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Wouter van Heeswijk
Wouter van Heeswijk Added idea for future road map
Latest commit 3069907 Nov 21, 2018

README.md

typescript-is

TypeScript transformer that generates run-time type-checks.

npm node Travis (.org) npm David David NpmLicense

💿 Installation

npm install --save typescript-is

# Ensure you have the required dependencies at compile time:
npm install --save-dev typescript

# If you want to use the decorators, ensure you have reflect-metadata in your depdendencies:
npm install --save reflect-metadata

💼 Use cases

If you've worked with TypeScript for a while, you know that sometimes you obtain data that is not type-safe. You'd then have to write your own function with type predicates that checks the foreign object, and makes sure it is the type that you need.

This library automates writing the type predicate function for you.

At compile time, it inspects the type you want to have checked, and generates a function that can check the type of a wild object at run time. When the function is invoked, it checks in detail if the given wild object complies with your favorite type.

In particular, you may obtain wild, untyped object, in the following situations:

  • You're doing a fetch call, which returns some JSON object. You don't know if the JSON object is of the shape you expect.
  • Your users are uploading a file, which is then read by your application and converted to an object. You don't know if this object is really the type you expect.
  • You're reading a JSON string from localStorage that you've stored earlier. Perhaps in the meantime the string has been manipulated and is no longer giving you the object you expect.
  • Any other case where you lose compile time type information...

In these situations typescript-is can come to your rescue.

🎛️ Configuration

This package exposes a TypeScript transformer factory at typescript-is/lib/transformer-inline/transformer

As there currently is no way to configure the TypeScript compiler to use a transformer without using it programatically, the recommended way is to compile with ttypescript. This is basically a wrapper around the TypeScript compiler that injects transformers configured in your tsconfig.json.

(please vote here to support transformers out-of-the-box: https://github.com/Microsoft/TypeScript/issues/14419)

Using ttypescript

First install ttypescript:

npm install --save-dev ttypescript

Then make sure your tsconfig.json is configured to use the typescript-is transformer:

{
    "compilerOptions": {
        "plugins": [
            { "transform": "typescript-is/lib/transform-inline/transformer" }
        ]
    }
}

Now compile using ttypescript:

npx ttsc

Using with ts-node, webpack, Rollup

Please check the README of ttypescript for information on how to use it in combination with ts-node, webpack, and Rollup.

⭐ How to use

Before using, please make sure you've completed configuring the transformer.

In your TypeScript code, you can now import and use the type-check function is (or createIs), or the type assertion function assertType (or createAssertType).

Validation (is and createIs)

For example, you can check if something is a string or number and use it as such, without the compiler complaining:

import { is } from 'typescript-is';

const wildString: any = 'a string, but nobody knows at compile time, because it is cast to `any`';

if (is<string>(wildString)) {
    // wildString can be used as string!
} else {
    // Should never happen...
}

if (is<number>(wildString)) {
    // Should never happen...
} else {
    // Now you know that wildString is not a number!
}

You can also check your own interfaces:

import { is } from 'typescript-is';

interface MyInterface {
    someObject: string;
    without: string;
}

const foreignObject: any = { someObject: 'obtained from the wild', without: 'type safety' };

if (is<MyInterface>(foreignObject)) {
    // Call expression returns true
    const someObject = foreignObject.someObject; // type: string
    const without = foreignObject.without; // type: string
}

Assertions (assertType and createAssertType)

Or use the assertType function to directly use the object:

import { assertType } from 'typescript-is';

const object: any = 42;
assertType<number>(object).toFixed(2); // "6.00"

try {
    const asString = assertType<string>(object); // throws error: object is not a string
    asString.toUpperCasse(); // never gets here
} catch (error) {
    // ...
}

Decorators (ValidateClass and AssertType)

You can also use the decorators to automate validation in class methods. To enable this functionality, you should make sure that experimental decorators are enabled for your TypeScript project.

{
    "compilerOptions": {
        "experimentalDecorators": true
    }
}

You should also make sure the peer dependency reflect-metadata is installed.

npm install --save reflect-metadata

You can then use the decorators:

import { ValidateClass, AssertType } from 'typescript-is';

@ValidateClass()
class A {
    method(@AssertType() value: number) {
        // You can safely use value as a number
        return value;
    }
}

new A().method(42) === 42; // true
new A().method('42' as any); // will throw error

To see the declarations of the functions and more examples, please check out index.d.ts.

For many more examples, please check out the files in the test/ folder. There you can find all the different types that are tested for.

⛔ What it won't do

  • This library will not check classes. Instead, you are encouraged to use the native instanceof operator. For example:
import { is } from 'typescript-is';

class MyClass {
    // ...
}

const instance: any = new MyClass();
is<MyClass>(instance); // error -> classes are not supported.

// Instead, use instanceof:
if (instance instanceof MyClass) {
    // ...
}
  • This library will not magically check unbound type parameters. Instead, make sure all type parameters are bound to a well-defined type when invoking the is function. For example:
import { is } from 'typescript-is';

function magicalTypeChecker<T>(object: any): object is T {
    return is<T>(object); // error -> type `T` is not bound.
}

If you stumble upon anything else that is not yet supported, please open an issue or submit a PR. 😉

🗺️ Road map

Features that are planned:

  • More detailed error message when using assertType and createAssertType. Give the reason why the assertion failed to the user as part of the error.
  • Promise support. Something like assertOrReject<Type>(object) will either resolve(object) or reject(error).
  • Optimize the generated conditions. Things like false || "key" === "key" can be simplified. Might be more interesting to publish a different library that can transform a TypeScript AST, and then use it here, or use an existing one. Might be out of scope, as there are plenty of minifiers/uglifiers/manglers out there already.

🔨 Building and testing

git clone https://github.com/woutervh-/typescript-is.git
cd typescript-is/
npm install

# Building
npm run build

# Testing
npm run test