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README.md

Giraffe

Giraffe Template

Giraffe web application template for the dotnet new command.

NuGet Info

Build History

Table of contents

Installation

The easiest way to install the Giraffe template is by running the following command in your terminal:

dotnet new -i "giraffe-template::*"

This will pull and install the latest giraffe-template NuGet package into your .NET environment and make it available to subsequent dotnet new commands.

Updating the template

Whenever there is a new version of the Giraffe template you can update it by re-running the instructions from the installation.

You can also explicitly set the version when installing the template:

dotnet new -i "giraffe-template::1.0.0"

Basics

After the template has been installed you can create a new Giraffe web application by simply running dotnet new giraffe in your terminal:

dotnet new giraffe

If you wish to use Paket for your dependency management use the --Paket or -P parameter when creating a new application:

dotnet new giraffe --Paket

The Giraffe template only supports the F# language at the moment (given that Giraffe is an F# web framework this is on purpose).

Further information and more help can be found by running dotnet new giraffe --help in your terminal.

Template Options

ViewEngine

The Giraffe template supports four project templates, three different view engines and one API only template:

  • giraffe (default)
  • razor
  • dotliquid
  • none

Use the --ViewEngine parameter (short -V) to set one of the supported values from above:

dotnet new giraffe --ViewEngine razor

The same command can be abbreviated using the -V parameter:

dotnet new giraffe -V razor

If you do not specify the --ViewEngine parameter then the dotnet new giraffe command will automatically create a Giraffe web application with the Giraffe.ViewEngine templating engine.

Solution

When running dotnet new giraffe the created project will only be a single Giraffe project which can be added to an existing .NET Core solution. However, when generating a new Giraffe project from a blank sheet then the --Solution (or short -S) parameter can simplify the generation of an entire solution, including a .sln file and accompanied test projects:

dotnet new giraffe --Solution

This will create the following structure:

src/
  - AppName/
      - Views/
          - ...
      - WebRoot/
          - ...
      - Models.fs
      - Program.fs
      ...
tests/
  - AppName.Tests/
      - Tests.fs
      ...
build.bat
build.sh
AppName.sln
README.md

ExcludeTests

When creating a new Giraffe application with the --Solution (-S) flag enabled, then by default the outputted project structure will include a unit test project as well. If this is not desired then add the --ExcludeTests or short handed -E parameter to prevent tests from being created:

dotnet new giraffe -S -E

Paket

If you prefer Paket for managing your project dependencies then specify the --Paket (or -P) parameter to do so:

dotnet new giraffe --Paket

This will exclude the package references from the .fsproj files and include the needed paket.dependencies and paket.references files.

For more information regarding the NuGet management and restore options via Paket please see the official Paket documentation for details.

Known Issues

Cyclic reference

Please be aware that you cannot name your project "giraffe" (dotnet new giraffe -o giraffe) as this will lead the .NET Core CLI to fail with the error NU1108-Cycle detected when trying to resolve the project's dependencies.

The same happens if you run a blanket dotnet new giraffe from within a folder which is called Giraffe as well.

.NET Core 2.0 issues

The dotnet new giraffe command was temporarily broken in certain versions of .NET Core 2.x where all templates with a single supported language (e.g. like Giraffe which only supports F#) were throwing an error.

The affected SDKs are 2.1.x where x < 300. The issue has been fixed in the SDK versions 2.1.300+.

If you do run into this issue the workaround is to explicitly specify the language:

dotnet new giraffe -lang F#

Using Visual Studio

The basic giraffe template doesn't work with IIS Express which may be the default IIS used by Visual Studio 2017 to build & publish your application. Make sure to change your drop-down (the top of your window, next to the other Configuration Manager settings) IIS setting to be the name of your project and NOT IIS Express.

Example:

IIS Express Giraffe Template

Nightly builds and NuGet feed

All official Giraffe packages are published to the official and public NuGet feed.

Unofficial builds (such as pre-release builds from the develop branch and pull requests) produce unofficial pre-release NuGet packages which can be pulled from the project's public NuGet feed on AppVeyor:

https://ci.appveyor.com/nuget/giraffe-template

If you add this source to your NuGet CLI or project settings then you can pull unofficial NuGet packages for quick feature testing or urgent hot fixes.

Contributing

Please use the ./build.ps1 PowerShell script to build and test the Giraffe template before submitting a PR.

The ./build.ps1 PowerShell script comes with the following feature switches:

Switch Description
No switch The default script without a switch will build all projects and run all tests before producing a Giraffe template NuGet package.
InstallTemplate After successfully creating a new NuGet package for the Giraffe template the -InstallTemplate switch will uninstall any existing Giraffe templates before installing the freshly built template again.
CreatePermutations The -CreatePermutations switch does everything what the -InstallTemplate switch does plus it will create a new test project for each individual permutation of the Giraffe template options. All test projects will be created under the .temp folder. An existing folder of the same name will be cleared before creating all test projects.
TestPermutations The -TestPermutations switch does everything what the -CreatePermutations switch does plus it will build all test projects and execute their unit tests. This is the most comprehensive build and will likely take several minutes before completing. It is recommended to run this build before submitting a PR.
UpdatePaketDependencies The -UpdatePaketDependencies switch does everything what the -TestPermutations switch does plus it will update the Giraffe NuGet dependencies for all Paket enabled test projects. After updating the Giraffe dependency it will automatically copy the upated paket.lock file into the correct template of the ./src folder. It is recommended to run this build when changing any dependencies for one or many templates.

Examples

Default:

Windows:

> ./build.ps1

macOS and Linux:

$ pwsh ./build.ps1

Installing the new template:

Windows:

> ./build.ps1 -InstallTemplate

macOS and Linux:

$ pwsh ./build.ps1 -InstallTemplate

Creating a test project for each permutation:

Windows:

> ./build.ps1 -CreatePermutations

macOS and Linux:

$ pwsh ./build.ps1 -CreatePermutations

Creating and testing all test projects for all permutations:

Windows:

> ./build.ps1 -TestPermutations

macOS and Linux:

$ pwsh ./build.ps1 -TestPermutations

Creating and testing all permutations and updating the paket.lock file afterwards:

Windows:

> ./build.ps1 -UpdatePaketDependencies

macOS and Linux:

$ pwsh ./build.ps1 -UpdatePaketDependencies

More information

For more information about Giraffe, how to set up a development environment, contribution guidelines and more please visit the main documentation page.

License

Apache 2.0

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