Doug Burks edited this page Jun 14, 2018 · 8 revisions


FreqServer is based on and (originally created by Mark Baggett).
Thanks to Justin Henderson for all his work with the FreqServer docker image!


Mark Baggett's (@MarkBaggett - GSE #15, SANS SEC573 Author) Awesome-Sauce tool for detecting randomness using NLP techniques rather than pure entropy calculations. Uses character pair frequency analysis to determine the likelihood of tested strings of characters occurring based upon the chosen frequency tables (some prebuilt English text freq tables provided). Extremely useful for detecting high entropy where it shouldn't be. Especially powerful for discovering DNS based DGAs commonly used for malware C2 and exfiltration. Think bigger than DGAs though. Random file names, script names, process names, service names, workstation names, TLS certificate subjects and issuer subjects, etc.

From is a multithreaded web based API that will allow you to quickly query your frequency tables. The server isn’t intended to replace Instead, after building a frequency table of normal strings in your environment with, you start a server up to allow services to measure various strings against that table. You can run multiple servers to provide access to different frequency tables.


For information how to modify configuration for FreqServer, consult the following:

FreqServer is disabled by default when running Production Mode with Best Practices.
You can enable it by doing the following:

sudo sed -i 's/FREQ_SERVER_ENABLED="no"/FREQ_SERVER_ENABLED="yes"/' /etc/nsm/securityonion.conf
sudo so-elastic-start
sudo so-logstash-restart

FreqServer's logs can be found in /var/log/freq_server/.


You can find FreqServer data on the Frequency Analysis dashboard.

DNS Frequency Analysis

freq1-dns freq2-dns

HTTP Frequency Analysis


SSL Frequency Analysis

freq4-ssl freq5-ssl freq6-ssl

X.509 Frequency Analysis

freq7-x509 freq8-x509 freq9-x509

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