) ProxyServer class and the new, LittleProxy-powered BrowserMobProxy class support the new BrowserMobProxy interface.

To ease the upgrade path to 3.0 and beyond, we highly recommend using the BrowserMobProxy interface, even if you continue to use the legacy ProxyServer implementation.

Using the LittleProxy implementation with existing code

The legacy interface, implicitly defined by the ProxyServer class, has been extracted into net.lightbody.bmp.proxy.LegacyProxyServer and is now officially deprecated. The new LittleProxy-based implementation will implement LegacyProxyServer for all 2.1.x releases. This means you can switch to the LittleProxy-powered implementation with minimal change to existing code (with the exception of interceptors):

    // With the Jetty-based 2.0.0 release, BMP was created like this:
    ProxyServer proxyServer = new ProxyServer();
    proxyServer.start();
    // [...]

    // To use the LittleProxy-powered 2.1.0 release, simply change to 
    // the LegacyProxyServer interface and the new LittleProxy-based implementation:
    LegacyProxyServer proxyServer = new BrowserMobProxyServer();
    proxyServer.start();
    // Almost all deprecated 2.0.0 methods are supported by the 
    // new BrowserMobProxyServer implementation, so in most cases, 
    // no further code changes are necessary

LegacyProxyServer will not be supported after 3.0 is released, so we recommend migrating to the BrowserMobProxy interface as soon as possible. The new interface provides additional functionality and is compatible with both the legacy Jetty-based ProxyServer implementation (with some exceptions) and the new LittleProxy implementation.

LittleProxy Support

BrowserMob Proxy now supports using LittleProxy instead of Jetty 5 + Apache HTTP Client. To enable LittleProxy support, include the browsermob-core-littleproxy artifact:

    <dependency>
        <groupId>net.lightbody.bmp</groupId>
        <artifactId>browsermob-core-littleproxy</artifactId>
        <version>2.1.0-beta-2</version>
        <scope>test</scope>
    </dependency>

Instead of creating a ProxyServer instance, create a BrowserMobProxyServer instance:

    BrowserMobProxy proxy = new BrowserMobProxyServer();
    proxy.start();

To continue using the legacy Jetty-based implementation, include the browsermob-core artifact.

Features and Usage

The proxy is programmatically controlled via a REST interface or by being embedded directly inside Java-based programs and unit tests. It captures performance data in the HAR format. In addition it can actually control HTTP traffic, such as:

  • blacklisting and whitelisting certain URL patterns
  • simulating various bandwidth and latency
  • remapping DNS lookups
  • flushing DNS caching
  • controlling DNS and request timeouts
  • automatic BASIC authorization

REST API

New in 2.1: The REST API now supports LittleProxy. When running browsermob-proxy, specify --use-littleproxy true to enable LittleProxy support.

To get started, first start the proxy by running browsermob-proxy or browsermob-proxy.bat in the bin directory:

$ sh browsermob-proxy -port 9090 --use-littleproxy true
INFO 05/31 03:12:48 o.b.p.Main           - Starting up...
2011-05-30 20:12:49.517:INFO::jetty-7.3.0.v20110203
2011-05-30 20:12:49.689:INFO::started o.e.j.s.ServletContextHandler{/,null}
2011-05-30 20:12:49.820:INFO::Started SelectChannelConnector@0.0.0.0:9090

Once started, there won't be an actual proxy running until you create a new proxy. You can do this by POSTing to /proxy:

[~]$ curl -X POST http://localhost:9090/proxy
{"port":9091}

or optionally specify your own port:

[~]$ curl -X POST -d 'port=9099' http://localhost:9090/proxy
{"port":9099}

or if running BrowserMob Proxy in a multi-homed environment, specify a desired bind address (default is 0.0.0.0):

[~]$ curl -X POST -d 'bindAddress=192.168.1.222' http://localhost:9090/proxy
{"port":9096}

Once that is done, a new proxy will be available on the port returned. All you have to do is point a browser to that proxy on that port and you should be able to browse the internet. The following additional APIs will then be available:

  • GET /proxy - get a list of ports attached to ProxyServer instances managed by ProxyManager
  • PUT /proxy/[port]/har - creates a new HAR attached to the proxy and returns the HAR content if there was a previous HAR. Supports the following parameters:
    • initialPageRef - the string name of the first page ref that should be used in the HAR. Defaults to "Page 1".
    • initialPageTitle - the title of first HAR page. Defaults to initialPageRef.
    • captureHeaders - Boolean, capture headers
    • captureContent - Boolean, capture content bodies
    • captureBinaryContent - Boolean, capture binary content
  • PUT /proxy/[port]/har/pageRef - starts a new page on the existing HAR. Supports the following parameters:
    • pageRef - the string name of the first page ref that should be used in the HAR. Defaults to "Page N" where N is the next page number.
    • pageTitle - the title of new har page. Defaults to pageRef.
  • DELETE /proxy/[port] - shuts down the proxy and closes the port
  • GET /proxy/[port]/har - returns the JSON/HAR content representing all the HTTP traffic passed through the proxy
  • GET /proxy/[port]/whitelist - Displays whitelisted items
  • PUT /proxy/[port]/whitelist - Sets a list of URL patterns to whitelist. Takes the following parameters:
    • regex - a comma separated list of regular expressions
    • status - the HTTP status code to return for URLs that do not match the whitelist
  • DELETE /proxy/[port]/whitelist - Clears all URL patterns from the whitelist
  • GET /proxy/[port]/blacklist - Displays blacklisted items
  • PUT /proxy/[port]/blacklist - Set a URL to blacklist. Takes the following parameters:
    • regex - the blacklist regular expression
    • status - the HTTP status code to return for URLs that are blacklisted
    • method - regular expression for matching method., e.g., POST. Emtpy for matching all method.
  • DELETE /proxy/[port]/blacklist - Clears all URL patterns from the blacklist
  • PUT /proxy/[port]/limit - Limit the bandwidth through the proxy. Takes the following parameters:
    • downstreamKbps - Sets the downstream bandwidth limit in kbps
    • upstreamKbps - Sets the upstream bandwidth limit kbps
    • downstreamMaxKB - Specifies how many kilobytes in total the client is allowed to download through the proxy.
    • upstreamMaxKB - Specifies how many kilobytes in total the client is allowed to upload through the proxy.
    • latency - Add the given latency to each HTTP request
    • enable - (true/false) a boolean that enable bandwidth limiter. By default the limit is disabled, although setting any of the properties above will implicitly enable throttling
    • payloadPercentage - a number ]0, 100] specifying what percentage of data sent is payload. e.g. use this to take into account overhead due to tcp/ip.
    • maxBitsPerSecond - The max bits per seconds you want this instance of StreamManager to respect.
  • GET /proxy/[port]/limit - Displays the amount of data remaining to be uploaded/downloaded until the limit is reached.
  • POST /proxy/[port]/headers - Set and override HTTP Request headers. For example setting a custom User-Agent.
    • Payload data should be json encoded set of headers (not url-encoded)
  • POST /proxy/[port]/hosts - Overrides normal DNS lookups and remaps the given hosts with the associated IP address
    • Payload data should be json encoded set of name/value pairs (ex: {"example.com": "1.2.3.4"})
  • POST /proxy/[port]/auth/basic/[domain] - Sets automatic basic authentication for the specified domain
    • Payload data should be json encoded username and password name/value pairs (ex: {"username": "myUsername", "password": "myPassword"}
  • PUT /proxy/[port]/wait - wait till all request are being made
    • quietPeriodInMs - Sets quiet period in milliseconds
    • timeoutInMs - Sets timeout in milliseconds
  • PUT /proxy/[port]/timeout - Handles different proxy timeouts. Takes the following parameters:
    • requestTimeout - request timeout in milliseconds. A timeout value of -1 is interpreted as infinite timeout. It equals -1 by default.
    • readTimeout - read timeout in milliseconds. Which is the timeout for waiting for data or, put differently, a maximum period inactivity between two consecutive data packets). A timeout value of zero is interpreted as an infinite timeout. It equals 60000 by default
    • connectionTimeout - Determines the timeout in milliseconds until a connection is established. A timeout value of zero is interpreted as an infinite timeout. It eqauls 60000 by default
    • dnsCacheTimeout - Sets the maximum length of time that records will be stored in this Cache. A nonpositive value disables this feature (that is, sets no limit). It equals 0 y default
  • PUT /proxy/[port]/rewrite - Redirecting URL's
    • matchRegex - a matching URL regular expression
    • replace - replacement URL
  • DELETE /proxy/[port]/rewrite - Removes all URL redirection rules currently in effect
  • PUT /proxy/[port]/retry - Setting the retry count
    • retrycount - the number of times a method will be retried
  • DELETE /proxy/[port]/dns/cache - Empties the Cache.

For example, once you've started the proxy you can create a new HAR to start recording data like so:

[~]$ curl -X PUT -d 'initialPageRef=Foo' http://localhost:8080/proxy/9091/har

Now when traffic goes through port 9091 it will be attached to a page reference named "Foo". Consult the HAR specification for more info on what a "pageRef" is. You can also start a new pageRef like so:

[~]$ curl -X PUT -d 'pageRef=Bar' http://localhost:8080/proxy/9091/har/pageRef

That will ensure no more HTTP requests get attached to the old pageRef (Foo) and start getting attached to the new pageRef (Bar). You can also get the HAR content at any time like so:

[~]$ curl http://localhost:8080/proxy/9091/har

Sometimes you will want to route requests through an upstream proxy server. In this case specify your proxy server by adding the httpProxy parameter to your create proxy request:

[~]$ curl -X POST http://localhost:9090/proxy?httpProxy=yourproxyserver.com:8080
{"port":9091}

Alternatively, you can specify the upstream proxy config for all proxies created using the standard JVM system properties for HTTP proxies. Note that you can still override the default upstream proxy via the POST payload, but if you omit the payload the JVM system properties will be used to specify the upstream proxy.

TODO: Other REST APIs supporting all the BrowserMob Proxy features will be added soon.

Command-line Arguments

  • -port <port>
    • Port on which the API listens. Default value is 8080.
  • -address
    • Address to which the API is bound. Default value is 0.0.0.0.
  • -proxyPortRange <from>-<to>
    • Range of ports reserved for proxies. Only applies if port parameter is not supplied in the POST request. Default values are <port>+1 to <port>+500+1.
  • -ttl <seconds>
    • Proxy will be automatically deleted after a specified time period. Off by default.

Embedded Mode

New in 2.1: New Embedded Mode module

New in 2.1: New BrowserMobProxy interface for Embedded Mode

BrowserMob Proxy 2.1 separates the Embedded Mode and REST API into two modules. If you only need Embedded Mode functionality, add the browsermob-core-littleproxy artifact as a dependency. The REST API artifact is browsermob-rest.

If you're using Java and Selenium, the easiest way to get started is to embed the project directly in your test. First, you'll need to make sure that all the dependencies are imported in to the project. You can find them in the lib directory. Or, if you're using Maven, you can add this to your pom:

    <dependency>
        <groupId>net.lightbody.bmp</groupId>
        <!-- To use the legacy, Jetty-based implementation, change the artifactId to browsermob-core -->
        <artifactId>browsermob-core-littleproxy</artifactId>
        <version>2.1.0-beta-2</version>
        <scope>test</scope>
    </dependency>

Once done, you can start a proxy using net.lightbody.bmp.BrowserMobProxy:

    BrowserMobProxy proxy = new BrowserMobProxyServer();
    proxy.start(0);
    // get the JVM-assigned port and get to work!
    int port = proxy.getPort();
    //...

Consult the Javadocs on the net.lightbody.bmp.BrowserMobProxy class for the full API.

Using With Selenium

You can use the REST API with Selenium however you want. But if you're writing your tests in Java and using Selenium 2, this is the easiest way to use it:

    // start the proxy
    BrowserMobProxy proxy = new BrowserMobProxyServer();
    proxy.start(0);

    // get the Selenium proxy object
    Proxy proxy = ClientUtil.createSeleniumProxy(proxy);

    // configure it as a desired capability
    DesiredCapabilities capabilities = new DesiredCapabilities();
    capabilities.setCapability(CapabilityType.PROXY, proxy);

    // start the browser up
    WebDriver driver = new FirefoxDriver(capabilities);

    // create a new HAR with the label "yahoo.com"
    proxy.newHar("yahoo.com");

    // open yahoo.com
    driver.get("http://yahoo.com");

    // get the HAR data
    Har har = proxy.getHar();

HTTP Request Manipulation

HTTP request manipulation is changing with LittleProxy. The LittleProxy-based interceptors are easier to use and more reliable. The legacy ProxyServer implementation will not support the new interceptor methods.

LittleProxy interceptors

There are four new methods to support request and response interception in LittleProxy:

  • addRequestFilter
  • addResponseFilter
  • addFirstHttpFilterFactory
  • addLastHttpFilterFactory

For most use cases, including inspecting and modifying requests/responses, addRequestFilter and addResponseFilter will be sufficient. The request and response filters are easy to use:

    proxy.addRequestFilter(new RequestFilter() {
            @Override
            public HttpResponse filterRequest(HttpRequest request, HttpMessageContents contents, HttpMessageInfo messageInfo) {
                if (messageInfo.getOriginalUri().endsWith("/some-endpoint-to-intercept")) {
                    // retrieve the existing message contents as a String or, for binary contents, as a byte[]
                    String messageContents = contents.getTextContents();

                    // do some manipulation of the contents
                    String newContents = messageContents.replaceAll("original-string", "my-modified-string");
                    //[...]

                    // replace the existing content by calling setTextContents() or setBinaryContents()
                    contents.setTextContents(newContents);
                }

                // in the request filter, you can return an HttpResponse object to "short-circuit" the request
                return null;
            }
        });

        // responses are equally as simple:
        proxy.addResponseFilter(new ResponseFilter() {
            @Override
            public void filterResponse(HttpResponse response, HttpMessageContents contents, HttpMessageInfo messageInfo) {
                if (/*...some filtering criteria...*/) {
                    contents.setTextContents("This message body will appear in all responses!");
                }
            }
        });

With Java 8, the syntax is even more concise:

        proxy.addResponseFilter((response, contents, messageInfo) -> {
            if (/*...some filtering criteria...*/) {
                contents.setTextContents("This message body will appear in all responses!");
            }
        });

See the javadoc for the RequestFilter and ResponseFilter classes for more information.

For fine-grained control over the request and response lifecycle, you can add "filter factories" directly using addFirstHttpFilterFactory and addLastHttpFilterFactory (see the examples in the InterceptorTest unit tests).

REST API interceptors with LittleProxy

When running the REST API with LittleProxy enabled, you cannot use the legacy /:port/interceptor/ endpoints. Instead, POST the javascript payload to the new /:port/filter/request and /:port/filter/response endpoints.

Request filters

Javascript request filters have access to the variables request (type io.netty.handler.codec.http.HttpRequest), contents (type net.lightbody.bmp.util.HttpMessageContents), and messageInfo (type net.lightbody.bmp.util.HttpMessageInfo). messageInfo contains additional information about the message, including whether the message is sent over HTTP or HTTPS, as well as the original request received from the client before any changes made by previous filters. If the javascript returns an object of type io.netty.handler.codec.http.HttpResponse, the HTTP request will "short-circuit" and return the response immediately.

Example: Modify User-Agent header

curl -i -X POST -H 'Content-Type: text/plain' -d "request.headers().remove('User-Agent'); request.headers().add('User-Agent', 'My-Custom-User-Agent-String 1.0');" http://localhost:8080/proxy/8081/filter/request
Response filters

Javascript response filters have access to the variables response (type io.netty.handler.codec.http.HttpResponse), contents (type net.lightbody.bmp.util.HttpMessageContents), and messageInfo (type net.lightbody.bmp.util.HttpMessageInfo). As in the request filter, messageInfo contains additional information about the message.

Example: Modify response body

curl -i -X POST -H 'Content-Type: text/plain' -d "contents.setTextContents('<html><body>Response successfully intercepted</body></html>');" http://localhost:8080/proxy/8081/filter/response

Legacy interceptors

If you are using the legacy ProxyServer implementation, you can manipulate the requests like so:

    BrowserMobProxy server = new ProxyServer();
    ((LegacyProxyServer)server).addRequestInterceptor(new RequestInterceptor() {
        @Override
        public void process(BrowserMobHttpRequest request, Har har) {
            request.getMethod().removeHeaders("User-Agent");
            request.getMethod().addHeader("User-Agent", "Bananabot/1.0");
        }
    });

You can also POST a JavaScript payload to /:port/interceptor/request and /:port/interceptor/response using the REST interface. The functions will have a request/response variable, respectively, and a har variable (which may be null if a HAR isn't set up yet). The JavaScript code will be run by Rhino and have access to the same Java API in the example above:

[~]$ curl -X POST -H 'Content-Type: text/plain' -d 'request.getMethod().removeHeaders("User-Agent");' http://localhost:9090/proxy/9091/interceptor/request

Consult the Java API docs for more info.

SSL Support

LittleProxy support for MITM: In the current beta release, the browsermob-core-littleproxy module supports MITM but does not support dynamic certificate spoofing. In most cases this will not affect your tests, but browsers accessing HTTPS websites through BrowserMob Proxy will be notified that the certificates cannot be verified.

Legacy Jetty-based support for MITM: The legacy ProxyServer implementation using the browsermob-core module supports MITM and dynamic certificate spoofing. To avoid browser certificate warnings, a Certificate Authority must be installed in the browser. This allows the browser to trust all the SSL traffic coming from the proxy, which will be proxied using a classic man-in-the1-middle technique. IT IS CRITICAL THAT YOU NOT INSTALL THIS CERTIFICATE AUTHORITY ON A BROWSER THAT IS USED FOR ANYTHING OTHER THAN TESTING.

If you're doing testing with Selenium, you'll want to make sure that the browser profile that gets set up by Selenium not only has the proxy configured, but also has the CA installed. Unfortuantely, there is no API for doing this in Selenium, so you'll have to solve it uniquely for each browser type. We hope to make this easier in upcoming releases.

NodeJS Support

NodeJS bindings for browswermob-proxy are available here. Built-in support for Selenium or use CapserJS-on-PhantomJS or anything else to drive traffic for HAR generation.

Logging

When running in stand-alone mode, the proxy loads the default logging configuration from the conf/bmp-logging.yaml file. To increase/decrease the logging level, change the logging entry for net.lightbody.bmp.

New in 2.1: Neither Embedded Mode nor the REST API include an slf4j static binding, so you no longer need to exclude the slf4j-jdk14 dependency when including browsermob-core, browsermob-core-littleproxy or browsermob-rest.

DNS Resolution

New in 2.1: BrowserMob Proxy enables native DNS resolution by default.

The legacy Jetty-based ProxyServer implementation uses XBill (dnsjava) resolution, but automatically falls back to the default JVM DNS resolution if XBill cannot resolve the address. To disable native DNS fallback, set the bmp.allowNativeDnsFallback JVM property to false. You can also use the BrowserMobProxy.setHostNameResolver() method to disable native DNS fallback and/or dnsjava resolution itself.

When running from the command line:

$ JAVA_OPTS="-Dbmp.allowNativeDnsFallback=false" sh browsermob-proxy

or in Windows:

C:\browsermob-proxy\bin> set JAVA_OPTS="-Dbmp.allowNativeDnsFallback=false"
C:\browsermob-proxy\bin> browsermob-proxy.bat

If you are running in Embedded Mode (for example, within a Selenium test) you can disable native fallback or dnsjava by setting the implementation directly:

    BrowserMobProxy proxyServer = new BrowserMobProxyServer();
    // use only dnsjava
    proxyServer.setHostNameResolver(ClientUtil.createDnsJavaResolver());
    // or use only native resolution
    proxyServer.setHostNameResolver(ClientUtil.createNativeCacheManipulatingResolver());
    //...
    proxyServer.start(0);

Building the latest from source

You'll need maven (brew install maven if you're on OS X); use the release profile to generate the batch files from this repository.

[~]$ mvn -DskipTests -P release

You'll find the standalone BrowserMob Proxy distributable zip at browsermob-dist/target/browsermob-proxy-2.1.0-beta-3-SNAPSHOT-bin.zip. Unzip the contents and run the browsermob-proxy or browsermob-proxy.bat files in the bin directory.

When you build the latest code from source, you'll have access to the latest snapshot release. To use the SNAPSHOT version in your code, modify the version in your pom:

    <dependency>
        <groupId>net.lightbody.bmp</groupId>
        <artifactId>browsermob-core-littleproxy</artifactId>
        <version>2.1.0-beta-3-SNAPSHOT</version>
        <scope>test</scope>
    </dependency>
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