Enhanced WebView component for Android that works as intended out of the box
Java

README.md

AdvancedWebView

Enhanced WebView component for Android that works as intended out of the box

Requirements

  • Android 2.2+

Installation

  • Add this library to your project

    • Declare the Gradle repository in your root build.gradle

      allprojects {
         repositories {
             maven { url "https://jitpack.io" }
         }
      }
    • Declare the Gradle dependency in your app module's build.gradle

      dependencies {
         compile 'com.github.delight-im:Android-AdvancedWebView:v3.0.0'
      }

Usage

AndroidManifest.xml

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET" />

Layout (XML)

<im.delight.android.webview.AdvancedWebView
    android:id="@+id/webview"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent" />

Activity (Java)

Without Fragments

public class MyActivity extends Activity implements AdvancedWebView.Listener {

    private AdvancedWebView mWebView;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_my);

        mWebView = (AdvancedWebView) findViewById(R.id.webview);
        mWebView.setListener(this, this);
        mWebView.loadUrl("http://www.example.org/");

        // ...
    }

    @SuppressLint("NewApi")
    @Override
    protected void onResume() {
        super.onResume();
        mWebView.onResume();
        // ...
    }

    @SuppressLint("NewApi")
    @Override
    protected void onPause() {
        mWebView.onPause();
        // ...
        super.onPause();
    }

    @Override
    protected void onDestroy() {
        mWebView.onDestroy();
        // ...
        super.onDestroy();
    }

    @Override
    protected void onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent intent) {
        super.onActivityResult(requestCode, resultCode, intent);
        mWebView.onActivityResult(requestCode, resultCode, intent);
        // ...
    }

    @Override
    public void onBackPressed() {
        if (!mWebView.onBackPressed()) { return; }
        // ...
        super.onBackPressed();
    }

    @Override
    public void onPageStarted(String url, Bitmap favicon) { }

    @Override
    public void onPageFinished(String url) { }

    @Override
    public void onPageError(int errorCode, String description, String failingUrl) { }

    @Override
    public void onDownloadRequested(String url, String suggestedFilename, String mimeType, long contentLength, String contentDisposition, String userAgent) { }

    @Override
    public void onExternalPageRequest(String url) { }

}

With Fragments (android.app.Fragment)

Note: If you're using the Fragment class from the support library (android.support.v4.app.Fragment), please refer to the next section (see below) instead of this one.

public class MyFragment extends Fragment implements AdvancedWebView.Listener {

    private AdvancedWebView mWebView;

    public MyFragment() { }

    @Override
    public View onCreateView(LayoutInflater inflater, ViewGroup container, Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        View rootView = inflater.inflate(R.layout.fragment_my, container, false);

        mWebView = (AdvancedWebView) rootView.findViewById(R.id.webview);
        mWebView.setListener(this, this);
        mWebView.loadUrl("http://www.example.org/");

        // ...

        return rootView;
    }

    @SuppressLint("NewApi")
    @Override
    public void onResume() {
        super.onResume();
        mWebView.onResume();
        // ...
    }

    @SuppressLint("NewApi")
    @Override
    public void onPause() {
        mWebView.onPause();
        // ...
        super.onPause();
    }

    @Override
    public void onDestroy() {
        mWebView.onDestroy();
        // ...
        super.onDestroy();
    }

    @Override
    public void onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent intent) {
        super.onActivityResult(requestCode, resultCode, intent);
        mWebView.onActivityResult(requestCode, resultCode, intent);
        // ...
    }

    @Override
    public void onPageStarted(String url, Bitmap favicon) { }

    @Override
    public void onPageFinished(String url) { }

    @Override
    public void onPageError(int errorCode, String description, String failingUrl) { }

    @Override
    public void onDownloadRequested(String url, String suggestedFilename, String mimeType, long contentLength, String contentDisposition, String userAgent) { }

    @Override
    public void onExternalPageRequest(String url) { }

}

With Fragments from the support library (android.support.v4.app.Fragment)

  • Use the code for normal Fragment usage as shown above
  • Change

    mWebView.setListener(this, this);

    to

    mWebView.setListener(getActivity(), this);
  • Add the following code to the parent FragmentActivity in order to forward the results from the FragmentActivity to the appropriate Fragment instance

    public class MyActivity extends FragmentActivity implements AdvancedWebView.Listener {
    
    @Override
    public void onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent intent) {
        super.onActivityResult(requestCode, resultCode, intent);
        if (mFragment != null) {
            mFragment.onActivityResult(requestCode, resultCode, intent);
        }
    }
    
    }

ProGuard (if enabled)

-keep class * extends android.webkit.WebChromeClient { *; }
-dontwarn im.delight.android.webview.**

Features

  • Optimized for best performance and security
  • Features are patched across Android versions
  • File uploads are handled automatically (check availability with AdvancedWebView.isFileUploadAvailable())
    • Multiple file uploads via single input fields (multiple attribute in HTML) are supported on Android 5.0+. The application that is used to pick the files (i.e. usually a gallery or file manager app) must provide controls for selecting multiple files, which some apps don't.
  • JavaScript and WebStorage are enabled by default
  • Includes localizations for the 25 most widely spoken languages
  • Receive callbacks when pages start/finish loading or have errors

    @Override
    public void onPageStarted(String url, Bitmap favicon) {
       // a new page started loading
    }
    
    @Override
    public void onPageFinished(String url) {
       // the new page finished loading
    }
    
    @Override
    public void onPageError(int errorCode, String description, String failingUrl) {
       // the new page failed to load
    }
  • Downloads are handled automatically and can be listened to

    @Override
    public void onDownloadRequested(String url, String suggestedFilename, String mimeType, long contentLength, String contentDisposition, String userAgent) {
       // some file is available for download
       // either handle the download yourself or use the code below
    
       if (AdvancedWebView.handleDownload(this, url, suggestedFilename)) {
           // download successfully handled
       }
       else {
           // download couldn't be handled because user has disabled download manager app on the device
           // TODO show some notice to the user
       }
    }
  • Enable geolocation support (needs <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION" />)

    mWebView.setGeolocationEnabled(true);
  • Add custom HTTP headers in addition to the ones sent by the web browser implementation

    mWebView.addHttpHeader("X-Requested-With", "My wonderful app");
  • Define a custom set of permitted hostnames and receive callbacks for all other hostnames

    mWebView.addPermittedHostname("example.org");

    and

    @Override
    public void onExternalPageRequest(String url) {
       // the user tried to open a page from a non-permitted hostname
    }
  • Prevent caching of HTML pages

    boolean preventCaching = true;
    mWebView.loadUrl("http://www.example.org/", preventCaching);
  • Check for alternative browsers installed on the device

    if (AdvancedWebView.Browsers.hasAlternative(this)) {
       AdvancedWebView.Browsers.openUrl(this, "http://www.example.org/");
    }
  • Disable cookies

    // disable third-party cookies only
    mWebView.setThirdPartyCookiesEnabled(false);
    // or disable cookies in general
    mWebView.setCookiesEnabled(false);
  • Disallow mixed content (HTTP content being loaded inside HTTPS sites)

    mWebView.setMixedContentAllowed(false);
  • Switch between mobile and desktop mode

    mWebView.setDesktopMode(true);
    // or
    // mWebView.setDesktopMode(false);
  • Load HTML file from "assets" (e.g. at app/src/main/assets/html/index.html)

    mWebView.loadUrl("file:///android_asset/html/index.html");
  • Load HTML source text and display as page

    myWebView.loadHtml("<html>...</html>");
    
    // or
    
    final String myBaseUrl = "http://www.example.com/";
    myWebView.loadHtml("<html>...</html>", myBaseUrl);
  • Enable multi-window support

    myWebView.getSettings().setSupportMultipleWindows(true);
    // myWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(true);
    // myWebView.getSettings().setJavaScriptCanOpenWindowsAutomatically(true);
    
    myWebView.setWebChromeClient(new WebChromeClient() {
    
       @Override
       public boolean onCreateWindow(WebView view, boolean isDialog, boolean isUserGesture, Message resultMsg) {
           AdvancedWebView newWebView = new AdvancedWebView(MyNewActivity.this);
           // myParentLayout.addView(newWebView, LayoutParams.MATCH_PARENT, LayoutParams.MATCH_PARENT);
           WebView.WebViewTransport transport = (WebView.WebViewTransport) resultMsg.obj;
           transport.setWebView(newWebView);
           resultMsg.sendToTarget();
    
           return true;
       }
    
    }

Contributing

All contributions are welcome! If you wish to contribute, please create an issue first so that your feature, problem or question can be discussed.

License

This project is licensed under the terms of the MIT License.