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Table of Contents generated with DocToc

ansible-frr

Ansible role to install/configure FRR

NOTE: FRRouting (FRR) is an IP routing protocol suite for Linux and Unix platforms which includes protocol daemons for BFD, BGP, IS-IS, LDP, OSPF, PIM, and RIP.

Build Status

GitHub Actions

Molecule Test

Travis CI

Build Status

Requirements

For any required Ansible roles, review: requirements.yml

Role Variables

defaults/main.yml

Dependencies

Example Playbook

playbook.yml

Route Maps and Prefix Lists

Route Maps

Configuring Route Maps

Below is an example of Route Maps Configuration:

frr_route_map:
  RTBH:
    permit 10:
      interface: blackhole
      prefix_list: Bad_IPs
      origin: igp
      community: "12345:100"
  RTBH_IN:
    deny 10: []

General Options

IP/IPv6 Forwarding

Below is an example of enabling ip and ipv6 forwading:

frr_ip_forwarding: true
frr_ipv6_forwarding: true

Prefix Lists

Configuring Prefix Lists

Below is an example of Prefix List Configuration:

frr_prefix_list:
  Bad_IPs:
    05 permit:
      prefix: 192.168.88.0/24
      match: ge 32
    10 permit:
      prefix: 172.16.0.0/16
      match: le 32
frr_prefix_list_v6:
  Bad_IPs:
    05 permit:
      prefix: 1234:5678::/32
      match: ge 128

Access Lists

Configuring Access Lists

Below is an example

frr_access_list:
  - "10 permit 10.10.10.21/32"
  - "10 permit 192.168.0.0/17"
  - "101 permit ip 10.0.0.0 0.0.0.255 any"

Bidirectional Forwarding Detection (BFD)

Enable BFD

To enable BFD, make sure that bfdd: true is configured under:

frr_daemons:
  bfdd: true
  bgpd: false
  isisd: false
  ldpd: false
  nhrpd: false
  ospf6d: false
  ospfd: false
  pimd: false
  ripd: false
  ripngd: false
  zebra: true

Configuring BFD

BFD configuration is made under BGP neighbor settings. BFD for OSPF is not supported yet.

Supported Routing Protocols

Protocol Implemented Notes
BGP X Only initial config
OSPF X Only initial config
STATIC X Only initial config

BGP

Enable BGP

To enable BGP routing, make sure that bgpd: true is configured under:

frr_daemons:
  bfdd: false
  bgpd: false
  isisd: false
  ldpd: false
  nhrpd: false
  ospf6d: false
  ospfd: false
  pimd: false
  ripd: false
  ripngd: false
  zebra: true

Configuring BGP

In order to configure BGP, define the following based on your requirements:

frr_bgp:
  asns:
    65000:
      log_neighbor_changes: true
      no_ebgp_requires_policy: true
      timers: '3 9'
      other:
        - "bgp bestpath as-path multipath-relax"
        - "no bgp network import-check"
      neighbors:
        group1:
          asn: 66000
          is_peer_group: true
          multihop: 255
        192.168.250.11:
          asn: 65000
          default_originate: false
          description: node1
          next_hop_self: true
          timers_connect: 5
          v6only: true
          bfd_peer: true
          bfd_peer_detect_multiplier: 3
          bfd_peer_receive_interval: 50
          bfd_peer_transmit_interval: 50
          bfd_peer_echo_interval: 50
          bfd_peer_passive_mode: true
          bfd_peer_minimum_ttl: 253
          other:
            - "capability dynamic"
        192.168.250.12:
          asn: 65000
          default_originate: false
          description: node2
          next_hop_self: true
          v4_route_reflector_client: true
          password: secret
          bfd_peer: true
          bfd_peer_transmit_interval: 2000
          bfd_peer_echo_mode: true
          other:
            - "prefix-list Bad_IPs in"
        192.168.250.12:
          peer_group: group1
          description: far_away
      listen_range:
        192.168.250.0/24: group1
      networks:
        - "{{ frr_router_id }}/32"
        - "{{ hostvars[inventory_hostname]['ansible_enp0s8']['ipv4']['address'] }}/24"
      redistribute:
        - bgp
        - connected
        - kernel
        - ospf
        - static
      redistribute_v6:
        - bgp
        - connected
        - kernel

Example BGP

Below is an example of a BGP configuration:

frr_bgp:
  asns:
    65000:
      log_neighbor_changes: true
      af_v4:
        - "maximum-paths 2"
      af_v6:
        - "maximum-paths 2"
      neighbors:
        192.168.250.11:
          asn: 65000
          default_originate: false
          description: node1
          next_hop_self: true
          af_v4:
            - "soft-reconfiguration inbound"
        192.168.250.12:
          asn: 65000
          default_originate: false
          description: node2
          next_hop_self: true
        "::1":
          asn: 65000
          default_originate: false
          description: node1
          next_hop_self: true
          af_v6:
            - "activate"
            - "soft-reconfiguration inbound"
      networks:
        - "{{ frr_router_id }}/32"
        - "{{ hostvars[inventory_hostname]['ansible_enp0s8']['ipv4']['address'] }}/24"
        - "{{ hostvars[inventory_hostname]['ansible_enp0s9']['ipv4']['address'] }}/24"
        - "{{ hostvars[inventory_hostname]['ansible_enp0s10']['ipv4']['address'] }}/24"
        - "{{ hostvars[inventory_hostname]['ansible_enp0s16']['ipv4']['address'] }}/24"
      networks_v6:
        - "1::3/64"

Below is an example of a BGP summary based on the above configuration:

BGP table version is 13, local router ID is 1.1.1.1
Status codes: s suppressed, d damped, h history, * valid, > best, = multipath,
              i internal, r RIB-failure, S Stale, R Removed
Origin codes: i - IGP, e - EGP, ? - incomplete

   Network          Next Hop            Metric LocPrf Weight Path
*> 1.1.1.1/32       0.0.0.0                  0         32768 i
*>i2.2.2.2/32       192.168.250.11           0    100      0 i
*>i3.3.3.3/32       192.168.250.12           0    100      0 i
*> 192.168.10.0     0.0.0.0                  0         32768 i
*>i192.168.11.0     192.168.250.11           0    100      0 i
*>i192.168.12.0     192.168.250.12           0    100      0 i
*> 192.168.20.0     0.0.0.0                  0         32768 i
*>i192.168.21.0     192.168.250.11           0    100      0 i
*>i192.168.22.0     192.168.250.12           0    100      0 i
*> 192.168.30.0     0.0.0.0                  0         32768 i
*>i192.168.31.0     192.168.250.11           0    100      0 i
*>i192.168.32.0     192.168.250.12           0    100      0 i
* i192.168.250.0    192.168.250.11           0    100      0 i
* i                 192.168.250.12           0    100      0 i
*>                  0.0.0.0                  0         32768 i

Displayed  13 routes and 15 total paths

OSPF

Enable OSPF

To enable OSPF routing, make sure that ospfd: true is configured under:

frr_daemons:
  bfdd: false
  bgpd: false
  isisd: false
  ldpd: false
  nhrpd: false
  ospf6d: false
  ospfd: false
  pimd: false
  ripd: false
  ripngd: false
  zebra: true

Configuring OSPF

In order to configure OSPF, define the following based on your requirements:

frr_ospf:
  areas:
    0:
      networks:
        - "{{ frr_router_id }}/32"
    1:
      networks:
        - "{{ hostvars[inventory_hostname]['ansible_enp0s8']['ipv4']['address'] }}/24"
      auth: true

    2:
      networks:
        - "{{ hostvars[inventory_hostname]['ansible_enp0s9']['ipv4']['address'] }}/24"
      type: nssa

  log_adjacency_changes: true
  passive_interfaces: # A list of interfaces to set passive
    - default
  redistribute: # A list of protocols to redistribute
    - bgp
    - connected
    - kernel
    - ospf
    - static
  distribute_list:
    - name: 10
      dir: out
      protocol: connected

STATIC

Configuring STATIC routes

In order to configure static routes, define the following based on your requirements:

frr_static: # A dict. key = destination, value = nexthop
  10.0.0.0/8: 192.168.1.1
  1.1.1.1: 192.168.1.1
  1.1.1.2: blackhole
frr_static_v6: # A dict. key = destination, value = nexthop
  2001:0db8:85a3:8a2e::/64 2001::1

Interface Configuration

Interfaces

frr_interfaces: # A dict. key = iface name, value = iface data
  lo:
    ip: 10.0.0.0/32 # ip can be a single value or list
    ipv6: 2001:0db8:85a3:8a2e::1/64 # ipv6 can be a single value or list
    description: loopback
  eth0:
    ip: # ip can be a single value or list
      - 10.0.0.0/32
      - 172.16.0.0/32
    ipv6: # ipv6 can be a single value or list
      - 2001:0db8:85a3:8a2e::1/64
      - 2001:0db8:85a3:8a2e::2/64
    auth:
      id: 1
      key: supersecret
    other:
      - "no ipv6 nd suppress-ra"
      - "link-detect"

Upgrade/Downgrade

NOTE: FRR is unable to be downgraded from 6.0.2 using this role.

You can upgrade or downgrade FRR by setting the following variable:

frr_version: 6.0.2 from frr_version: 6.0

Quagga configuration

NOTE: Quagga must be installed from the local repos of the OS

You can configure quagga instead of FRR by using the following variable:

routing_type: quagga

Additional Quagga-specific configurations

frr_bgp:
  asns:
    65000:
      neighbors:
        swp1:
          **interface: true**

License

MIT

Author Information

Larry Smith Jr.

NOTE: Repo has been created/updated using https://github.com/mrlesmithjr/cookiecutter-ansible-role as a template.

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