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docker-gen

Tests GitHub release Docker Image Size Docker stars Docker pulls

docker-gen is a file generator that renders templates using docker container meta-data.

It can be used to generate various kinds of files for:

  • Centralized logging - fluentd, logstash or other centralized logging tools that tail the containers JSON log file or files within the container.
  • Log Rotation - logrotate files to rotate container JSON log files
  • Reverse Proxy Configs - nginx, haproxy, etc. reverse proxy configs to route requests from the host to containers
  • Service Discovery - Scripts (python, bash, etc..) to register containers within etcd, hipache, etc..

===

Installation

There are three common ways to run docker-gen:

  • on the host
  • bundled in a container with another application
  • separate standalone containers

Host Install

Linux/OSX binaries for release 0.7.6

Download the version you need, untar, and install to your PATH.

$ wget https://github.com/nginx-proxy/docker-gen/releases/download/0.7.6/docker-gen-linux-amd64-0.7.6.tar.gz
$ tar xvzf docker-gen-linux-amd64-0.7.6.tar.gz
$ ./docker-gen

Bundled Container Install

Docker-gen can be bundled inside of a container along-side applications.

nginx-proxy/nginx-proxy trusted build is an example of running docker-gen within a container along-side nginx. jwilder/docker-register is an example of running docker-gen within a container to do service registration with etcd.

Separate Container Install

It can also be run as two separate containers using the nginx-proxy/docker-gen image, together with virtually any other image.

This is how you could run the official nginx image and have docker-gen generate a reverse proxy config in the same way that nginx-proxy works. You may want to do this to prevent having the docker socket bound to a publicly exposed container service.

Start nginx with a shared volume:

$ docker run -d -p 80:80 --name nginx -v /tmp/nginx:/etc/nginx/conf.d -t nginx

Fetch the template and start the docker-gen container with the shared volume:

$ mkdir -p /tmp/templates && cd /tmp/templates
$ curl -o nginx.tmpl https://raw.githubusercontent.com/nginx-proxy/docker-gen/main/templates/nginx.tmpl
$ docker run -d --name nginx-gen --volumes-from nginx \
   -v /var/run/docker.sock:/tmp/docker.sock:rw \
   -v /tmp/templates:/etc/docker-gen/templates \
   -t nginxproxy/docker-gen -notify-sighup nginx -watch -only-exposed /etc/docker-gen/templates/nginx.tmpl /etc/nginx/conf.d/default.conf

===

Usage

$ docker-gen
Usage: docker-gen [options] template [dest]

Generate files from docker container meta-data

Options:
  -config value
      config files with template directives. Config files will be merged if this option is specified multiple times. (default [])
  -endpoint string
      docker api endpoint (tcp|unix://..). Default unix:///var/run/docker.sock
  -interval int
      notify command interval (secs)
  -keep-blank-lines
      keep blank lines in the output file
  -notify restart xyz
      run command after template is regenerated (e.g restart xyz)
  -notify-output
      log the output(stdout/stderr) of notify command
  -notify-container container-ID
      container to send a signal to
  -notify-signal signal
      signal to send to the -notify-container. -1 to call docker restart. Defaults to 1 aka. HUP.
      All available signals available on the [dockerclient](https://github.com/fsouza/go-dockerclient/blob/01804dec8a84d0a77e63611f2b62d33e9bb2b64a/signal.go)
  -notify-sighup container-ID
      send HUP signal to container.  Equivalent to 'docker kill -s HUP container-ID', or `-notify-container container-ID -notify-signal 1`
  -only-exposed
      only include containers with exposed ports
  -only-published
      only include containers with published ports (implies -only-exposed)
  -include-stopped
      include stopped containers
  -tlscacert string
      path to TLS CA certificate file (default "/Users/jason/.docker/machine/machines/default/ca.pem")
  -tlscert string
      path to TLS client certificate file (default "/Users/jason/.docker/machine/machines/default/cert.pem")
  -tlskey string
      path to TLS client key file (default "/Users/jason/.docker/machine/machines/default/key.pem")
  -tlsverify
      verify docker daemon's TLS certicate (default true)
  -version
      show version
  -watch
      watch for container changes
  -wait
      minimum (and/or maximum) duration to wait after each container change before triggering

Arguments:
  template - path to a template to generate
  dest - path to write the template. If not specfied, STDOUT is used

Environment Variables:
  DOCKER_HOST - default value for -endpoint
  DOCKER_CERT_PATH - directory path containing key.pem, cert.pm and ca.pem
  DOCKER_TLS_VERIFY - enable client TLS verification]

If no <dest> file is specified, the output is sent to stdout. Mainly useful for debugging.

Configuration file

Using the -config flag from above you can tell docker-gen to use the specified config file instead of command-line options. Multiple templates can be defined and they will be executed in the order that they appear in the config file.

An example configuration file, docker-gen.cfg can be found in the examples folder.

Configuration File Syntax

[[config]]
Starts a configuration section

dest = "path/to/a/file"
path to write the template. If not specfied, STDOUT is used

notifycmd = "/etc/init.d/foo reload"
run command after template is regenerated (e.g restart xyz)

onlyexposed = true
only include containers with exposed ports

template = "/path/to/a/template/file.tmpl"
path to a template to generate

watch = true
watch for container changes

wait = "500ms:2s"
debounce changes with a min:max duration. Only applicable if watch = true


[config.NotifyContainers]
Starts a notify container section

containername = 1
container name followed by the signal to send

container_id = 1
or the container id can be used followed by the signal to send

Putting it all together here is an example configuration file.

[[config]]
template = "/etc/nginx/nginx.conf.tmpl"
dest = "/etc/nginx/sites-available/default"
onlyexposed = true
notifycmd = "/etc/init.d/nginx reload"

[[config]]
template = "/etc/logrotate.conf.tmpl"
dest = "/etc/logrotate.d/docker"
watch = true

[[config]]
template = "/etc/docker-gen/templates/nginx.tmpl"
dest = "/etc/nginx/conf.d/default.conf"
watch = true
wait = "500ms:2s"

[config.NotifyContainers]
nginx = 1  # 1 is a signal number to be sent; here SIGHUP
e75a60548dc9 = 1  # a key can be either container name (nginx) or ID

===

Templating

The templates used by docker-gen are written using the Go text/template language. In addition to the built-in functions supplied by Go, docker-gen uses sprig and some additional functions to make it simpler (or possible) to generate your desired output.

Emit Structure

Within the templates, the object emitted by docker-gen will be a structure consisting of following Go structs:

type RuntimeContainer struct {
    ID           string
    Addresses    []Address
    Networks     []Network
    Gateway      string
    Name         string
    Hostname     string
    Image        DockerImage
    Env          map[string]string
    Volumes      map[string]Volume
    Node         SwarmNode
    Labels       map[string]string
    IP           string
    IP6LinkLocal string
    IP6Global    string
    Mounts       []Mount
    State        State
}

type Address struct {
    IP           string
    IP6LinkLocal string
    IP6Global    string
    Port         string
    HostPort     string
    Proto        string
    HostIP       string
}

type Network struct {
    IP                  string
    Name                string
    Gateway             string
    EndpointID          string
    IPv6Gateway         string
    GlobalIPv6Address   string
    MacAddress          string
    GlobalIPv6PrefixLen int
    IPPrefixLen         int
}

type DockerImage struct {
    Registry   string
    Repository string
    Tag        string
}

type Mount struct {
  Name        string
  Source      string
  Destination string
  Driver      string
  Mode        string
  RW          bool
}

type Volume struct {
    Path      string
    HostPath  string
    ReadWrite bool
}

type SwarmNode struct {
    ID      string
    Name    string
    Address Address
}

type State struct {
  Running bool
}

// Accessible from the root in templates as .Docker
type Docker struct {
    Name                 string
    NumContainers        int
    NumImages            int
    Version              string
    ApiVersion           string
    GoVersion            string
    OperatingSystem      string
    Architecture         string
    CurrentContainerID   string
}

// Host environment variables accessible from root in templates as .Env

For example, this is a JSON version of an emitted RuntimeContainer struct:

{
   "ID":"71e9768075836eb38557adcfc71a207386a0c597dbeda240cf905df79b18cebf",
   "Addresses":[
      {
         "IP":"172.17.0.4",
         "Port":"22",
         "Proto":"tcp",
         "HostIP":"192.168.10.24",
         "HostPort":"2222"
      }
   ],
   "Gateway":"172.17.42.1",
   "Node": {
       "ID":"I2VY:P7PF:TZD5:PGWB:QTI7:QDSP:C5UD:DYKR:XKKK:TRG2:M2BL:DFUN",
       "Name":"docker-test",
       "Address": {
           "IP":"192.168.10.24"
       }
   },
   "Labels": {
       "operatingsystem":"Ubuntu 14.04.2 LTS",
       "storagedriver":"devicemapper",
       "anything_foo":"something_bar"
   },
   "IP":"172.17.0.4",
   "Name":"docker_register",
   "Hostname":"71e976807583",
   "Image":{
      "Registry":"jwilder",
      "Repository":"docker-register"
   },
   "Env":{
      "ETCD_HOST":"172.17.42.1:4001",
      "PATH":"/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/bin",
      "DOCKER_HOST":"unix:///var/run/docker.sock",
      "HOST_IP":"172.17.42.1"
   },
   "Volumes":{
      "/mnt":{
         "Path":"/mnt",
         "HostPath":"/Users/joebob/tmp",
         "ReadWrite":true
      }
   }
}

Functions

  • Functions from Go
  • Functions from Sprig v3, except for those that have the same name as one of the following functions.
  • closest $array $value: Returns the longest matching substring in $array that matches $value
  • coalesce ...: Returns the first non-nil argument.
  • contains $map $key: Returns true if $map contains $key. Takes maps from string to any type.
  • dir $path: Returns an array of filenames in the specified $path.
  • exists $path: Returns true if $path refers to an existing file or directory. Takes a string.
  • groupBy $containers $fieldPath: Groups an array of RuntimeContainer instances based on the values of a field path expression $fieldPath. A field path expression is a dot-delimited list of map keys or struct member names specifying the path from container to a nested value, which must be a string. Returns a map from the value of the field path expression to an array of containers having that value. Containers that do not have a value for the field path in question are omitted.
  • groupByKeys $containers $fieldPath: Returns the same as groupBy but only returns the keys of the map.
  • groupByMulti $containers $fieldPath $sep: Like groupBy, but the string value specified by $fieldPath is first split by $sep into a list of strings. A container whose $fieldPath value contains a list of strings will show up in the map output under each of those strings.
  • groupByLabel $containers $label: Returns the same as groupBy but grouping by the given label's value.
  • intersect $slice1 $slice2: Returns the strings that exist in both string slices.
  • json $value: Returns the JSON representation of $value as a string.
  • keys $map: Returns the keys from $map. If $map is nil, a nil is returned. If $map is not a map, an error will be thrown.
  • parseBool $string: parseBool returns the boolean value represented by the string. It accepts 1, t, T, TRUE, true, True, 0, f, F, FALSE, false, False. Any other value returns an error. Alias for strconv.ParseBool
  • replace $string $old $new $count: Replaces up to $count occurences of $old with $new in $string. Alias for strings.Replace
  • sha1 $string: Returns the hexadecimal representation of the SHA1 hash of $string.
  • split $string $sep: Splits $string into a slice of substrings delimited by $sep. Alias for strings.Split
  • splitN $string $sep $count: Splits $string into a slice of substrings delimited by $sep, with number of substrings returned determined by $count. Alias for strings.SplitN
  • *sortStringsAsc $strings: Returns a slice of strings $strings sorted in ascending order.
  • *sortStringsDesc $strings: Returns a slice of strings $strings sorted in descending (reverse) order.
  • *sortObjectsByKeysAsc $objects $fieldPath: Returns the array $objects, sorted in ascending order based on the values of a field path expression $fieldPath.
  • *sortObjectsByKeysDesc $objects $fieldPath: Returns the array $objects, sorted in descending (reverse) order based on the values of a field path expression $fieldPath.
  • trimPrefix $prefix $string: If $prefix is a prefix of $string, return $string with $prefix trimmed from the beginning. Otherwise, return $string unchanged.
  • trimSuffix $suffix $string: If $suffix is a suffix of $string, return $string with $suffix trimmed from the end. Otherwise, return $string unchanged.
  • toLower $string: Replace capital letters in $string to lowercase.
  • toUpper $string: Replace lowercase letters in $string to uppercase.
  • when $condition $trueValue $falseValue: Returns the $trueValue when the $condition is true and the $falseValue otherwise
  • where $items $fieldPath $value: Filters an array or slice based on the values of a field path expression $fieldPath. A field path expression is a dot-delimited list of map keys or struct member names specifying the path from container to a nested value. Returns an array of items having that value.
  • whereNot $items $fieldPath $value: Filters an array or slice based on the values of a field path expression $fieldPath. A field path expression is a dot-delimited list of map keys or struct member names specifying the path from container to a nested value. Returns an array of items not having that value.
  • whereExist $items $fieldPath: Like where, but returns only items where $fieldPath exists (is not nil).
  • whereNotExist $items $fieldPath: Like where, but returns only items where $fieldPath does not exist (is nil).
  • whereAny $items $fieldPath $sep $values: Like where, but the string value specified by $fieldPath is first split by $sep into a list of strings. The comparison value is a string slice with possible matches. Returns items which OR intersect these values.
  • whereAll $items $fieldPath $sep $values: Like whereAny, except all $values must exist in the $fieldPath.
  • whereLabelExists $containers $label: Filters a slice of containers based on the existence of the label $label.
  • whereLabelDoesNotExist $containers $label: Filters a slice of containers based on the non-existence of the label $label.
  • whereLabelValueMatches $containers $label $pattern: Filters a slice of containers based on the existence of the label $label with values matching the regular expression $pattern.

===

Examples

NGINX Reverse Proxy Config

nginxproxy/nginx-proxy trusted build.

Start nginx-proxy:

$ docker run -d -p 80:80 -v /var/run/docker.sock:/tmp/docker.sock -t nginxproxy/nginx-proxy

Then start containers with a VIRTUAL_HOST env variable:

$ docker run -e VIRTUAL_HOST=foo.bar.com -t ...

If you wanted to run docker-gen directly on the host, you could do it with:

$ docker-gen -only-published -watch -notify "/etc/init.d/nginx reload" templates/nginx.tmpl /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default

Fluentd Log Management

This template generate a fluentd.conf file used by fluentd. It would then ship log files off the host.

$ docker-gen -watch -notify "restart fluentd" templates/fluentd.tmpl /etc/fluent/fluent.conf

Service Discovery in Etcd

This template is an example of generating a script that is then executed. This template generates a python script that is then executed which register containers in Etcd using its HTTP API.

$ docker-gen -notify "/bin/bash /tmp/etcd.sh" -interval 10 templates/etcd.tmpl /tmp/etcd.sh

Development

This project uses Go Modules for managing 3rd party dependencies. This means that at least go 1.11 is required.

For go 1.11 and go 1.12 it is additionally required to manually enable support by setting GO111MODULE=on. For later versions, this is not required.

$ git clone <your fork>
$ cd <your fork>
$ make get-deps
$ make

TODO

  • Add event status for handling start and stop events differently

License

MIT