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ruby-informix.gemspec

README.md

Ruby/Informix -- Ruby library for connecting to IBM Informix.

Motivation

Read about the situation that started it all.

Download

The latest version of Ruby/Informix can be found at http://rubyforge.org/projects/ruby-informix

Supported platforms

Ruby/Informix has been tested succesfully with Informix 7 and above, and Informix CSDK 2.81 and above, on the following platforms:

Operating System     Architecture
-----------------------------------------
Solaris              SPARC64      
Mac OS X             x86-64
GNU/Linux            x86, x86-64
Windows XP/2000      x86
HP-UX 11.11          PA-RISC 2.0 64-bit

Send me an e-mail if you have [un]succesfully tested Ruby/Informix on another platform.

Installation

Requirements

  • Informix CSDK 2.81 or above

If you want to build Ruby/Informix instead of installing a precompiled gem, you will also need:

  • Microsoft Visual Studio 6.0, for Windows or
  • an ANSI C compiler, for UNIX and Linux

Rubygem installation

gem install ruby-informix

From source

Set your INFORMIXDIR environment variable and run:

rake gem
sudo -E gem install ruby-informix*.gem

Documentation

RDoc and ri documentation is automatically installed. It can also be found online

Examples

Note: set LD_LIBRARY_PATH (non-macOS) or DYLD_LIBRARY_PATH (macOS) to search in $INFORMIXDIR/lib and $INFORMIXDIR/lib/esql before loading the gem.

Connecting to a database

db = Informix.connect('stores')

Traversing a table

db.foreach('select * from stock') do |r|
  # do something with the record
end

Fetching all records from a table

records = db.cursor('select * from stock') do |cur|
  cur.open
  cur.fetch_all
end

Inserting records

stmt = db.prepare('insert into state values(?, ?)')
stmt.execute('CA', 'California')
stmt.call('NM', 'New Mexico')
stmt['TX', 'Texas']

Iterating over a table using a hash (shortcut)

db.foreach_hash('select * from customers') do |cust|
  puts "#{cust['firstname']} #{cust['lastname']}"
end

More examples can be found at:

http://ruby-informix.rubyforge.org/examples.html

Data types supported

Informix                          Ruby
--------------------------------------------------------
SMALLINT, INT, INT8, FLOAT,      Numeric
SERIAL, SERIAL8
CHAR, NCHAR, VARCHAR, NVARCHAR   String
DATE                             Date
DATETIME                         Time
INTERVAL                         Informix::IntervalYTM,
                                 Informix::IntervalDTS
DECIMAL, MONEY                   BigDecimal
BOOL                             TrueClass, FalseClass
BYTE, TEXT                       StringIO, String
CLOB, BLOB                       Informix::Slob

NULL values can be inserted and are retrieved as +nil+.

Any IO-like object that provides a read method, e.g. StringIO or File objects, can be used to insert data in BYTE or TEXT fields. Data retrieved from BYTE and TEXT fields are stored in String objects.

Strings can be used where Informix accepts them for non-character data types, like DATE, DATETIME, INTERVAL, BOOL, DECIMAL and MONEY

Recommendations

  • Use blocks to release Informix resources automatically as soon as possible. Alternatively, use #free.
  • You can optimize cursor execution by changing the size of fetch and insert buffers, setting the environment variable FET_BUF_SIZE to up to 32767.

Support

Feel free to send me bug reports, feature requests, comments, patches or questions directly to my mailbox or via github.

Presentations and articles about Ruby/Informix

License

Ruby/Informix is available under the three-clause BSD license

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