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Aircraft Design Recipes in Python
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Aircraft Design Recipes in Python

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A library of aircraft conceptual design and performance analysis tools, including virtual (design) atmospheres, constraint analysis methods, propulsion system performance models, conversion functions and much else.

For a detailed description of the library, please consult the Documentation. To get started, follow the instructions below.

author: Andras Sobester

Installation / Usage

ADRpy is written in Python 3 and tested in Python 3.4, 3.5, 3.5-dev, 3.6, 3.6-dev and 3.7-dev. It is not available for Python 2.

On most systems you should be able to simply open an operating system terminal and at the command prompt type

$ pip install ADRpy


$ python -m pip install ADRpy

NOTE: pip is a Python package; if it is not available on your system, download and run it in Python by entering

$ python

at the operating system prompt.

An alternative approach to installing ADRpy is to clone the GitHub repository, by typing

$ git clone

at the command prompt and then executing the setup file in the same directory by entering:

$ python install

A 'hello world' example: atmospheric properties

There are several options for running the examples shown here: you could copy and paste them into a .py file, save it and run it in Python, or you could enter the lines, in sequence, at the prompt of a Python terminal. You could also copy and paste them into a Jupyter notebook (.ipynb file) cell and execute the cell.

from ADRpy import atmospheres as at
from ADRpy import unitconversions as co

# Instantiate an atmosphere object: an ISA with a +10C offset
isa = at.Atmosphere(offset_deg=10)

# Query the ambient density in this model at 41,000 feet 
print("ISA+10C density at 41,000 feet (geopotential):", 
      isa.airdens_kgpm3(co.feet2m(41000)), "kg/m^3")

You should see the following output:

ISA+10C density at 41,000 feet (geopotential): 0.274725888531 kg/m^3

A design example: wing/powerplant sizing for take-off

# Compute the thrust to weight ratio required for take-off, given
# a basic design brief, a basic design definition and a set of 
# atmospheric conditions

from ADRpy import atmospheres as at
from ADRpy import constraintanalysis as ca
from ADRpy import unitconversions as co

# The environment: 'unusually high temperature at 5km' atmosphere
# from MIL-HDBK-310. 

# Extract the relevant atmospheric profiles...
profile_ht5_1percentile, _ = at.mil_hdbk_310('high', 'temp', 5)

# ...then use them to create an atmosphere object 
m310_ht5 = at.Atmosphere(profile=profile_ht5_1percentile)


# The take-off aspects of the design brief:
designbrief = {'rwyelevation_m':1000, 'groundrun_m':1200}

# Basic features of the concept:
# aspect ratio, engine bypass ratio, throttle ratio 
designdefinition = {'aspectratio':7.3, 'bpr':3.9, 'tr':1.05}

# Initial estimates of aerodynamic performance:
designperf = {'CDTO':0.04, 'CLTO':0.9, 'CLmaxTO':1.6,
              'mu_R':0.02} # ...and wheel rolling resistance coeff.

# An aircraft concept object can now be instantiated
concept = ca.AircraftConcept(designbrief, designdefinition,
                             designperf, m310_ht5)


# Compute the required standard day sea level thrust/MTOW ratio reqd.
# for the target take-off performance at a range of wing loadings:
wingloadinglist_pa = [2000, 3000, 4000, 5000]

tw_sl, liftoffspeed_mpstas, _ = concept.twrequired_to(wingloadinglist_pa)

# The take-off constraint calculation also supplies an estimate of
# the lift-off speed; this is TAS (assuming zero wind) - we convert 
# it to equivalent airspeed (EAS), in m/s:
liftoffspeed_mpseas = \
m310_ht5.tas2eas(liftoffspeed_mpstas, designbrief['rwyelevation_m'])

print("Required T/W and V_liftoff under MIL-HDBK-310 conditions:")
print("\nT/W (std. day, SL, static thrust):", tw_sl)
print("\nLiftoff speed (KEAS):", co.mps2kts(liftoffspeed_mpseas))

You should see the following output:

Required T/W and V_liftoff under MIL-HDBK-310 conditions:

T/W (std. day, SL, static thrust): [ 0.19618164  0.2710746   0.34472518  0.41715311]

Liftoff speed (KEAS): [  96.99203483  118.79049722  137.1674511   153.35787248]

More extensive examples - a library of notebooks

Click on Binder to open a library of examples recorded in Jupyter notebooks. You can play with these 'live' in Binder, or you can click File / Download as / ... to create your own local copy in any number of formats. [Note: if you don't want to wait for Binder to generate the library, you can still access the 'static' versions of the notebooks through nbviewer - click on the required notebook in the lower half of the holding page. ]

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