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AIS message decoding in Python
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Latest commit 97758ba Nov 17, 2019

README.md

pyais

codecov

AIS message decoding. 100% pure Python.

General

This module contains functions to decode and parse Automatic Identification System (AIS) serial messages. For detailed information about AIS refer to the AIS standard.

Usage

Using this module is easy. If you want to parse a file, that contains AIS messages, just copy the following code and replace filename with your desired filename.

from pyais import FileReaderStream

filename = "sample.ais"

for msg in FileReaderStream(filename):
    decoded_message = msg.decode()
    ais_content = decoded_message.content

It is possible to directly convert messages into JSON.

from pyais import TCPStream

for msg in TCPStream('ais.exploratorium.edu'):
    json_data = msg.decode().to_json()

You can also parse a single message encoded as bytes or from a string:

message = NMEAMessage(b"!AIVDM,1,1,,B,15M67FC000G?ufbE`FepT@3n00Sa,0*5C")
message = NMEAMessage.from_string("!AIVDM,1,1,,B,15M67FC000G?ufbE`FepT@3n00Sa,0*5C")

See the example folder for more examples.

Performance Considerations

You may refer to the Code Review Stack Exchange question. After a some research I decided to use the bitarray module as foundation. This module uses a C extension under the hood and has a nice user interface in Python. Performance is also great. Decoding this sample with roughly 85k messages takes less than 6 seconds on my machine. For comparison, the C++ based libais module parses the same file in ~ 2 seconds.

Disclaimer

This module is a private project of mine and does not claim to be complete. I try to improve and extend it, but there may be bugs. If you find such a bug feel free to submit an issue or even better create a pull-request. :-)

Coverage

Currently this module is able to decode most message types. There are only a few exceptions. These are messages that only occur in very rare cases and that you will probably never observe. The module was able to completely decode a 4 hour stream with real-time data from San Francisco Bay Area without any errors or problems. If you find a bug or missing feature, please create an issue.

Tests

You should run all tests before you submit a new pull request to prevent regressions. Also run flake8.

Without Coverage

  • python -m unittest discover tests && flake8

With Coverage

  • pip install coverage
  • coverage run --source=pyais -m unittest discover tests && coverage report -m && flake8
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