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Scans PHP files for malwares and known threats
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PHP malware scanner

Traversing directories for files with php extensions and testing files against text or regexp rules, the rules based on self gathered samples and publicly available malwares/webshells. The goal is to find infected files and fight against kiddies, because to easy to bypass rules.

How to install?

Simply clone the repository or with composer install globally composer global require scr34m/php-malware-scanner.

How to use?

Usage: php scan.php -d <directory>
    -h                   --help               Show this help message
    -d <directory>       --directory          Directory for searching
    -e <file extension>  --extension          File Extension to Scan
    -E                   --scan-everything    Scan all files, with or without extensions
    -i <directory|file>  --ignore             Directory of file to ignore
    -a                   --all-output         Enables --checksum,--comment,--pattern,--time
    -b                   --base64             Scan for base64 encoded PHP keywords
    -m                   --checksum           Display MD5 Hash/Checksum of file
    -c                   --comment            Display comments for matched patterns
    -x                   --extra-check        Adds GoogleBot and htaccess to Scan List
    -l                   --follow-symlink     Follow symlinked directories
    -k                   --hide-ok            Hide results with 'OK' status
    -w                   --hide-whitelist     Hide results with 'WL' status
    -n                   --no-color           Disable color mode
    -s                   --no-stop            Continue scanning file after first hit
    -p                   --pattern            Show Patterns next to the file name
    -t                   --time               Show time of last file change
    -L                   --line-number        Display matching pattern line number in file
    -o                   --output-format      Custom defined output format
    -j                   --wordpress-version  Version of wordpress to get md5 signatures
                         --combined-whitelist Combined whitelist

Ignore argument could be used multiple times and accept glob style matching ex.: "cache*", "??-cache.php" or "/cache" etc.

Extension argument defaults to ".php" and also can be used multiple times too.

  • --base64 is an alternative scan mode which ignores the main pattern files and uses a large list of php keywords and functions that have been converted to base64. Slower and prone to false positives, but gives additional base64 scanning coverage. These pattern files are located in base64_patterns and were derived from php 7 keywords and functions. Not many PHP extensions are included.
  • --comment flag will display the last comment to appear in the pattern file before the matched pattern, so documenting the pattern files is important.

Output formatting

Default output depending on the specified parameters, but the full format is "%S %T %M # {%F} %C %P # %L" and using ANSI coloring too.

Possible variables are:

  • %S - matching indicator, possible values are OK, ER, WL
  • %T - file change time
  • %M - file md5 hash value
  • %F - file with path
  • %P - pattern
  • %C - pattern comment
  • %L - matching pattern line number

Patterns

There are three main pattern files the cover different types of pattern matching. There is one pattern per line. All lines where the very first character is a "#" is considered a comment and not used as a pattern. Whitespace in the pattern files is not used.

  • patterns_raw.txt - Raw string matching
  • patterns-iraw.txt - Case insensitive raw string matching
  • patterns-re.txt- Regular expression matching.

Whitelisting

See whitelist.txt file for a predefined MD5 hash list. Only the first 32 characters are used, rest of the line ignored so feel free to leave a comment.

Wordpress md5 sum whitelisting

You can automatically add md5sum from wordpress core files by specifing version as argument to --wordpress-version or -j. Example:

scan -d . -j 4.9.2

That will automatically get md5sums from wordpress api (https://api.wordpress.org/core/checksums/1.0/?version=x.x.x) and add it to whitelist. To check your version simply check wp-includes/version.php file of your wordpress

Combined whitelist

This list is a pre generated database for opensource projects more information at https://scr34m.github.io/php-malware-scanner/ site. The scanner check for database hash validity and only download if it is different and of course when argument used.

Tools

text2base64.py

Takes a plaintext string as input and returns 3 base64 string equivalents. Python script that needs to be executed from the terminal to be used.

It is worth noting that the presence of one of the three output strings in a block of text does not 100% guarantee that the string was present in the original code. It is guaranteed that IF the subject string was present in the original code, then one of the three output strings will be present in the base64 version.

$ python tools/text2base64.py 'base64_decode'  
YmFzZTY0X2RlY29kZ  
Jhc2U2NF9kZWNvZG  
iYXNlNjRfZGVjb2Rl

An example: The presence of 'YmFzZTY0X2RlY29kZ' does not guarantee that 'base64_decode' is in the plain text code.
It is guaranteed that IF 'base64_decode' was present in the plain text code, then one of these three base64 strings WILL be present. The presence of 'YmFzZTY0X2RlY29kZ' in a block of code may be because 'ase64_decod' was in the original code.
ote the missing edge characters which is due to bit misalignment and character bleed.

Resources

Licensing

PHP malware scanner is licensed under the GNU General Public License v3.

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