What is MySQL?
MySQL is the world's most popular open source database. With its proven performance, reliability, and ease-of-use, MySQL has become the leading choice of database for web applications of all sorts, ranging from personal websites and small online shops all the way to large-scale, high profile web operations like Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube.
For more information and related downloads for MySQL Server and other MySQL products, please visit http://www.mysql.com.
Supported Tags and Respective Dockerfile Links
The MySQL Docker images maintained by the MySQL team are built specifically for Linux platforms. Other platforms are not supported, and users using these MySQL Docker images on them are doing so at their own risk. See the discussion here for some known limitations for running these containers on non-Linux operating systems.
These are tags for some of the optimized MySQL Server Docker images, created and maintained by the MySQL team at Oracle (for a full list, see the Tags tab of this page). [DS] The tags are updated directly on the posted Markdown versions by RE after eahc release, so it might remain outdated in this DocBook source file.
MySQL Server 8.0 is also available for AArch64 (ARM64), using the same tags.
Images are updated when new MySQL Server maintenance releases and development milestones are published. Please note that any non-GA releases are for preview purposes only and should not be used in production setups.
We also from time to time publish special MySQL Server images that contain experimental features.
Where to file issues: Please submit a bug report at http://bugs.mysql.com under the category “MySQL Package Repos and Docker Images”.
Maintained by: The MySQL team at Oracle
Source of this image: The Image repository for the
Supported Docker versions: The latest stable release is supported. Support for older versions (down to 1.0) is provided on a best-effort basis, but we strongly recommend using the most recent stable Docker version, which this documentation assumes.
How to Use the MySQL Images
Downloading a MySQL Server Docker Image
Downloading the server image in a separate step is not strictly necessary; however, performing this before you create your Docker container ensures your local image is up to date.
To download the MySQL Community Edition image, run this command:
shell> docker pull mysql/mysql-server:tag
Refer to the list of supported tags above. If
:tag is omitted, the
latest tag is used, and the image for the latest GA version of MySQL Server is downloaded.
Starting a MySQL Server Instance
Start a new Docker container for the MySQL Community Server with this command:
shell> docker run --name=mysql1 -d mysql/mysql-server:tag
--name option, for supplying a custom name for your server container (
mysql1 in the example), is optional; if no container name is supplied, a random one is generated. If the Docker image of the specified name and tag has not been downloaded by an earlier
docker pull or
docker run command, the image is now downloaded. After download completes, initialization for the container begins, and the container appears in the list of running containers when you run the
docker ps command; for example:
shell> docker ps CONTAINER ID IMAGE COMMAND CREATED STATUS PORTS NAMES a24888f0d6f4 mysql/mysql-server "/entrypoint.sh my..." 14 seconds ago Up 13 seconds (health: starting) 3306/tcp, 33060/tcp mysql1
The container initialization might take some time. When the server is ready for use, the
STATUS of the container in the output of the
docker ps command changes from
(health: starting) to
-d option used in the
docker run command above makes the container run in the background. Use this command to monitor the output from the container:
shell> docker logs mysql1
Once initialization is finished, the command's output is going to contain the random password generated for the root user; check the password with, for example, this command:
shell> docker logs mysql1 2>&1 | grep GENERATED GENERATED ROOT PASSWORD: Axegh3kAJyDLaRuBemecis&EShOs
Connecting to MySQL Server from within the Container
Once the server is ready, you can run the
mysql client within the MySQL Server container you just started and connect it to the MySQL Server. Use the
docker exec -it command to start a
mysql client inside the Docker container you have started, like this:
shell> docker exec -it mysql1 mysql -uroot -p
When asked, enter the generated root password (see the instructions above on how to find it). Because the
MYSQL_ONETIME_PASSWORD option is true by default, after you have connected a
mysql client to the server, you must reset the server root password by issuing this statement:
mysql> ALTER USER 'root'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'password';
password with the password of your choice. Once the password is reset, the server is ready for use.
Products Included in the Container
A number of MySQL products are included in the Docker container you created with the MySQL Server Docker image:
MySQL Shell. See the MySQL Shell User Guide for documentation of the product.
More Topics on Deploying MySQL Server with Docker
For more topics on deploying MySQL Server with Docker like starting and connecting to the server, server configuration, persisting data and configuration, server error log, server upgrades, and the Docker environment variables, see Deploying MySQL Server with Docker in the MySQL Server manual.