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README.md


dump

Logical backup and restore of a Tarantool instance.

Why you need a logical backup

Tarantool provides a physical backup with box.backup module. But you may still want a logical one.

Here's why:

  • A logical backup contains tuples, not files. By making a logical backup, you ensure that the database server can read the contents of the database. A logical backup sees the database through the same lense as your application.
  • If Tarantool binary file layout changes, you still can restore data from a logical backup.
  • You could use a logical backup to export data into another database (although we recommend using Tarantool's MySQL or PostgreSQL connectors for this).

How to use

This module takes each space in Tarantool and dumps it into a file in a specified directory. This includes data for system spaces _space and _index, which are dumped first. The restore is performed in the opposite order, when files for restore are sorted according to their id (system spaces have id < 512, so their data is naturally restored first). Restoring the system spaces first ensures that all definitions for user-defined spaces are already in place when a user-defined space dump file is restored.

Preparation

Ensure that the database is not being changed while dump or restore is in progress.

Execution

local status, error = require('dump').dump('/path/to/logical/backup')

The path should not exist, or be an empty directory. It is created if it does not exist. The command then dumps all space and index definitions, users, roles and privileges, and space data. Each space is dumped into a file in the path named <space-id>.dump.

local status, error = require('dump').restore('/path/to/logical/backup')

Please note that this module does not throw exceptions, and uses Lua conventions for errors: check the return value explicitly to see if your dump or restore has succeeded.

This command restores a logical dump.

Advanced usage

You can use a filter function as an additional argument to dump and restore. A filter is a function that takes a space and a tuple and returns a tuple. This function is called for each dumped/restored tuple. It can be used to overwrite what is written to the dump file or restored. If it returns nil the tuple is skipped.

For example, 'filter' option can be used to convert memtx spaces to vinyl as shown below:

dump.restore('dump', {
    filter = function(space, tuple)
        if space.id == box.schema.SPACE_ID then
            return tuple:update{{'=', 4, 'vinyl'}}
        else
            return tuple
        end
    end
})

Details

The backup utility creates a file for each dumped space, using space id for file name. The dump skips spaces with id < 512 (the system spaces), with the exception of tuples which contain metadata of user-defined spaces, to ensure smooth restore on an empty instance. If you want to restore data into an existing space, delete files with ids < 512 from the dump directory and create the destination space manually with Lua during restore. Alternatively, you can keep all files with id < 512, this will restore or space definitions, and your particular space file, and pass this to dump. For more intellectual filtering, use dump/restore filtering.

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Logical backup and restore of a tarantool instance.

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