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README.md

PHP baseimage based on debian

PHP baseimage based on debian because we can use the PHP packages built by Ondřej Surý.

Info

The baseimage has sufficient packages installed to be able to use composer. And it also has composer, xdebug and optionally tideways that can be enabled for development.

Usage

You can simply run a php container based on dockerwest. Note that you will have to set which specific base version you want to use. The dockerwest images do not have a 'latest' tag. See Versions to find out what versions are supported.

$ docker run dockerwest/php:<version>

Will run the chosen version php-fpm

$ docker run dockerwest/php:<version> <some command>

Will run the command with the www-data user.

$ docker run dockerwest/php:<version> /bin/bash

Will give you a container where you are logged in as root

Building with dockerwest as base

When you use the dockerwest php images as base and you have to add additional commands or checks before a command can be executed you can add an additional shell script named /prepare-command.sh. The commands you put in that script will be run after our normal prepare but before the command you pass along so by default before php-fpm.

Healthcheck

When you run php-fpm in the containers the healthcheck will monitor php-fpm and when there is an issue the state will change from healthy to unhealthy. When you use the images to just run some other commands we will automatically assume the health is ok so after the first interval of 10 seconds the container will be marked healthy.

To check the health you can run the following command:

$ docker inspect --format='{{json .State.Health}}' <containername>

If you only want to get the textual state you can go further and use

$ docker inspect --format='{{lower .State.Health.Status}}' <containername>

Environment variables

C_UID / C_GID

We have the C_UID and C_GID environment variables if you want to change the UID and/or GID of www-data.

$ docker run -e C_UID=1000 -e G_UID=1000 dockerwest/php:<version>

To run php-fpm as user www-data with UID 1000 and GID 1000, can be usefull for development on Unix like machines.

DEVELOPMENT

There is the DEVELOPMENT environment variable wich will enable xdebug, composer and enable timestamp checking in opcache. Additionally it will enable the use of the PHP_EXTRA_MODULES environment variable.

$ docker run -e DEVELOPMENT=1 dockerwest/php:<version>

When DEVELOPMENT is enabled xdebug should work out of the box. When you have issues - like while running docker for mac - you can set the extra environment variable XDEBUG_CONFIG with your hosts ip in it so xdebug can properly connect back.

example:

$ docker run -e DEVELOPMENT=1 -e "XDEBUG_CONFIG=remote_host=192.168.65.1" dockerwest/php:<version>

PHP_EXTRA_MODULES

You can install extra php modules when starting a new container by using the PHP_EXTRA_MODULES environment variable, this requires the DEVELOPMENT environment variable. For production ready images make use of the /usr/local/bin/extensions helper to install addtional PHP modules.

$ docker run -e DEVELOPMENT=1 -e "PHP_EXTRA_MODULES=mongodb zmq" dockerwest/php:<version>

PROFILER

When a supported 'profiler' is set in the PROFILER environment variable, that specific profiler will be enabled. See the Profilers section if extra configuration is needed to use the selected profiler.

Currently the following profilers are supported:

  • xdebug
  • xhprof
  • tideways
  • blackfire

extensions

The base image contains a extensions helper that helps you installing available php extensions. It can be found at /usr/local/bin/extensions and has 3 'functions'.

list extensions

This will list all available precompiled extensions that can be installed. Some special extensions like xdebug and tideways are excluded from the list since those can be controlled via environment variables.

$ extensions -l
amqp
apcu
apcu-bc
ast
bcmath
bz2
cgi
cli
common
curl
dba
ds
enchant
fpm
gd
gearman
geoip
gmagick
gmp
http
igbinary
imagick
imap
interbase
intl
json
ldap
mailparse
mbstring
mcrypt
memcache
memcached
mongo
mongodb
msgpack
mysql
oauth
odbc
opcache
pear
pecl-http
pgsql
phpdbg
propro
pspell
radius
raphf
readline
recode
redis
rrd
sass
smbclient
snmp
soap
sodium
solr
sqlite3
ssh2
stomp
sybase
tidy
uploadprogress
uuid
xcache
xml
xmlrpc
xsl
yac
yaml
zip
zmq

install extensions

We can install additional PHP extensions with the tool, just give a space separated list of extensions you need and those will be added to your installation.

$ extensions -i mongodb
Reading package lists...
Building dependency tree...
Reading state information...
The following NEW packages will be installed:
  php-mongodb
0 upgraded, 1 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded.
Need to get 498 kB of archives.
After this operation, 3704 kB of additional disk space will be used.
Get:1 https://packages.sury.org/php stretch/main amd64 php-mongodb amd64 1.3.3-1+0~20180314122024.4+stretch~1.gbpc062c6 [498 kB]
debconf: delaying package configuration, since apt-utils is not installed
Fetched 498 kB in 0s (967 kB/s)
                               Selecting previously unselected package php-mongodb.
(Reading database ... 11653 files and directories currently installed.)
Preparing to unpack .../php-mongodb_1.3.3-1+0~20180314122024.4+stretch~1.gbpc062c6_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking php-mongodb (1.3.3-1+0~20180314122024.4+stretch~1.gbpc062c6) ...
Setting up php-mongodb (1.3.3-1+0~20180314122024.4+stretch~1.gbpc062c6) ...

dump available extensions in a php cache file

There is a possibility to dump a php file with the available extensions listed. This is more needed if you have a slow disk or something and having issues with the regular reading of the debian package files. When the 'cache' file is found it will be used instead of the debian package cache to list the available PHP extensions.

$ extensions -d

Profilers

xdebug

When we choose to profile with xdebug, all requests and cli runs will write their run profile in the /xdebug folder. You can analyse the grind files with kcachegrind or qcachegrind and try to find your possible bottlenecks.

xhprof

When xhprof is enabled, all requests, cli runs will write their run profile in the /xhprof folder. The choice was made to to it like this so your current application is not polluted with eventually additional modules you might not need. The easiest way to view and analyze your profiles is with xhgui which has a dependency on mongodb. You can find a docker-compose extension sample in xhgui.

Tideways

When we use tideways it will give us more information about different parts of our application. We can use the profiling by installing tideways-chrome. By using Tideways you get a few extra environment variables:

  • TIDEWAYS_APIKEY: required, set your api key from the dashbord
  • TIDEWAYS_SAMPLERATE: optional, set the samplerate
  • TIDEWAYS_FRAMEWORK: set to the framework you are using
  • TIDEWAYS_COLLECT: check the tideways documentation how to use this
  • TIDEWAYS_MONITOR: check the tideways documentation how to use this

You can find extended documentation about tideways here: tideways-documentation

Note: You will need to setup the tideways daemon to get your information sent to tideways.io

Blackfire

When we use blackfire we need the blackfire/blackfire daemon. There we need to configure our BLACKFIRE_SERVER_ID and BLACKFIRE_SERVER_TOKEN. The application container must be able to reach the blackfire daemon under the name 'blackfire'. To start profiling your application you can install the blackfire-chrome. For completeness you can add BLACKFIRE_CLIENT_ID and BLACKFIRE_CLIENT_TOKEN environment variables to your blackfire daemon configuration.

If you are logged into blackfire you can find those environment variables at the docker documentation.

For more documentation about blackfire see: blackfire-documentation

Mailcatcher

When you use this in development mode with mailcatcher or mailhog, you must give it the hostname mailcatcher to have it all working fine.

Rootless operation

When using --user or create a child image where you set USER in the Dockerfile, you should use www-data, everything inside the image is prepared for use with www-data using uid 33 and gid 33. There is a slight drawback, when running as user you can no longer run the privileged parts, so no installation of new extensions. But extensions can be enabled and disabled, profilers can be enabled or disabled and used.

Demo example Dockerfile for rootless production:

FROM dockerwest/php:7.2
RUN /usr/local/bin/extensions -i amqp  && /usr/local/bin/permissions
USER www-data

The permissions helper will make sure that the PHP parts are prepared for rootless operation.

If you want to allow rootless operation of you modified dockerwest image you must run the permissions helper

Versions

The following versions are available:

  • 5.6 : supported until 31 Dec 2018
  • 7.0 : supported until 3 Dec 2018
  • 7.1 : supported until 1 Dec 2019
  • 7.2 : supported until 30 Nov 2020

License

MIT License (MIT). See license for more information.

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