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RustCrypto: hashes Project Chat dependency status

Collection of cryptographic hash functions written in pure Rust.

All algorithms reside in the separate crates and implemented using traits from digest crate. Additionally all crates do not require the standard library (i.e. no_std capable) and can be easily used for bare-metal or WebAssembly programming.

Supported algorithms

Note: For new applications, or where compatibility with other existing standards is not a primary concern, we strongly recommend to use either BLAKE2, SHA-2 or SHA-3.

Name Algorithm Documentation Build Status Security
blake2 BLAKE2 Documentation build 💚
gost94 GOST94 (GOST R 34.11-94) Documentation build 💛
groestl Grøstl (Groestl) Documentation build 💚
k12 KangarooTwelve Documentation build 💚
md2 MD2 Documentation build 💔
md4 MD4 Documentation build 💔
md-5 MD5 Documentation build 💔
ripemd160 RIPEMD-160 Documentation build 💚
ripemd320 RIPEMD-320 Documentation build 💚*
sha-1 SHA-1 Documentation build 💔
sha2 SHA-2 Documentation build 💚
sha3 SHA-3 (Keccak) Documentation build 💚
shabal SHABAL Documentation build 💚
streebog Streebog (GOST R 34.11-2012) Documentation build 💛
tiger Tiger Documentation build 💚
whirlpool Whirlpool Documentation build 💚

NOTE: the BLAKE3 crate implements the digest (and crypto-mac) traits used by the rest of the hashes in this repository, but is maintained by the BLAKE3 team.

* RIPEMD-320 provides only the same security as RIPEMD-160

Crate names

Whenever possible crates are published under the the same name as the crate folder. Owners of md5 and sha1 crates declined (1, 2) to participate in this project. This is why crates marked by are published under md-5 and sha-1 names respectively.

Security Level Legend

The following describes the security level ratings associated with each hash function (i.e. algorithms, not the specific implementation):

Heart Description
💚 No known successful attacks
💛 Theoretical break: security lower than claimed
💔 Attack demonstrated in practice: avoid if at all possible

See the Security page on Wikipedia for more information.

Minimum Supported Rust Version (MSRV)

All crates in this repository support Rust 1.21 or higher. In future minimally supported version of Rust can be changed, but it will be done with a minor version bump.


Let us demonstrate how to use crates in this repository using BLAKE2b as an example.

First add blake2 crate to your Cargo.toml:

blake2 = "0.9"

Note that crates in this repository have an enabled by default std feature. So if you plan to use the crate in no_std environments, don't forget to disable it:

blake2 = { version="0.9", default-features = false }

blake2 and other crates re-export digest crate and Digest trait for convenience, so you don't have to add digest crate as an explicit dependency.

Now you can write the following code:

use blake2::{Blake2b, Digest};

let mut hasher = Blake2b::new();
let data = b"Hello world!";
// `update` can be called repeatedly and is generic over `AsRef<[u8]>`
hasher.update("String data");
// Note that calling `finalize()` consumes hasher
let hash = hasher.finalize();
println!("Result: {:x}", hash);

In this example hash has type GenericArray<u8, U64>, which is a generic alternative to [u8; 64].

Alternatively you can use chained approach, which is equivalent to the previous example:

use blake2::{Blake2b, Digest};

let hash = Blake2b::new()
    .chain(b"Hello world!")
    .chain("String data")
println!("Result: {:x}", hash);

If the whole message is available you also can use convenience digest method:

use blake2::{Blake2b, Digest};

let hash = Blake2b::digest(b"my message");
println!("Result: {:x}", hash);

Hashing Readable objects

If you want to hash data from Read trait (e.g. from file) you can rely on implementation of Write trait (requires an enabled-by-default std feature):

use blake2::{Blake2b, Digest};
use std::{fs, io};

let mut file = fs::File::open(&path)?;
let mut hasher = Blake2b::new();
let n = io::copy(&mut file, &mut hasher)?;
let hash = hasher.finalize();
println!("Path: {}", path);
println!("Bytes processed: {}", n);
println!("Hash value: {:x}", hash);

Hash-based Message Authentication Code (HMAC)

If you want to calculate Hash-based Message Authentication Code (HMAC), you can use generic implementation from hmac crate, which is a part of the RustCrypto/MACs repository.

Generic code

You can write generic code over Digest (or other traits from digest crate) trait which will work over different hash functions:

use digest::Digest;
use blake2::Blake2b;
use sha2::Sha256;

// Toy example, do not use it in practice!
// Instead use crates from:
fn hash_password<D: Digest>(password: &str, salt: &str, output: &mut [u8]) {
    let mut hasher = D::new();

let mut buf1 = [0u8; 64];
hash_password::<Blake2b>("my_password", "abcd", &mut buf1);

let mut buf2 = [0u8; 32];
hash_password::<Sha256>("my_password", "abcd", &mut buf2);

If you want to use hash functions with trait objects, use digest::DynDigest trait.


All crates licensed under either of

at your option.


Unless you explicitly state otherwise, any contribution intentionally submitted for inclusion in the work by you, as defined in the Apache-2.0 license, shall be dual licensed as above, without any additional terms or conditions.