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Json-Node-Normalizer

NodeJS module that normalize json data types from json schema specifications.

npm version CircleCI Codacy Badge Codacy Badge JavaScript Style Guide Node 12.3 Uses yarn License

Json-Node-Normalizer Schema

Features

  • Convert / Cast Json Node type to another type :
    • From Json Schema Specifications
    • From Json Path
  • Supported types :
    • string
    • number, integer
    • array
    • boolean
    • null
  • Json Schema $Ref / Definitions support

Installation

Add the latest version of json-node-normalizer to your package.json:

npm install json-node-normalizer --save

Node.js Usage

const JsonNodeNormalizer = require('json-node-normalizer');
const normalizedJson = await JsonNodeNormalizer.normalize(jsonData, jsonSchema);

Use case

We have a json object with incorrect type formats :

const jsonData = {
   "fields":{
      "id": 123, // Must be a string
      "name":"my_name",
      "firstName":"firstName",
      "age": "31", // Must be a number
      "phone": "33600000010", // Must be a number
      "orders": [{ 
         // Must contain a "label" fields with default value
         "articles": { // Must be an array
           "price": "15.4"
         }
      }],
      "externalData": {
         "id": "1234"
      },  // Must be a null
      "active": "true" // Must be a boolean
   }
}

We want to normalize json object to match with a Json Schema :

const jsonSchema = {
   "fields":{
      "type":"object",
      "properties":{
         "id":{
            "type": "string"
         },
         "name":{
            "type": "string"
         },
         "firstName":{
            "type": "string"
         },
         "age":{
            "type": "number"
         },
         "phone":{
            "type": "integer"
         },
         "orders":{
            "type": "array",
            "items":{
               "label":{
                  "type": "string",
                  "default": "Empty order"
               },
               "articles": {
                  "type": "array",
                  "items": {
                    "price": { "type": "string" }
                  }
               }
            }
         },
         "externalData": {
            "type": "null"
         },
         "active":{
            "type": "boolean"
         }
      }
   }
}

We can use JsonNodeNormalizer to normalize our json data :

const JsonNodeNormalizer = require('json-node-normalizer');
const result = await JsonNodeNormalizer.normalize(jsonData, jsonSchema);

Result :

result = {
   "fields":{
      "id": "123",
      "name": "my_name",
      "firstName": "firstName",
      "age": 31,
      "phone": 33600000010,
      "orders":[{
         "label": "Empty order", 
         "articles": [{
           "price": "15.4"
         }]
      }],
      "externalData": null,
      "active": true
   }
}

Other Example

Code sample :

    // Given
    const dataToNormalize = { 
      data: { 
        enable: 'true' // MUST BE CONVERTED TO BOOLEAN
      } 
    };
    const jsonSchema = {
      data: {
        type: 'object',
        properties: {
          enable: {
            type: 'boolean'
          }
        }
      }
    };
    const result = await JsonNodeNormalizer.normalize(dataToNormalize, jsonSchema);

Result :

result = {
   "data":{
      "enable": true
   }
}

You can find some other examples in 'tests' project folder.

Normalize node(s) from path (Without Json-Schema)

You can also use normalizePaths method if you do not want to use the schema json.

const { JsonNodeNormalizer, NodeTypes } = require('json-node-normalizer');
let normalizedJson = JsonNodeNormalizer.normalizePaths({ jsonNode: jsonData, paths: ['.fields.id'], type: NodeTypes.NUMBER_TYPE });
normalizedJson = JsonNodeNormalizer.normalizePaths({ jsonNode: jsonData, paths: ['.fields.orders'], type: NodeTypes.ARRAY_TYPE });
normalizedJson = JsonNodeNormalizer.normalizePaths({ jsonNode: jsonData, paths: ['.fields.orders[*].label'], type: NodeTypes.STRING_TYPE });

// You can also normalize each element with name 'active' for example...
normalizedJson = JsonNodeNormalizer.normalizePaths({ jsonNode: jsonData, paths: ['..active'], type: NodeTypes.BOOLEAN_TYPE });

Set default node(s) value from path (Without Json-Schema)

You can also use normalizePaths method to set default value (if value doesn't exist).

const { JsonNodeNormalizer, NodeTypes } = require('json-node-normalizer');
let normalizedJson = JsonNodeNormalizer.normalizePaths({ jsonNode: jsonData, paths: ['.fields.orders[*].label'], type: NodeTypes.STRING_TYPE, defaultValue: 'Empty Order' });

Play with Swagger 2 & Openapi 3 specification

In Swagger 2 and Openapi 3 specification, you can use $ref, allOf, anyOf, oneOf in definition of objects

If you want use a definition of object with this key words, you need flatter the definition like this:

const openapi_spec_flattered = JsonNodeNormalizer.oasFlatten(openapi_spec);

Example with a Swagger 2 specification:

cont openapi_spec = require('./docs/my-swagger.json');
openapi_spec_flattered = JsonNodeNormalizer.oasFlatten(openapi_spec);
...
jsonData = {
   id: 1
   name: 'Rex',
   color: 'brown chocolate'
}
...
const normalizedJson = await JsonNodeNormalizer.normalize(jsonData, openapi_spec_flattered.definitions.Pet);
...

JsonPath Documentation

See https://github.com/json-path/JsonPath for more information about JsonPath expressions.

Logging Level

Log events can have different severity levels - in some cases, you just want to log events with at least a warning level, sometimes log lines have to be more verbose.

Each level is given a specific integer priority. The higher the priority the more important the message is considered to be.

Level Priority
debug 4
info (default) 2
error 0

By default the logging level is set to 'info'.

You can override the logging level by setting the JSON_NODE_NORMALIZER_LOGGING_LEVEL environment variable.

JsonNodeNormalizer Configuration

For more specific usages, you can specify some configuration parameters when you use 'normalize' method :

Normalization type field name

Could be used in case that you want to use other field than 'type' to specify the target normalization type.

Code sample :

    // Given
    const dataToNormalize = { 
      data: { 
        enable: 'true' // MUST BE CONVERTED TO BOOLEAN
      } 
    };
    const jsonSchema = {
      data: {
        type: 'object',
        properties: {
          enable: {
            normalization_type: 'boolean'  // 'type' by default but in that case we want to use 'normalization_type'
          }
        }
      }
    };
    const config = {
      fieldNames: {
        type: 'normalization_type' // Configure target normalization field name here !
      }
    };
    const result = await JsonNodeNormalizer.normalize(dataToNormalize, jsonSchema, config);

Result :

result = {
   "data":{
      "enable": true
   }
}

License

MIT License.