krmt: Kit of Redis Module Tools
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README.md

krmt: Kit of Redis Module Tools

About

Welcome to a kit of tools you can easily add to Redis.

This repository gives you multiple ready-to-use Redis Add-on Modules.

You can also use the modules here for examples and templates to create your own your own loadable Redis modules.

Note: You must use a Dynamic Redis server if you want to use modules. Regular Redis doesn't know about modules.

@skidder maintains a deployable dockerfile based on the current development branch of dynamic-redis-unstable.

Disclaimers:

  • Redis is single threaded for all command processing.
  • While Redis is inside your command function, nothing else runs.
  • Your command should operate and return as quickly as possible. See existing Redis commands in the main redisCommandTable[] at the top of redis.c for examples of how to write different Redis commands.
  • Make sure to release objects and free memory you allocate. You will introduce memory leaks if you forget to free things.
  • You don't have to write in C. You can use C, C++, Go (?), Guile, Chicken, or anything else generating a shared library with C symbols for your operating system. You can even link additional libraries (want numerical routines? embedded sqlite3? embedded snappy/zippy?)

Writing Your Module

To write your module: start out with the simple module provided in this repository and modify commands, functions, fields, and structs as needed.

You will need to study the existing Redis source to learn how existing Redis commands work.

Also see the notes at Dynamic Redis: Use Command Modules.

Bundled Commands

Included in krmt:

  • json.so - an experiment in storing JSON documents in Redis
  • geo.so - provides efficient geographic coordinate range searches
  • hmsetif.so - provides HMSETIF (renamed from HMSETCK)
  • hmsetnx.so - provides HMSETNX (from a pull request and updated to integrate into more recent Redis versions).
  • bitallpos.so - provides BITALLPOS command returning the positions of all set bits in a string (from a pull request).
  • scriptname.so - provides SCRIPTNAME and EVALNAME commands allowing you to bind user friendly names to loaded script SHA hashes, then you can call scripts by name (using EVALNAME) instead of by a 40 character long hash reference.
    • Right now, this module has the best comment structure and best design patterns for creating your own modules.
    • Use the dynamic-redis-unstable branch to build scriptname.c since scriptname.c depends on a header not exported on released versions yet.
  • poong.so - minimal module showing how the basic Dynamic Redis interface API works.

Building

For building, you need a copy of the Dynamic Redis source tree.

If you want to build against the most recent 2.8 commits, use:

mkdir -p ~/repos
cd ~/repos
# We need YAJL for JSON commands and the Makefile refuses to run without it.
git clone https://github.com/lloyd/yajl
cd yajl
./configure; make
cd ..
git clone https://github.com/mattsta/redis
cd redis
git checkout dynamic-redis-2.8
make
cd ..
git clone https://github.com/mattsta/krmt
cd krmt
make clean; make -j

If you want to build against the current development branch, just change dynamic-redis-2.8 to dynamic-redis-unstable.

Usage

After building your module, you can load it into Dynamic Redis.

Compatability

As Redis adds or removes features, sometimes modules may need to be updated to take into account different functions or interfaces available to them.

Stable releases of Dynamic Redis (as of 0.5.2) define a few DYN_FEATURE_[feature] constants you can use for preprocessor selective including or excluding of code.

The currently defined features are negative features allowing the absense of them to mean "use behavior from unstable branch."

You can check all the current feature defines in version.h of your Dynamic Redis checkout.

For the unstable branch, no features are defined.

Automatic Module Reloading

During development, you can automatically reload your modules using some simple loops. Just run these from the directory where you compile your modules and everything should work.

Linux:

while inotifywait -e modify module.so; do
    redis-cli config set module-add `pwd`/module.so
done

OS X:

brew install kqwait
while kqwait module.so; do
    redis-cli config set module-add `pwd`/module.so
done

Tips

If you are on OS X, you should monitor your redis-server for new memory leaks by running leaks in a persistent terminal window:

watch "leaks redis-server"

Think of leaks as valgrind, except it can monitor leaks in any live process. We run leaks in a watch loop to refresh the check fairly often.

Under some use cases, leaks can cause an infinite loop in OS X's malloc routine. If that happens, rest assured it's a problem with leaks and not your code. You can also try running under jemalloc on OS X (not the default) to clear up any strange OS X malloc issues.

If you are on Linux, you should run your module tests under valgrind after a good day of development. Any changes should also be re-evaluated for memory leaks and invalid memory access.

Perfecting a Redis command takes time and understanding. Using memory allocation debuggers will help you eventually internalize the complexities of how and when Redis uses reference counted objects and malloc'd strings for certain operations.

Sample Output

Sample output on startup on OS X (Linux will complain if you give it a module name without a path):

matt@ununoctium:~/repos/redis/src% ./redis-server --module-strict no --module-add ping.so
[81021] 28 Mar 14:43:14.500 * Module [<builtin>] loaded 145 commands.
[81021] 28 Mar 14:43:14.501 * Loading new [ping.so] module.
[81021] 28 Mar 14:43:14.501 # [ping.so] version mismatch. Module was compiled against 2.9.11, but we are 2.8.8-dynamic-0.5. 
[81021] 28 Mar 14:43:14.501 # Strict version enforcement is disabled. Loading [ping.so] but undefined behavior may occur.
[81021] 28 Mar 14:43:14.501 * Added command poong [ping.so]
[81021] 28 Mar 14:43:14.501 * Added command pooooong [ping.so]
[81021] 28 Mar 14:43:14.501 * Added command pooong [ping.so]
[81021] 28 Mar 14:43:14.501 * Added command pinger [ping.so]
[81021] 28 Mar 14:43:14.501 * Module [ping.so] loaded 4 commands.
[81021] 28 Mar 14:43:14.501 * Running load function of module [ping.so].

Module reloaded with: CONFIG SET module-add /Users/matt/repos/krmt/poong.so

Sample output on reloading a module (using a different filename, but the same module name):

[81021] 28 Mar 14:43:29.796 * Running cleanup function for [ping.so] module.
[81021] 28 Mar 14:43:29.796 * Closed previous [ping.so] module.
[81021] 28 Mar 14:43:29.796 * Loading new [/Users/matt/repos/krmt/poong.so] module.
[81021] 28 Mar 14:43:29.796 * Replaced existing command poong [/Users/matt/repos/krmt/poong.so]
[81021] 28 Mar 14:43:29.796 * Replaced existing command pooooong [/Users/matt/repos/krmt/poong.so]
[81021] 28 Mar 14:43:29.796 * Replaced existing command pooong [/Users/matt/repos/krmt/poong.so]
[81021] 28 Mar 14:43:29.796 * Replaced existing command pinger [/Users/matt/repos/krmt/poong.so]
[81021] 28 Mar 14:43:29.796 * Module [/Users/matt/repos/krmt/poong.so] loaded 4 commands.
[81021] 28 Mar 14:43:29.796 * Running load function of module [/Users/matt/repos/krmt/poong.so].

Sample INFO modules output:

module_<builtin>:filename=<builtin>,compiled_against=2.8.8-dynamic-0.5,
module_version=2.8.8-dynamic-0.5,first_loaded=0,last_loaded=0,commands=get,set,
setnx,setex,psetex,append,strlen,del,exists,setbit,getbit,setrange,getrange,
substr,incr,decr,mget,rpush,lpush,rpushx,lpushx,linsert,rpop,lpop,brpop,
brpoplpush,blpop,llen,lindex,lset,lrange,ltrim,lrem,rpoplpush,sadd,srem,smove,
sismember,scard,spop,srandmember,sinter,sinterstore,sunion,sunionstore,sdiff,
sdiffstore,smembers,sscan,zadd,zincrby,zrem,zremrangebyscore,zremrangebyrank,
zunionstore,zinterstore,zrange,zrangebyscore,zrevrangebyscore,zcount,zrevrange,
zcard,zscore,zrank,zrevrank,zscan,hset,hsetnx,hget,hmset,hmget,hincrby,
hincrbyfloat,hdel,hlen,hkeys,hvals,hgetall,hexists,hscan,incrby,decrby,
incrbyfloat,getset,mset,msetnx,randomkey,select,move,rename,renamenx,expire,
expireat,pexpire,pexpireat,keys,scan,dbsize,auth,ping,echo,save,bgsave,
bgrewriteaof,shutdown,lastsave,type,multi,exec,discard,sync,psync,replconf,
flushdb,flushall,sort,info,monitor,ttl,pttl,persist,slaveof,debug,config,
subscribe,unsubscribe,psubscribe,punsubscribe,publish,pubsub,watch,unwatch,
restore,migrate,dump,object,client,eval,evalsha,slowlog,script,time,bitop,
bitcount,bitpos
module_sh.matt.test.pong:filename=/Users/matt/repos/krmt/poong.so,
compiled_against=2.8.8-dynamic-0.5,module_version=0.0001,
first_loaded=0,last_loaded=1396032209,commands=poong,pooooong,pooong,pinger

Contributions

Did you make a nice Redis Add-On Module? Does it have a beginning, a middle, and an end? Got a protagonist with some obstacles to overcome?

Just open a pull request against this repository if you want to share your modules and get them added to krmt.

Modules are more likely to be accepted if they have meaningful comments, don't leak memory, don't crash Redis, and show us something new and delightful while solving problems we've had forever (or solving problems we didn't even know we had).