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Simple implementation of mean shift clustering in python
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Mean Shift Clustering

MeanShift_py is a simple implementation of mean shift clustering in python.

Dependencies

The only dependency is Numpy

Description

The mean_shift.py module defines a class called MeanShift. The MeanShift class constructor takes in an optional kernel parameter. If no kernel is specified, a default Gaussian kernel is used.

The cluster method requires an array of points and a kernel bandwidth value. A optional iteration_callback function can also be passed in that will be called back at the end of each mean shift iteration with the current state of the algorithm (e.g., where the points are currently at, along with an iteration number).

After the clustering finishes, a MeanShiftResult object is returned, containing three arrays:

  1. The original points
  2. The shifted points
  3. Cluster assignments for each point

Usage

import mean_shift as ms

data = get_data_from_somewhere()
mean_shifter = ms.MeanShift()
mean_shift_result = mean_shifter.cluster(data, kernel_bandwidth = 10)

original_points =  mean_shift_result.original_points
shifted_points = mean_shift_result.shifted_points
cluster_assignments = mean_shift_result.cluster_ids

# If you want to use multivariate gaussian kernel
# By default it uses unviariate gaussian kernel
# Make sure the dimensions of 'data' and the kernel match
mean_shifter = ms.MeanShift(kernel='multivariate_gaussian')
mean_shift_result = mean_shifter.cluster(data, kernel_bandwidth = [10,20,30])

Example

Plotting Into Graph

This is example using matplotlib to plot graphs

import mean_shift as ms
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np

data = np.genfromtxt('data.csv', delimiter=',')

mean_shifter = ms.MeanShift()
mean_shift_result = mean_shifter.cluster(data, kernel_bandwidth = 1)

original_points =  mean_shift_result.original_points
shifted_points = mean_shift_result.shifted_points
cluster_assignments = mean_shift_result.cluster_ids

x = original_points[:,0]
y = original_points[:,1]
Cluster = cluster_assignments
centers = shifted_points

fig = plt.figure()
ax = fig.add_subplot(111)
scatter = ax.scatter(x,y,c=Cluster,s=50)
for i,j in centers:
    ax.scatter(i,j,s=50,c='red',marker='+')
ax.set_xlabel('x')
ax.set_ylabel('y')
plt.colorbar(scatter)

fig.savefig("mean_shift_result")

Image Segmentation

Mean shift can be used for image segmentation. Below is an example of an image being mean shift clustered in 3D RGB space, resulting in 7 clusters.

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