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:rainbow: Node.js bindings to libsass

Merge pull request #725 from am11/master

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README.md

node-sass

Sass logo

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Node-sass is a library that provides binding for Node.js to libsass, the C version of the popular stylesheet preprocessor, Sass.

It allows you to natively compile .scss files to css at incredible speed and automatically via a connect middleware.

Find it on npm: https://npmjs.org/package/node-sass

Follow @nodesass on twitter for release updates: https://twitter.com/nodesass

Reporting Sass compilation and syntax issues

The libsass library is not currently at feature parity with the 3.2 Ruby Gem that most Sass users will use, and has little-to-no support for 3.3 syntax. While we try our best to maintain feature parity with libsass, we can not enable features that have not been implemented in libsass yet.

If you'd like to see what features are still upcoming in libsass, Jo Liss has written a blog post on the subject.

Please check for issues on the libsass repo (as there is a good chance that it may already be an issue there for it), and otherwise create a new issue there.

If this project is missing an API or command line flag that has been added to libsass, then please open an issue here. We will then look at updating our libsass submodule and create a new release. You can help us create the new release by rebuilding binaries, and then creating a pull request to the node-sass-binaries repo.

Install

npm install node-sass

Some users have reported issues installing on Ubuntu due to node being registered to another package. Follow the official NodeJS docs to install NodeJS so that #!/usr/bin/env node correctly resolved.

Compiling versions 0.9.4 and above on Windows machines requires Visual Studio 2013 WD. If you have multiple VS versions, use npm install with the --msvs_version=2013 flag also use this flag when rebuilding the module with node-gyp or nw-gyp.

Usage

var sass = require('node-sass');
sass.render({
  file: scss_filename,
  [, options..]
}, function(err, result) { /*...*/ });
// OR
var result = sass.renderSync({
  data: scss_content
  [, options..]
});

Options

The API for using node-sass has changed, so that now there is only one options hash. In the options hash, some items are optional, others may be mandatory depending on circumstances.

file

file is a String of the path to an scss file for libsass to render. One of this or data options are required, for both render and renderSync.

data

data is a String containing the scss to be rendered by libsass. One of this or file options are required, for both render and renderSync. It is recommended that you use the includePaths option in conjunction with this, as otherwise libsass may have trouble finding files imported via the @import directive.

success

success is a Function to be called upon successful rendering of the scss to css. This option is required but only for the render function. If provided to renderSync it will be ignored. The error object take

The callback function is passed a results object, containing the following keys:

  • css - The compiled CSS. Write this to a file, or serve it out as needed.
  • map - The source map
  • stats - An object containing information about the compile. It contains the following keys:
    • entry - The path to the scss file, or data if the source was not a file
    • start - Date.now() before the compilation
    • end - Date.now() after the compilation
    • duration - end - start
    • includedFiles - Absolute paths to all related scss files in no particular order.

error

error is a Function to be called upon occurrence of an error when rendering the scss to css. This option is optional, and only applies to the render function.

The callback function is passed an error object, containing the following keys:

  • message - The error message.
  • line - The line number of error.
  • column - The column number of error.
  • status - The status code.
  • file - The filename of error. In case file option was not set (in favour of data), this will reflect the value stdin.

Note: If this option is provided to renderSync it will be ignored. In case of renderSync the error is thrown to stderr, which is try-catchable. In catch block, the same error object will be received.

importer (starting from v2)

importer is a Function to be called when libsass parser encounters the import directive. If present, libsass will call node-sass and let the user change file, data or both during the compilation. This option is optional, and applies to both render and renderSync functions. Also, it can either return object of form {file:'..', contents: '..'} or send it back via done({}). Note in renderSync or render, there is no restriction imposed on using done() callback or return statement (dispite of the asnchrony difference).

The options passed in to render and renderSync are available as this.options within the Function.

includePaths

includePaths is an Array of path Strings to look for any @imported files. It is recommended that you use this option if you are using the data option and have any @import directives, as otherwise libsass may not find your depended-on files.

indentedSyntax

indentedSyntax is a Boolean flag to determine if Sass Indented Syntax should be used to parse provided string or a file.

omitSourceMapUrl

omitSourceMapUrl is a Boolean flag to determine whether to include sourceMappingURL comment in the output file.

outFile

outFile specifies where the CSS will be saved. This option does not actually output a file, but is used as input for generating a source map.

outputStyle

outputStyle is a String to determine how the final CSS should be rendered. Its value should be one of 'nested' or 'compressed'. Node-sass defaults to 'nested'. ['expanded' and 'compact' are not currently supported by libsass]

precision

precision is a Number that will be used to determine how many digits after the decimal will be allowed. For instance, if you had a decimal number of 1.23456789 and a precision of 5, the result will be 1.23457 in the final CSS.

sourceComments

sourceComments is a Boolean flag to determine what debug information is included in the output file.

sourceMap

You must define this option as well as outFile in order to generate a source map. If it is set to true, the source map will be generated at the path provided in the outFile option. If set to a path (String), the source map will be generated at the provided path.

sourceMapEmbed

sourceMapEmbed is a Boolean flag to determine whether to embed sourceMappingUrl as data URI.

sourceMapContents

sourceMapContents is a Boolean flag to determine whether to include contents in maps.

The render Callback (starting from v2.1)

node-sass supports standard node style asynchronous callbacks with the signature of function(err, result). In error conditions, the error argument is populated with the error object. In success conditions, the result object is populated with an object describing the result of the render call.

The Error Object

  • message - The error message.
  • line - The line number of error.
  • column - The column number of error.
  • status - The status code.
  • file - The filename of error. In case file option was not set (in favour of data), this will reflect the value stdin.

The Result Object

  • css - The compiled CSS. Write this to a file, or serve it out as needed.
  • map - The source map
  • stats - An object containing information about the compile. It contains the following keys:
    • entry - The path to the scss file, or data if the source was not a file
    • start - Date.now() before the compilation
    • end - Date.now() after the compilation
    • duration - end - start
    • includedFiles - Absolute paths to all related scss files in no particular order.

Examples

var sass = require('node-sass');
sass.render({
  file: '/path/to/myFile.scss',
  data: 'body{background:blue; a{color:black;}}',
  success: function(result) {
    // result is an object: v2 change
    console.log(result.css);
    console.log(result.stats);
    console.log(result.map)
  },
  error: function(error) { // starting v2.1 error is an Error-typed object
    // error is an object: v2 change
    console.log(error.message);
    console.log(error.status); // changed from code to status in v2.1
    console.log(error.line);
    console.log(error.column); // new in v2
  },
  importer: function(url, prev, done) {
    // url is the path in import as is, which libsass encountered.
    // prev is the previously resolved path.
    // done is an optional callback, either consume it or return value synchronously.
    someAsyncFunction(url, prev, function(result){
      done({
        file: result.path, // only one of them is required, see section Sepcial Behaviours.
        contents: result.data
      });
    });
    // OR
    var result = someSyncFunction(url, prev);
    return {file: result.path, contents: result.data};
  },
  includePaths: [ 'lib/', 'mod/' ],
  outputStyle: 'compressed'
}, function(error, result) {
  // starting v2.1 the node-style callback has error (Object) and result (Object)
  // the objects are identical to those provided for the error and success keys
  // in the options object
});
// OR
var result = sass.renderSync({
  file: '/path/to/file.scss',
  data: 'body{background:blue; a{color:black;}}',
  outputStyle: 'compressed',
  outFile: '/to/my/output.css',
  sourceMap: true, // or an absolute or relative (to outFile) path
  importer: function(url, prev, done) {
    // url is the path in import as is, which libsass encountered.
    // prev is the previously resolved path.
    // done is an optional callback, either consume it or return value synchronously.
    someAsyncFunction(url, prev, function(result){
      done({
        file: result.path, // only one of them is required, see section Sepcial Behaviours.
        contents: result.data
      });
    });
    // OR
    var result = someSyncFunction(url, prev);
    return {file: result.path, contents: result.data};
  },
}));

console.log(result.css);
console.log(result.map);
console.log(result.stats);

Special behaviours

  • In the case that both file and data options are set, node-sass will give precedence to data and use file to calculate paths in sourcemaps.

Version information (v2 change)

Both node-sass and libsass version info is now present in package.json and is exposed via info method:

var sass = require('node-sass');

console.log(sass.info);

/*
  it will output something like:

  node-sass       2.0.1   (Wrapper)       [JavaScript]
  libsass         3.1.0   (Sass Compiler) [C/C++]
*/

Integrations

Listing of community uses of node-sass in build tools and frameworks.

Brackets extension

@jasonsanjose has created a Brackets extension based on node-sass: https://github.com/jasonsanjose/brackets-sass. When editing Sass files, the extension compiles changes on save. The extension also integrates with Live Preview to show Sass changes in the browser without saving or compiling.

Brunch plugin

Brunch's official sass plugin uses node-sass by default, and automatically falls back to ruby if use of Compass is detected: https://github.com/brunch/sass-brunch

Connect/Express middleware

Recompile .scss files automatically for connect and express based http servers.

This functionality has been moved to node-sass-middleware in node-sass v1.0.0

DocPad Plugin

@jking90 wrote a DocPad plugin that compiles .scss files using node-sass: https://github.com/jking90/docpad-plugin-nodesass

Duo.js extension

@stephenway has created an extension that transpiles Sass to CSS using node-sass with duo.js https://github.com/duojs/sass

Grunt extension

@sindresorhus has created a set of grunt tasks based on node-sass: https://github.com/sindresorhus/grunt-sass

Gulp extension

@dlmanning has created a gulp sass plugin based on node-sass: https://github.com/dlmanning/gulp-sass

Harp

@sintaxi’s Harp web server implicitly compiles .scss files using node-sass: https://github.com/sintaxi/harp

Metalsmith plugin

@stevenschobert has created a metalsmith plugin based on node-sass: https://github.com/stevenschobert/metalsmith-sass

Meteor plugin

@fourseven has created a meteor plugin based on node-sass: https://github.com/fourseven/meteor-scss

Mimosa module

@dbashford has created a Mimosa module for sass which includes node-sass: https://github.com/dbashford/mimosa-sass

Example App

There is also an example connect app here: https://github.com/andrew/node-sass-example

Rebuilding binaries

Node-sass includes pre-compiled binaries for popular platforms, to add a binary for your platform follow these steps:

Check out the project:

git clone --recursive https://github.com/sass/node-sass.git
cd node-sass
git submodule update --init --recursive
npm install
npm install -g node-gyp
node-gyp rebuild  # to make debug release, use -d switch

Command Line Interface

The interface for command-line usage is fairly simplistic at this stage, as seen in the following usage section.

Output will be saved with the same name as input SASS file into the current working directory if it's omitted.

Usage

node-sass [options] <input.scss> [<output.css>]

Options:

    -w, --watch                Watch a directory or file
    -r, --recursive            Recursively watch directories or files
    -o, --output               Output directory
    -x, --omit-source-map-url  Omit source map URL comment from output
    -i, --indented-syntax      Treat data from stdin as sass code (versus scss)
    -v, --version              Prints version info
    --output-style             CSS output style (nested|expanded|compact|compressed)
    --source-comments          Include debug info in output
    --source-map               Emit source map
    --source-map-embed         Embed sourceMappingUrl as data URI
    --source-map-contents      Embed include contents in map
    --include-path             Path to look for imported files
    --precision                The amount of precision allowed in decimal numbers
    --importer                 Path to custom importer
    --help                     Print usage info

Note --importer takes the (absolute or relative to pwd) path to a js file, which needs to have a default module.exports set to the importer function. See our test fixtures for example.

Post-install Build

Install runs only two Mocha tests to see if your machine can use the pre-built libsass which will save some time during install. If any tests fail it will build from source.

Maintainers

This module is brought to you and maintained by the following people:

Contributors

We <3 our contributors! A special thanks to all those who have clocked in some dev time on this project, we really appreciate your hard work. You can find a full list of those people here.

Note on Patches/Pull Requests

  • Fork the project.
  • Make your feature addition or bug fix.
  • Add documentation if necessary.
  • Add tests for it. This is important so I don't break it in a future version unintentionally.
  • Send a pull request. Bonus points for topic branches.

Copyright

Copyright (c) 2015 Andrew Nesbitt. See LICENSE for details.

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