Read big xlsx files that openpyxl, xlrd could not do efficiently
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README.rst

pyexcel-xlsxr - Let you focus on data, instead of xlsx format

https://raw.githubusercontent.com/pyexcel/pyexcel.github.io/master/images/patreon.png https://api.bountysource.com/badge/team?team_id=288537 https://travis-ci.org/pyexcel/pyexcel-xlsxr.svg?branch=master

pyexcel-xlsxr is a specialized xlsx reader using lxml. It does partial reading, meaning it wont load all content into memory.

lxml installation

This library depends on lxml. Because its availablity, the use of this library is restricted.

for PyPy, lxml == 3.4.4 are tested to work well. But lxml above 3.4.4 is difficult to get installed.

for Python 3.7, please use lxml==4.1.1.

Otherwise, this library works OK with lxml 3.4.4 or above.

Known constraints

Fonts, colors and charts are not supported.

Installation

You can install pyexcel-xlsxr via pip:

$ pip install pyexcel-xlsxr

or clone it and install it:

$ git clone https://github.com/pyexcel/pyexcel-xlsxr.git
$ cd pyexcel-xlsxr
$ python setup.py install

Support the project

If your company has embedded pyexcel and its components into a revenue generating product, please support me on patreon or bounty source to maintain the project and develop it further.

If you are an individual, you are welcome to support me too and for however long you feel like. As my backer, you will receive early access to pyexcel related contents.

And your issues will get prioritized if you would like to become my patreon as pyexcel pro user.

With your financial support, I will be able to invest a little bit more time in coding, documentation and writing interesting posts.

Usage

As a standalone library

.. testcode::
   :hide:

    >>> import os
    >>> import sys
    >>> if sys.version_info[0] < 3:
    ...     from StringIO import StringIO
    ... else:
    ...     from io import BytesIO as StringIO
    >>> PY2 = sys.version_info[0] == 2
    >>> if PY2 and sys.version_info[1] < 7:
    ...      from ordereddict import OrderedDict
    ... else:
    ...     from collections import OrderedDict


.. testcode::
   :hide:

    >>> from pyexcel_xlsxw import save_data
    >>> data = OrderedDict() # from collections import OrderedDict
    >>> data.update({"Sheet 1": [[1, 2, 3], [4, 5, 6]]})
    >>> data.update({"Sheet 2": [["row 1", "row 2", "row 3"]]})
    >>> save_data("your_file.xlsx", data)


Read from an xlsx file

Here's the sample code:

>>> from pyexcel_xlsxr import get_data
>>> data = get_data("your_file.xlsx")
>>> import json
>>> print(json.dumps(data))
{"Sheet 1": [[1, 2, 3], [4, 5, 6]], "Sheet 2": [["row 1", "row 2", "row 3"]]}
.. testcode::
   :hide:

    >>> data = OrderedDict()
    >>> data.update({"Sheet 1": [[1, 2, 3], [4, 5, 6]]})
    >>> data.update({"Sheet 2": [[7, 8, 9], [10, 11, 12]]})
    >>> io = StringIO()
    >>> save_data(io, data)
    >>> unused = io.seek(0)
    >>> # do something with the io
    >>> # In reality, you might give it to your http response
    >>> # object for downloading




Read from an xlsx from memory

Continue from previous example:

>>> # This is just an illustration
>>> # In reality, you might deal with xlsx file upload
>>> # where you will read from requests.FILES['YOUR_XLSX_FILE']
>>> data = get_data(io)
>>> print(json.dumps(data))
{"Sheet 1": [[1, 2, 3], [4, 5, 6]], "Sheet 2": [[7, 8, 9], [10, 11, 12]]}

Pagination feature

Let's assume the following file is a huge xlsx file:

>>> huge_data = [
...     [1, 21, 31],
...     [2, 22, 32],
...     [3, 23, 33],
...     [4, 24, 34],
...     [5, 25, 35],
...     [6, 26, 36]
... ]
>>> sheetx = {
...     "huge": huge_data
... }
>>> save_data("huge_file.xlsx", sheetx)

And let's pretend to read partial data:

>>> partial_data = get_data("huge_file.xlsx", start_row=2, row_limit=3)
>>> print(json.dumps(partial_data))
{"huge": [[3, 23, 33], [4, 24, 34], [5, 25, 35]]}

And you could as well do the same for columns:

>>> partial_data = get_data("huge_file.xlsx", start_column=1, column_limit=2)
>>> print(json.dumps(partial_data))
{"huge": [[21, 31], [22, 32], [23, 33], [24, 34], [25, 35], [26, 36]]}

Obvious, you could do both at the same time:

>>> partial_data = get_data("huge_file.xlsx",
...     start_row=2, row_limit=3,
...     start_column=1, column_limit=2)
>>> print(json.dumps(partial_data))
{"huge": [[23, 33], [24, 34], [25, 35]]}
.. testcode::
   :hide:

   >>> os.unlink("huge_file.xlsx")


As a pyexcel plugin

No longer, explicit import is needed since pyexcel version 0.2.2. Instead, this library is auto-loaded. So if you want to read data in xlsx format, installing it is enough.

Reading from an xlsx file

Here is the sample code:

>>> import pyexcel as pe
>>> sheet = pe.get_book(file_name="your_file.xlsx")
>>> sheet
Sheet 1:
+---+---+---+
| 1 | 2 | 3 |
+---+---+---+
| 4 | 5 | 6 |
+---+---+---+
Sheet 2:
+-------+-------+-------+
| row 1 | row 2 | row 3 |
+-------+-------+-------+
.. testcode::
   :hide:

    >>> sheet.save_as("another_file.xlsx")



Reading from a IO instance

You got to wrap the binary content with stream to get xlsx working:

>>> # This is just an illustration
>>> # In reality, you might deal with xlsx file upload
>>> # where you will read from requests.FILES['YOUR_XLSX_FILE']
>>> xlsxfile = "another_file.xlsx"
>>> with open(xlsxfile, "rb") as f:
...     content = f.read()
...     r = pe.get_book(file_type="xlsx", file_content=content)
...     print(r)
...
Sheet 1:
+---+---+---+
| 1 | 2 | 3 |
+---+---+---+
| 4 | 5 | 6 |
+---+---+---+
Sheet 2:
+-------+-------+-------+
| row 1 | row 2 | row 3 |
+-------+-------+-------+

License

New BSD License

Developer guide

Development steps for code changes

  1. git clone https://github.com/pyexcel/pyexcel-xlsxr.git
  2. cd pyexcel-xlsxr

Upgrade your setup tools and pip. They are needed for development and testing only:

  1. pip install --upgrade setuptools pip

Then install relevant development requirements:

  1. pip install -r rnd_requirements.txt # if such a file exists
  2. pip install -r requirements.txt
  3. pip install -r tests/requirements.txt

Once you have finished your changes, please provide test case(s), relevant documentation and update CHANGELOG.rst.

Note

As to rnd_requirements.txt, usually, it is created when a dependent library is not released. Once the dependecy is installed (will be released), the future version of the dependency in the requirements.txt will be valid.

How to test your contribution

Although nose and doctest are both used in code testing, it is adviable that unit tests are put in tests. doctest is incorporated only to make sure the code examples in documentation remain valid across different development releases.

On Linux/Unix systems, please launch your tests like this:

$ make

On Windows systems, please issue this command:

> test.bat

How to update test environment and update documentation

Additional steps are required:

  1. pip install moban
  2. git clone https://github.com/moremoban/setupmobans.git # generic setup
  3. git clone https://github.com/pyexcel/pyexcel-commons.git commons
  4. make your changes in .moban.d directory, then issue command moban

What is pyexcel-commons

Many information that are shared across pyexcel projects, such as: this developer guide, license info, etc. are stored in pyexcel-commons project.

What is .moban.d

.moban.d stores the specific meta data for the library.

Acceptance criteria

  1. Has Test cases written
  2. Has all code lines tested
  3. Passes all Travis CI builds
  4. Has fair amount of documentation if your change is complex
  5. Please update CHANGELOG.rst
  6. Please add yourself to CONTRIBUTORS.rst
  7. Agree on NEW BSD License for your contribution
.. testcode::
   :hide:

   >>> import os
   >>> os.unlink("your_file.xlsx")
   >>> os.unlink("another_file.xlsx")