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ArduinoMenu 4

Generic menu/interactivity system for the arduino framework

License: LGPL-2.1+ Build Status Donate Join Gitter


Full automated or user code driven navigation system. With this system you can define menus, submenus, input fields and other iteration objects that deal with all input/output and can call user defined handler as a result of user iteration. The user function can be operated as a single action called on click/enter or as a event driven function responding to focus In/Out or Enter/Esc events. The system is designed as a non blocking polling system, allowing concurrent task to run. Optionally the system can be operated in semi-automated mode, issuing navigation command from user code.

See the wiki

COVID-19 note

If you need this menu for any device covid-19 related, be my guest, I grant you free usage even if you going to sell the device

This menu system has the advantage of being long tested and supporting many interface devices so that makers don't be restricted in hardware.

Simple Example

#include <menu.h>
#include <menuIO/serialOut.h>
#include <menuIO/chainStream.h>
#include <menuIO/serialIn.h>

using namespace Menu;

#define MAX_DEPTH 1

unsigned int timeOn=10;
unsigned int timeOff=90;

MENU(mainMenu, "Blink menu", Menu::doNothing, Menu::noEvent, Menu::wrapStyle
  ,FIELD(timeOn,"On","ms",0,1000,10,1, Menu::doNothing, Menu::noEvent, Menu::noStyle)
  ,FIELD(timeOff,"Off","ms",0,10000,10,1,Menu::doNothing, Menu::noEvent, Menu::noStyle)

serialIn serial(Serial);

  ,NONE//must have 2 items at least


void setup() {
  pinMode(LEDPIN, OUTPUT);
  Serial.println("Menu 4.x");
  Serial.println("Use keys + - * /");
  Serial.println("to control the menu navigation");

bool blink(int timeOn,int timeOff) {return millis()%(unsigned long)(timeOn+timeOff)<(unsigned long)timeOn;}

void loop() {
  digitalWrite(LEDPIN, blink(timeOn,timeOff));


  • Small footprint on RAM using PROGMEM on system where it is available.
  • Wide variety of input/output devices supported.
  • Easy to define menus (macros).
  • Minimalistic user code base.
  • Fields edit values hooked to existing program variables (references).
  • Editing text fields with per character validation.
  • Fields can edit numeric variables of any type (templates).
  • Reflexive fields, showing variable changes done outside the menu system.
  • Numerical field edit and range validation.
  • Enumerated fields for numeric and non-numeric types
  • Customizable (colors and cursors).
  • Able to work over Serial stream IO as a base level.
  • Supports multiple inputs and outputs in parallel.
  • static allocation of RAM, avoiding heap fragmentation, all RAM needed to define menu structure is allocated at program startup.
  • events available for menus and prompts
  • simply returns when no input available and no needed to draw.
  • lazy drawing, only draws when changed, avoiding time consumption and flicking.
  • sync/async navigation API functions
  • async navigation for stateless clients (as web)
  • web interface (experimental)
  • can be confined to a display area (numeric fields can still overflow the area, user should take account for them)
  • Tested on Arduino AVR's & ARM, Teensy, ESP8266, Esp32, nRF52, STM32




Plugins are particular menu combinations or item customized behaviors and/or drawing.

Some plugins might be platform specific or require some hardware.

  • barField - displays a bar for numeric field on LCD
  • cancelField - allows to restore previous numeric value on escape.
  • SDMenu - full automated SD Card file picker, using standard Arduino SD lib.
  • SdFatMenu - full automated SD Card file picker, using standard SdFat (


Some applications/tutorials using ArduinoMenu, (current and older versions).
Do you have another? please let me know on gitter or email me.

Arduino script for temperature sensor and timer. It allows to turn on heater and light accordingly to schedule

Project-GlassKilnController electrically-heated kiln for making "Warm Glass"

ArduinoMenu demo TTGO T-Display awesome tutorial.

mvc-interface ArduinoMenu tutorial

Arduino Automatic Copper Tape Cutter

Reloading powder hopper level gauge and alarm

ServoBox Servo tester & monitor

PANOBOT A Panorama robot

teensy-midi-looper Microcontroller-based midi performance sequencer

AmplifierControl Automate procedure to switch on/off amplifier and band decode of Kenwood

spna An Arduino Single Port Network Analyzer (SPNA)

LRDuino In car multi gauge system - STM32, SSD1306, MAX31856, ADXL345, ELM327

LRDuinoTD5 In car multi gauge system - STM32, SSD1306, MAX31856, ADXL345, L9637D, TD5 ECU

thom-radio Internet radio build

MIDI_drums 7 chanel piezo MIDI drum box with menu on LCD


swatili 50l water meter with valve control, lcd, buttons, rtc and hall effect pulse reader

Fielduino hardware PWM generator using menu to select frequency and dutty.

ArduinoMultiDesktop MultiDesktop concept for hardware devices


console.arduino Portable serial debug console project using ILI9341


Atmel AVR, Atmel SAM, Espressif 32, Espressif 8266, Intel ARC32, Microchip PIC32, Nordic nRF51, Nordic nRF52, ST STM32, Teensy, TI MSP430


Arduino IDE - Install using the library manager (ArduinoMenu library - Rui Azevedo)

Platformio -

IO devices

Output devices


  • Serial monitor.

Standard arduino LCD library

  • hd44780

F Malpartida's LCDs

  • HD44780 direct
  • HD44780 I2C
  • HD44780 SPI

Matthias Hertel PCF8574 driver

  • HD44780

Arduino TFT devices


  • OLED Screens based on SSD1306 controller


An Arduino IDE compatible graphics and fonts library for ESP8266 and ESP32

  • ILI9341, ILI9163, ST7735, S6D02A1, ILI9481, ILI9486, ILI9488, HX8357D, ST7789, ILI9486
  • Waveshare 2 and 3 colour SPI ePaper displays

TFT_HX8357 driver

  • HX8357B, HX8357C, ILI9481 and ILI9486

Adafruit's GFX devices

  • RGBmatrixPanel, 16x32 and 32x32 RGB LED matrix panels.
  • Adafruit_TFTLCD, 2.8" TFT LCD touchscreen breakout and TFT Touch Shield for Arduino.
  • Adafruit_HX8340B, 2.2" TFT Display with microSD.
  • Adafruit_ST7735, 1.8" TFT Display with microSD.
  • Adafruit_PCD8544, for the Nokia 5110/3310 monochrome LCD.
  • Adafruit-Graphic-VFD-Display-Library, for 128x64 Graphic VFD.
  • Adafruit-SSD1331-OLED-Driver-Library-for-Arduino for the 0.96" 16-bit Color OLED w/microSD Holder.
  • Adafruit_SSD1306 for the Monochrome 128x64 and 128x32 OLEDs.

UTFT devices

  • ITDB02 series - ITead Studio
  • TFT01 series - ElecFreaks
  • RGB LCD - NKC Electronics.

U8glib devices

SSD1306, 128x64, SSD1306, 128x32, SSD1306, 64x48, SSD1309, 128x64, SSD1322, 256x64, SSD1325, 128x64, SSD1327, 96x96, SH1106, 128x64, UC1601, 128x32, UC1608, 240x64, UC1610, 160x104, UC1611, 240x64, UC1611, 240x128, UC1701, 128x64, UC1701, 102x64, ST7565, 128x64, ST7565, 128x32, ST7920, 128x64, ST7920, 192x32, ST7920, 202x32, LD7032, 60x32, PCD8544, 84x48, TLS8204 , 84x48, PCF8812 , 96x65, KS0108 , 128x64, T6963, 128x64, T6963, 128x128, T6963, 240x64, T6963, 240x128, SBN1661, 122x32, LC7981, 160x80, LC7981, 240x64, LC7981, 240x128, LC7981, 320x64, SSD1351, HT1632, 24x16, Flipdisk, 28x14, Virtual Screen Device

U8G2 and U8x8 devices

SSD1305 128X32_NONAME, SSD1305 128X32_NONAME, SSD1305 128X64_ADAFRUIT, SSD1305 128X64_ADAFRUIT, SSD1306 128X64_NONAME, SSD1306 128X64_VCOMH0, SSD1306 128X64_ALT0, SSD1306 128X64_NONAME, SSD1306 128X64_VCOMH0, SSD1306 128X64_ALT0, SH1106 128X64_NONAME, SH1106 128X64_VCOMH0, SH1106 128X64_WINSTAR, SH1106 128X64_NONAME, SH1106 128X64_VCOMH0, SH1106 128X64_WINSTAR, SH1106 72X40_WISE, SH1106 72X40_WISE, SH1106 64X32, SH1106 64X32, SH1107 64X128, SH1107 64X128, SH1107 SEEED_96X96, SH1107 SEEED_96X96, SH1107 128X128, SH1107 128X128, SH1122 256X64, SH1122 256X64, SSD1306 128X32_UNIVISION, SSD1306 128X32_UNIVISION, SSD1306 64X48_ER, SSD1306 64X48_ER, SSD1306 48X64_WINSTAR, SSD1306 48X64_WINSTAR, SSD1306 64X32_NONAME, SSD1306 64X32_1F, SSD1306 64X32_NONAME, SSD1306 64X32_1F, SSD1306 96X16_ER, SSD1306 96X16_ER, SSD1309 128X64_NONAME2, SSD1309 128X64_NONAME2, SSD1309 128X64_NONAME0, SSD1309 128X64_NONAME0, SSD1325 NHD_128X64, SSD1325 NHD_128X64, SSD1326 ER_256X32, SSD1326 ER_256X32, SSD1327 SEEED_96X96, SSD1327 SEEED_96X96, SSD1327 MIDAS_128X128, SSD1327 MIDAS_128X128, SSD1329 128X96_NONAME, LD7032 60X32, LD7032 60X32, ST7920 192X32, ST7920 192X32, ST7920 192X32, ST7920 128X64, ST7920 128X64, ST7920 128X64, LS013B7DH03 128X128, UC1701 EA_DOGS102, UC1701 MINI12864, PCD8544 84X48, PCF8812 96X65, HX1230 96X68, UC1604 JLX19264, UC1604 JLX19264, UC1608 ERC24064, UC1608 ERC24064, UC1608 ERC240120, UC1608 ERC240120, UC1608 240X128, UC1608 240X128, UC1638 160X128, UC1610 EA_DOGXL160, UC1610 EA_DOGXL160, UC1611 EA_DOGM240, UC1611 EA_DOGM240, UC1611 EA_DOGXL240, UC1611 EA_DOGXL240, UC1611 EW50850, UC1611 EW50850, ST7565 EA_DOGM128, ST7565 64128N, ST7565 ZOLEN_128X64, ST7565 LM6059, ST7565 LX12864, ST7565 ERC12864, ST7565 NHD_C12864, ST7565 JLX12864, ST7565 NHD_C12832, UC1601 128X32, UC1601 128X32, ST7565 EA_DOGM132, ST7567 PI_132X64, ST7567 JLX12864, ST7567 ENH_DG128064, ST7567 ENH_DG128064I, ST7588 JLX12864, ST7588 JLX12864, ST75256 JLX256128, ST75256 JLX256128, ST75256 JLX256160, ST75256 JLX256160, ST75256 JLX240160, ST75256 JLX240160, ST75256 JLX25664, ST75256 JLX25664, ST75256 JLX172104, ST75256 JLX172104, NT7534 TG12864R, IST3020 ERC19264, SBN1661 122X32, SED1520 122X32, KS0108 128X64, KS0108 ERM19264, LC7981 160X80, LC7981 160X160, LC7981 240X128, T6963 240X128, T6963 240X64, T6963 256X64, T6963 128X64, SSD1322 NHD_256X64, SSD1322 NHD_128X64, SSD1606 172X72, SSD1607 200X200, SSD1607 GD_200X200, IL3820 296X128, IL3820 V2_296X128, SED1330 240X128, RA8835 NHD_240X128, RA8835 320X240, MAX7219 32X8, A2PRINTER 384X240

UCGLib devices

ST7735, ILI9163, ILI9325, ILI9341, ILI9486, LD50T6160, PCF8833, SEPS225, SSD1331, SSD1351, HX8352C

Serial ANSI terminal

  • Unix terminal

Grove RGB LCD I2C 2x16

Web browser

  • ESP8266 (builtin)


  • ESP8266 (builtin)


  • ESP8266 (builtin)

note: esp8266 will require a streaming library even if not using web interface, along with #include <menuIO/esp8266Out.h>

depending on your output driver it may be one of (can install both)

Input devices


quadEncoder - Generic encoder using PCINT (builtin)

Buttons - simple digital keyboard (builtin)

Generic keyboard (no PCINT) - configurable for digital or analog keyboards (builtin)

Analog Joystick


Matrix keypad

PCF8574 based i2c matrix keypad

User defined input calling menu navigation API

Web browser (experimental) when using ESP devices


This library depends on the following libraries:

Depending on the type of input or output, other libraries might be needed. Essentially any library needed for your devices.


  • when using macros the menu is limited to 16 options (current macro limnit).
  • menus must have at least 2 options when built using macros.
  • maximum 127 options.
  • fast access (numeric keys) only supports 9 options (1 to 9)
  • prompts can overflow on panels with less than 4 characters width
  • menu system is character based, so choose monometric font to achieve best results, it will work with any font but the text can overflow.


  • Character based information display.
  • Line based menu organization.
  • Stream IO + specializations.


more info at

wiki pages, issues or

Errors / Sugestions

Please report errors, problems or enhancement ideas, I apreciate the feedback. Thanks.

On issues report please specify the input and output drivers or devices as well as target platform.


encoder now needs begin() to be called on setup (2.x)

input is read from generic streams, included simple streams for encoders and keyboards - provided encoder driver uses internal pull-ups and reverse logic

multiple stream packing for input to mix encoder stream with encoder keyboard (usually 1 or 2 keys)



  • SdFat plugin and example
  • EscControl examle
  • support Bodmer/TFT_eSPI
  • SDCard file picker plugin
  • Allow virtual/dynamic data custom menus
  • alternative key driver with explicit pin modes
  • More examples
  • Text edit fields with validation *
  • Pad style menus (horizontal list)
  • inline pad menus can input custom formats like IP/Date/Time, experimental and just for devices that can position a cursor
  • Plugins, alternative menu items potentially device specific
  • Allow multiple concurrent menus
  • Support UCGLib displays
  • Support U8x8 displays
  • Support Arduino TFT
  • Support PCF8574 I2C LCD
  • Support Analog Joystick input
  • Added input burst config option
  • VALUEOBJ macro, user allocated values
  • menuIn class for menu inputs (allows device field invertion) *
  • some options have been distributed to some other classes
  • allow dynamic menu construction (ram) even for AVR's

* API changes


invertFieldKeys option removed, invertion is now supported by specific menuIn objects.

regression: still needed to ease simple input cases.

numValueInput moved to menuIn object

navRoot extra options, previously on global options object

bool nav2D=false;//not used
bool canExit=true;//v4.0 moved from global options
bool useUpdateEvent=false;//if false, use enterEvent when field value is changed.
idx_t inputBurst=1;//limit of inputs that can be processed before output
Serial input

Serial is no longer accepted as an input directly, use serialIn instead

prompt base API

printTo member function changed from:

Used printTo(navRoot&,bool,menuOut&,idx_t,idx_t);


Used printTo(navRoot&,bool,menuOut&,idx_t,idx_t,idx_t=0);

this should only affect customized components

inputs are now from class menuIn, derived from Stream but including flag functions for field axis inversion per input class.


  • complete revision of menu control system
    • menu structure separated in ram objects and flash objects
    • using separate navigation control objects navNode
    • central navigation control object navRoot
    • using event for all menu objects (focus, blur, enter, exit).
    • multiple panels
    • color enumeration at base level
    • multiple output devices in parallel
    • define exit as regular option
    • limiting text width to prevent overflow


  • support for teensy (tested on 3.2)
  • new field type SELECT
  • reflexivity, fields reflect external changes to values
  • store field strings to progmem
  • automatic use of RAM on system without PROGMEM


  • action functions now need to return bool (only affects menus)

false = continue menu

true = exit menu

  • Support for U8GLib screens
  • alternative use ClickEncoder
  • using flash memory to store menu strings and lists (PROGMEM)


  • non-blocking menu main cycle
  • Menufields as menu prompts with associated value values can be: numeric withing range list of values toggled on click (for small lists) list of values selected as submenu (for longer lists)
  • PCINT now supports Mega/2560 and possibly others


  • basic menu functionality