Visual Regression Testing for Intern
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README.md

visual-plugin


Intern Visual logo


Build Status Intern

This project adds support for visual regression testing to Intern.

Overview

A visual regression test compares a screenshot of a web page with a previously generated baseline providing the ability to make automated comparisons against a known-good version to ensure nothing has changed.

These tests can help engineers

  • ensure a page is rendered identically on various browsers
  • identify when a css change has an undesired effect elsewhere
  • put a quick set of visual tests around legacy code to identify regressions

This plugin takes image snapshots of pages when they’re known to be rendering properly, and then compares those images to how the page looks at later points to detect visual regressions.

For example, here's a simple login page:

Good login sample


Assume you’ve created a visual test called “login page” for this page. The first time the test is run it will save a snapshot image (a baseline) of the page.

At some point, someone may change a style that has a side effect of making h1 tags use a serif font. Now the login page looks like this:

Bad login sample


Normal unit tests aren‘t going to see anything wrong here, because the content is the same. However, the next time the visual test is run for that page it will fail because the page no longer looks the same. A report will be generated that highlights the changes:

Visual assertion report


Installation

This package should be installed as a peer of Intern

$ npm install intern @theintern/visual-plugin --save-dev

Quick start

Ok! You want to see all the great things visual regression testing can do and how to do it! See some real test code by looking in the tests/example directory.

To run the example tests:

  1. Clone this project
  2. Install package dependencies
    npm install
    
  3. Run the tests
    npm test config=@example
    

If you want to see what an error looks like, modify the HTML file used by the tests, in _tests/tests/support/pages/basic.html. For example, change the paragraph text, or change the background color from pink to green. Then re-run the test. It will fail, and a report will be generated in visual-tests/report.

API and architecture

This plugin has three main exports:

  • visualTest is a function that will create a complete visual regression test based on an options obect
  • assertVisuals is a function that can be used to make visual assertions in tests
  • helpers is an object of functional test helper functions

visualTest

visualTest is a function that creates a complete visual regression test from a set of options.

import { visualTest }  from '@theintern/visual-plugin';

registerSuite('mySuite', {
    test: visualTest({
        url: 'https://sitepen.com',
        width: 1024,
        height: 768,
        missingBaseline: 'snapshot',
    });
});

assertVisuals

assertVisuals is a Leadfoot helper function that can be used to provide visual assertion functionality within an existing Intern test. It provides the assertion functionality of visualTest but without the surrounding logic.

import { assertVisuals } from '@theintern/visual-plugin';

registerSuite('mySuite', {
    test() {
        return this.remote()
            .get('https://sitepen.com')
            .setWindowSize(1024, 768)
            .takeScreenshot()
            .then(
                assertVisuals(this, {
                    missingBaseline: 'snapshot'
                })
            );
    }
});

See the API docs for the full set of options.

helpers

The helpers export currently contains one function, resizeWindow. This is a convenience function that will resize a browser window and wait for the resize operation to complete.

Reporting results

By default this plugin will generate an HTML report of visual regression test results in the plugin’s output directory. The reporter supports a couple of options:

  • reportLocation: A directory under the base output directory to write the report, defaults to "report"
  • errorColor: The color to use when highlighting image differences, defaults to "#F00"
"plugins": {
    "script": "@theintern/visual-plugin",
    "options": {
        "missingBaseline": "snapshot",
        "directory": "visual",
        "reportLocation": "htmlreport",
        "errorColor": "#FF7200"
    }
}

The reporter can be disabled by setting the report configuration option to false.

"plugins": {
    "script": "@theintern/visual-plugin",
    "options": {
        "missingBaseline": "snapshot",
        "directory": "visual",
        "report": false
    }
}

Contributing

We would love to hear your feedback and welcome PRs. Please take a look at Intern’s Contribution Guidelines for some info and tips. Thanks!