Firejail is a SUID sandbox program that reduces the risk of security breaches by restricting the running environment of untrusted applications using Linux namespaces, seccomp-bpf and Linux capabilities. It allows a process and all its descendants to have their own private view of the globally shared kernel resources, such as the network stack, process table, mount table. Firejail can work in a SELinux or AppArmor environment, and it is integrated with Linux Control Groups.
Written in C with virtually no dependencies, the software runs on any Linux computer with a 3.x kernel version or newer. It can sandbox any type of processes: servers, graphical applications, and even user login sessions. The software includes sandbox profiles for a number of more common Linux programs, such as Mozilla Firefox, Chromium, VLC, Transmission etc.
The sandbox is lightweight, the overhead is low. There are no complicated configuration files to edit, no socket connections open, no daemons running in the background. All security features are implemented directly in Linux kernel and available on any Linux computer.
Project webpage: https://firejail.wordpress.com/
Download and Installation: https://firejail.wordpress.com/download-2/
Travis-CI status: https://travis-ci.org/netblue30/firejail
Compile and install
$ git clone https://github.com/netblue30/firejail.git $ cd firejail $ ./configure && make && sudo make install-strip
On Debian/Ubuntu you will need to install git and a compiler:
$ sudo apt-get install git build-essential
Running the sandbox
To start the sandbox, prefix your command with “firejail”:
$ firejail firefox # starting Mozilla Firefox $ firejail transmission-gtk # starting Transmission BitTorrent $ firejail vlc # starting VideoLAN Client $ sudo firejail /etc/init.d/nginx start
Run "firejail --list" in a terminal to list all active sandboxes. Example:
$ firejail --list 1617:netblue:/usr/bin/firejail /usr/bin/firefox-esr 7719:netblue:/usr/bin/firejail /usr/bin/transmission-qt 7779:netblue:/usr/bin/firejail /usr/bin/galculator 7874:netblue:/usr/bin/firejail /usr/bin/vlc --started-from-file file:///home/netblue/firejail-whitelist.mp4 7916:netblue:firejail --list
Integrate your sandbox into your desktop by running the following two commands:
$ firecfg --fix-sound $ sudo firecfg
The first command solves some shared memory/PID namespace bugs in PulseAudio software prior to version 9. The second command integrates Firejail into your desktop. You would need to logout and login back to apply PulseAudio changes.
Start your programs the way you are used to: desktop manager menus, file manager, desktop launchers. The integration applies to any program supported by default by Firejail. There are about 250 default applications in current Firejail version, and the number goes up with every new release. We keep the application list in /usr/lib/firejail/firecfg.config file.
Most Firejail command line options can be passed to the sandbox using profile files. You can find the profiles for all supported applications in /etc/firejail directory.
If you keep additional Firejail security profiles in a public repository, please give us a link:
Use this issue to request new profiles: #1139
We also keep a list of profile fixes for previous released versions in etc-fixes directory .
Current development version: 0.9.59