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doc: minor updates to releases.md

PR-URL: #30636
Reviewed-By: Richard Lau <riclau@uk.ibm.com>
Reviewed-By: Luigi Pinca <luigipinca@gmail.com>
Reviewed-By: Myles Borins <myles.borins@gmail.com>
Reviewed-By: Michaël Zasso <targos@protonmail.com>
Reviewed-By: Anto Aravinth <anto.aravinth.cse@gmail.com>
Reviewed-By: Yorkie Liu <yorkiefixer@gmail.com>
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BethGriggs authored and MylesBorins committed Nov 25, 2019
1 parent 8b60065 commit 2532bf347dd9625393a89d136d4669dbca0982f2
Showing with 38 additions and 27 deletions.
  1. +38 −27 doc/releases.md
@@ -32,7 +32,7 @@ official release builds for Node.js, hosted on <https://nodejs.org/>.
* [17. Cleanup](#17-cleanup)
* [18. Announce](#18-announce)
* [19. Celebrate](#19-celebrate)
* [Major Releases](#major-Releases)
* [Major Releases](#major-releases)

## Who can make a release?

@@ -81,11 +81,11 @@ access to individuals authorized by the TSC.

### 3. A Publicly Listed GPG Key

A SHASUMS256.txt file is produced for every promoted build, nightly, and
A `SHASUMS256.txt` file is produced for every promoted build, nightly, and
releases. Additionally for releases, this file is signed by the individual
responsible for that release. In order to be able to verify downloaded binaries,
the public should be able to check that the SHASUMS256.txt file has been signed
by someone who has been authorized to create a release.
the public should be able to check that the `SHASUMS256.txt` file has been
signed by someone who has been authorized to create a release.

The GPG keys should be fetchable from a known third-party keyserver. The SKS
Keyservers at <https://sks-keyservers.net> are recommended. Use the
@@ -179,12 +179,13 @@ Carefully review the list of commits:
should only be cherry-picked when appropriate for the type of release being
made.
* If you think it's risky so should wait for a while, add the `baking-for-lts`
tag.
tag.

When cherry-picking commits, if there are simple conflicts you can resolve
them. Otherwise, add the `backport-requested-vN.x` label to the original PR
and post a comment stating that it does not land cleanly and will require a
backport PR.
backport PR. You can refer the owner of the PR to the "[Backporting to Release
Lines](https://github.com/nodejs/node/blob/master/doc/guides/backporting-to-release-lines.md)" guide.

If commits were cherry-picked in this step, check that the test still pass and
push to the staging branch to keep it up-to-date.
@@ -483,7 +484,14 @@ $ npm install -g git-secure-tag
Create a tag using the following command:

```console
$ git secure-tag <vx.y.z> <commit-sha> -sm 'YYYY-MM-DD Node.js vx.y.z (Release Type) Release'
$ git secure-tag <vx.y.z> <commit-sha> -sm "YYYY-MM-DD Node.js vx.y.z (<release-type>) Release"
```

`release-type` is either "Current" or "LTS". For LTS releases, you should also
include the release codename, for example:

```txt
2019-10-22 Node.js v10.17.0 'Dubnium' (LTS) Release
```

The tag **must** be signed using the GPG key that's listed for you on the
@@ -541,18 +549,17 @@ formatting passes the lint rules on `master`.
### 13. Promote and Sign the Release Builds

**The same individual who signed the release tag must be the one
to promote the builds as the SHASUMS256.txt file needs to be signed with the
to promote the builds as the `SHASUMS256.txt` file needs to be signed with the
same GPG key!**

Use `tools/release.sh` to promote and sign the build. When run, it will perform
the following actions:

**a.** Select a GPG key from your private keys. It will use a command similar
to: `gpg --list-secret-keys` to list your keys. If you don't have any keys, it
will bail. (Why are you releasing? Your tag should be signed!) If you have only
one key, it will use that. If you have more than one key it will ask you to
select one from the list. Be sure to use the same key that you signed your git
tag with.
will bail. If you have only one key, it will use that. If you have more than
one key it will ask you to select one from the list. Be sure to use the same
key that you signed your git tag with.

**b.** Log in to the server via SSH and check for releases that can be promoted,
along with the list of artifacts. It will use the `dist-promotable` command on
@@ -563,29 +570,29 @@ shouldn't be), be sure to only promote the release you are responsible for.
**c.** Log in to the server via SSH and run the promote script for the given
release. The command on the server will be similar to: `dist-promote vx.y.z`.
After this step, the release artifacts will be available for download and a
SHASUMS256.txt file will be present. The release will still be unsigned,
`SHASUMS256.txt` file will be present. The release will still be unsigned,
however.

**d.** Use `scp` to download SHASUMS256.txt to a temporary directory on your
**d.** Use `scp` to download `SHASUMS256.txt` to a temporary directory on your
computer.

**e.** Sign the SHASUMS256.txt file using a command similar to: `gpg
**e.** Sign the `SHASUMS256.txt` file using a command similar to: `gpg
--default-key YOURKEY --clearsign /path/to/SHASUMS256.txt`. You will be prompted
by GPG for your password. The signed file will be named SHASUMS256.txt.asc.
by GPG for your password. The signed file will be named `SHASUMS256.txt.asc`.

**f.** Output an ASCII armored version of your public GPG key using a command
similar to: `gpg --default-key YOURKEY --armor --export --output
/path/to/SHASUMS256.txt.gpg`. This does not require your password and is mainly
a convenience for users, although not the recommended way to get a copy of your
key.

**g.** Upload the SHASUMS256.txt files back to the server into the release
**g.** Upload the `SHASUMS256.txt` files back to the server into the release
directory.

If you didn't wait for ARM builds in the previous step before promoting the
release, you should re-run `tools/release.sh` after the ARM builds have
finished. That will move the ARM artifacts into the correct location. You will
be prompted to re-sign SHASUMS256.txt.
be prompted to re-sign `SHASUMS256.txt`.

It is possible to only sign a release by running `./tools/release.sh -s
vX.Y.Z`.
@@ -608,30 +615,29 @@ release. However, the blog post is not yet fully automatic.
Create a new blog post by running the [nodejs.org release-post.js script][].
This script will use the promoted builds and changelog to generate the post. Run
`npm run serve` to preview the post locally before pushing to the
[nodejs.org](https://github.com/nodejs/nodejs.org) repo.
[nodejs.org repository][].

* You can add a short blurb just under the main heading if you want to say
something important, otherwise the text should be publication ready.
* The links to the download files won't be complete unless you waited for the
ARMv6 builds. Any downloads that are missing will have `*Coming soon*` next to
them. It's your responsibility to manually update these later when you have
the outstanding builds.
* The SHASUMS256.txt.asc content is at the bottom of the post. When you update
* The `SHASUMS256.txt.asc` content is at the bottom of the post. When you update
the list of tarballs you'll need to copy/paste the new contents of this file
to reflect those changes.
* Always use pull-requests on the nodejs.org repo. Be respectful of that working
group, but you shouldn't have to wait for PR sign-off. Opening a PR and
merging it immediately _should_ be fine. However, please follow the following
commit message format:
* Always use pull-requests on the [nodejs.org repository][]. Be respectful
of the website team, but you do not have to wait for PR sign-off. Please
use the following commit message format:

```console
Blog: vX.Y.Z release post

Refs: <full URL to your release proposal PR>
```

* Changes to `master` on the nodejs.org repo will trigger a new build of
nodejs.org so your changes should appear in a few minutes after pushing.
* Changes to `master` on the [nodejs.org repository][] will trigger a new build
of nodejs.org so your changes should appear a few minutes after pushing.

### 16. Create the release on GitHub

@@ -681,7 +687,7 @@ New Node.js Major releases happen twice per year:
Major releases should be targeted for the third Tuesday of the release month.

A major release must not slip beyond the release month. In other words, major
releases must not slip into May or November.
releases must not slip into May or November.

The release date for the next major release should be announced immediately
following the current release (e.g. the release date for 13.0.0 should be
@@ -709,6 +715,10 @@ separate `vN.x-proposal` branch should be created that tracks the `vN.x`
branch. This branch will contain the draft release commit (with the draft
changelog).

Notify the `@nodejs/npm` team in the release proposal PR to inform them of the
upcoming release. `npm` maintains a list of [supported versions](https://github.com/npm/cli/blob/latest/lib/utils/unsupported.js#L3)
that will need updating to include the new major release.

### Test Releases and Release Candidates

Test builds should be generated from the `vN.x-proposal` branch starting at
@@ -761,5 +771,6 @@ judgment there.
[CI lockdown procedure]: https://github.com/nodejs/build/blob/master/doc/jenkins-guide.md#restricting-access-for-security-releases
[Build issue tracker]: https://github.com/nodejs/build/issues/new
[nodejs.org release-post.js script]: https://github.com/nodejs/nodejs.org/blob/master/scripts/release-post.js
[nodejs.org repository]: https://github.com/nodejs/nodejs.org
[Partner Communities]: https://github.com/nodejs/community-committee/blob/master/governance/PARTNER_COMMUNITIES.md
[webchat.freenode.net]: https://webchat.freenode.net/

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