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hiccups

License

hiccups measures the system induced jitter ("hiccups") a CPU bound thread experiences.

It runs a thread on each processor core that loops for a fixed interval (by default 5 seconds). Each loop iteration acquires a timestamp and if the difference between the last two successive timestamps exceeds a threshold, the thread is assumed to have been interrupted and the difference is recorded. At the end of the run the number of interruptions, 99th percentile, 99.9th percentile and maximum interruption per processor core is output.

By default the threshold is calculated as 8 times the smallest difference between two consecutive timestamps out of 10000 runs. Difference between two successive timestamps exceeding the threshold is indicative of jitter introduced by thread context switching, interrupt processing, TLB shootdowns etc.

hiccups was inspired by David Riddoch's sysjitter.

Linux kernel version 5.14 introduces the osnoise tracer that also measures the system jitter / noise. It additionally shows you the sources of the jitter.

Example

Measure jitter on CPUs 0 through 3:

$ taskset -c 0-3 hiccups | column -t -R 1,2,3,4,5,6
cpu  threshold_ns  hiccups  pct99_ns  pct999_ns    max_ns
  0           168    17110     83697    6590444  17010845
  1           168     9929    169555    5787333   9517076
  2           168    20728     73359    6008866  16008460
  3           168    28336      1354       4870     17869

In this example CPU 3 is a quiet CPU with low jitter as indicated by the 99.9th percentile being much lower then the other CPUs.

Building & Installing

hiccups requires CMake 3.2 or higher and a C++17 compiler.

Building on Debian/Ubuntu:

sudo apt install cmake g++
cd hiccups
mkdir build && cd build
cmake .. -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Release
make

Building on RHEL/CentOS:

sudo yum install cmake3 g++
cd hiccups
mkdir build && cd build
cmake3 .. -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Release
make

Installing:

$ sudo make install

About

This project was created by Erik Rigtorp <erik@rigtorp.se>.