Accessible modal dialog component for React
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Accessible modal dialog component for React.JS

Code Climate Coverage Status

Build Status

Active Development

The modal is currently undergoing significant development for a v2 release. The master branch contains that development work. If you'd like to see the latest stable version please use the release tags (


To install the stable version:

npm install --save react-modal


The Modal object has two required props:

  • isOpen to render its children.
  • contentLabel to improve a11y, since v1.6.0.


  <h1>Modal Content</h1>


Styles are passed as an object with 2 keys, 'overlay' and 'content' like so

  overlay : {
    position          : 'fixed',
    top               : 0,
    left              : 0,
    right             : 0,
    bottom            : 0,
    backgroundColor   : 'rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.75)'
  content : {
    position                   : 'absolute',
    top                        : '40px',
    left                       : '40px',
    right                      : '40px',
    bottom                     : '40px',
    border                     : '1px solid #ccc',
    background                 : '#fff',
    overflow                   : 'auto',
    WebkitOverflowScrolling    : 'touch',
    borderRadius               : '4px',
    outline                    : 'none',
    padding                    : '20px'


Styles passed to the modal are merged in with the above defaults and applied to their respective elements. At this time, media queries will need to be handled by the consumer.

Using CSS Classes

If you prefer not to use inline styles or are unable to do so in your project, you can pass className and overlayClassName props to the Modal. If you do this then none of the default styles will apply and you will have full control over styling via CSS.

You can also pass a portalClassName to change the wrapper's class (ReactModalPortal). This doesn't affect styling as no styles are applied to this element by default.

Overriding styles globally

The default styles above are available on Modal.defaultStyles. Changes to this object will apply to all instances of the modal.

Appended to custom node

You can choose an element for the modal to be appended to, rather than using body tag. To do this, provide a function to parentSelector prop that return the element to be used.

function getParent() {
  return document.querySelector('#root');

  <p>Modal Content.</p>

Body class

When the modal is opened a ReactModal__Body--open class is added to the body tag. You can use this to remove scrolling on the the body while the modal is open.

/* Remove scroll on the body when react-modal is open */
.ReactModal__Body--open {
    overflow: hidden;


Inside an app:

import React from 'react';
import ReactDOM from 'react-dom';
import Modal from 'react-modal';

The app element allows you to specify the portion of your app that should be hidden (via aria-hidden)
to prevent assistive technologies such as screenreaders from reading content outside of the content of
your modal.  It can be specified in the following ways:

* element

* query selector - uses the first element found if you pass in a class.

const appElement = document.getElementById('your-app-element');

const customStyles = {
  content : {
    top                   : '50%',
    left                  : '50%',
    right                 : 'auto',
    bottom                : 'auto',
    marginRight           : '-50%',
    transform             : 'translate(-50%, -50%)'

class App extends React.Component {
  constructor() {

    this.state = {
      modalIsOpen: false

    this.openModal = this.openModal.bind(this);
    this.afterOpenModal = this.afterOpenModal.bind(this);
    this.closeModal = this.closeModal.bind(this);

  openModal() {
    this.setState({modalIsOpen: true});

  afterOpenModal() {
    // references are now sync'd and can be accessed. = '#f00';

  closeModal() {
    this.setState({modalIsOpen: false});

  render() {
    return (
        <button onClick={this.openModal}>Open Modal</button>
          contentLabel="Example Modal"

          <h2 ref="subtitle">Hello</h2>
          <button onClick={this.closeModal}>close</button>
          <div>I am a modal</div>
            <input />
            <button>tab navigation</button>
            <button>the modal</button>

ReactDOM.render(<App />, appElement);


When using React Test Utils with this library, here are some things to keep in mind:

  • You need to set isOpen={true} on the modal component for it to render its children.
  • You need to use the .portal property, as in ReactDOM.findDOMNode(renderedModal.portal) or TestUtils.scryRenderedDOMComponentsWithClass(Modal.portal, 'my-modal-class') to acquire a handle to the inner contents of your modal.

By default the modal is closed when clicking outside of it (the overlay area). If you want to prevent this behavior you can pass the 'shouldCloseOnOverlayClick' prop with 'false' value.

  contentLabel="No Overlay Click Modal"

  <h1>Force Modal</h1>
  <p>Modal cannot be closed when clicking the overlay area</p>
  <button onClick={handleCloseFunc}>Close Modal...</button>