Circle median filter toolbox (CMF)
This toolbox contains a fast algorithm for median filtering of signals and images with values on the unit circle, for example phase or orientation data. The (arc distance) median filter for an image y with values on the unit circle is given by
where d denotes the arc distance length of two angles, and r, t are the horizontal and vertical "radii" of the filter mask.
The code is a reference implementation (in C++ with Matlab wrappers) of the algorithms described in the paper:
Martin Storath, Andreas Weinmann. Fast median filtering for phase or orientation data. IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, 40(3):639-652, 2018 (preprint)
Left: A circle-valued image, i.e. every pixel takes its value on the unit circle (or in angular representation a value in (-pi, pi]). The values are visualized as hue component in the HSV color space. Right: Effect of the circle-median filter using a filter mask of size 7 × 7.
The time complexity w.r.t. the size of the filter mask is
- linear for non-quantized data
- constant for quantized data
Smoothing of orientation data, e.g. wind directions
Smoothing of vector fields in polar coordinates, e.g. optical flow images
- demos: some demos, self explanatory (implemented in Matlab)
- auxiliary: some useful helper functions (implemented in Matlab)
- filters: the fast algorithms for median filtering of circle valued data (implemented in C++ with Matlab wrappers)
Installation and usage
- From Matlab: Run CMF_install.m in the Matlab console and follow the demos
- From C++: Compile CMF_library.cpp. The relevant functions are medfiltCirc2D and medfiltCirc2DQuant. Their usage is described as comment in the CMF_library.cpp file.
How to cite
- M. Storath, A. Weinmann. Fast median filtering for phase or orientation data. IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, 40(3):639-652, 2018
- S. Quan et al. Derivation of the Orientation Parameters in Built-Up Areas: With Application to Model-Based Decomposition. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 2018
- H. Salmane et al. A method for the automated detection of solar radio bursts in dynamic spectra. J. Space Weather Space Clim. 2018