volk is a meta-loader for Vulkan. It allows you to dynamically load entrypoints required to use Vulkan without linking to vulkan-1.dll or statically linking Vulkan loader. Additionally, volk simplifies the use of Vulkan extensions by automatically loading all associated entrypoints. Finally, volk enables loading Vulkan entrypoints directly from the driver which can increase performance by skipping loader dispatch overhead.
volk is written in C89 and supports Windows, Linux, Android and macOS (via MoltenVK).
There are multiple ways to use volk in your project:
- You can just add
volk.cto your build system. Note that the usual preprocessor defines that enable Vulkan's platform-specific functions (VK_USE_PLATFORM_WIN32_KHR, VK_USE_PLATFORM_XLIB_KHR, VK_USE_PLATFORM_MACOS_MVK, etc) must be passed as desired to the compiler when building
- You can use volk in header-only fashion. Include
volk.hwhereever you want to use Vulkan functions. In exactly one source file, define
volk.h. Do not build
volk.cat all in this case. This method of integrating volk makes it possible to set the platform defines mentioned above with arbitrary (preprocessor) logic in your code.
- You can use provided CMake files, with the usage detailed below.
To use volk, you have to include
volk.h instead of
vulkan/vulkan.h; this is necessary to use function definitions from volk.
If some files in your application include
vulkan/vulkan.h and don't include
volk.h, this can result in symbol conflicts; consider defining
VK_NO_PROTOTYPES when compiling code that uses Vulkan to make sure this doesn't happen.
To initialize volk, call this function first:
This will attempt to load Vulkan loader from the system; if this function returns
VK_SUCCESS you can proceed to create Vulkan instance.
If this function fails, this means Vulkan loader isn't installed on your system.
After creating the Vulkan instance using Vulkan API, call this function:
void volkLoadInstance(VkInstance instance);
This function will load all required Vulkan entrypoints, including all extensions; you can use Vulkan from here on as usual.
Optimizing device calls
If you use volk as described in the previous section, all device-related function calls, such as
vkCmdDraw, will go through Vulkan loader dispatch code.
This allows you to transparently support multiple VkDevice objects in the same application, but comes at a price of dispatch overhead which can be as high as 7% depending on the driver and application.
To avoid this, you have two options:
- For applications that use just one VkDevice object, load device-related Vulkan entrypoints directly from the driver with this function:
void volkLoadDevice(VkDevice device);
- For applications that use multiple VkDevice objects, load device-related Vulkan entrypoints into a table:
void volkLoadDeviceTable(struct VolkDeviceTable* table, VkDevice device);
The second option requires you to change the application code to store one
VkDevice and call functions from this table instead.
Device entrypoints are loaded using
vkGetDeviceProcAddr; when no layers are present, this commonly results in most function pointers pointing directly at the driver functions, minimizing the call overhead. When layers are loaded, the entrypoints will point at the implementations in the first applicable layer, so this is compatible with any layers including validation layers.
volkLoadDevice overwrites some function pointers with device-specific versions, you can choose to use
volkLoadInstanceOnly instead of
volkLoadInstance; when using table-based interface this can also help enforce the usage of the function tables as
volkLoadInstanceOnly will leave device-specific functions as
If your project uses CMake, volk provides you with targets corresponding to the different use cases:
volkis a static library. Any platform defines can be passed to the compiler by setting
if (WIN32) set(VOLK_STATIC_DEFINES VK_USE_PLATFORM_WIN32_KHR) elseif() ... endif() add_subdirectory(volk) target_link_library(my_application PRIVATE volk)
volk_headersis an interface target for the header-only style. Example:
add_subdirectory(volk) target_link_library(my_application PRIVATE volk_headers)
and in the code:
/* ...any logic setting VK_USE_PLATFORM_WIN32_KHR and friends... */ #define VOLK_IMPLEMENTATION #include "volk.h"
The above example use
add_subdirectory to include volk into CMake's build tree. This is a good choice if you copy the volk files into your project tree or as a git submodule.
Volk also supports installation and config-file packages. Installation is disabled by default (so as to not pollute user projects with install rules), and can be disabled by passing
-DVOLK_INSTALL=ON to CMake. Once installed, do something like
find_package(volk CONFIG REQUIRED) in your project's CMakeLists.txt. The imported volk targets are called
This library is available to anybody free of charge, under the terms of MIT License (see LICENSE.md).