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PHPStan for Magento 2

This is an altered version of PHPStan to make it work with Magento 2 phtml files.

Download the phar file: phpstanM2

PHPStan - PHP Static Analysis Tool

Build Status Latest Stable Version License PHPStan

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PHPStan focuses on finding errors in your code without actually running it. It catches whole classes of bugs even before you write tests for the code.


PHPStan moves PHP closer to compiled languages in the sense that the correctness of each line of the code can be checked before you run the actual line.

Read more about PHPStan on »

Try out PHPStan on the on-line playground! »

Is PHPStan helping you to avoid bugs in production?

Consider supporting it on Patreon so I'm able to make it even more awesome!

It currently performs the following checks on your code:

  • Existence of classes and interfaces in instanceof, catch, typehints, other language constructs and even annotations. PHP does not do this and just stays silent instead.
  • Existence of variables while respecting scopes of branches and loops.
  • Existence and visibility of called methods and functions.
  • Existence and visibility of accessed properties and constants.
  • Correct types assigned to properties.
  • Correct number and types of parameters passed to constructors, methods and functions.
  • Correct types returned from methods and functions.
  • Correct number of parameters passed to sprintf/printf calls based on format strings.
  • Useless casts like (string) 'foo'.
  • Unused constructor parameters - they can either be deleted or the author forgot to use them in the class code.
  • That only objects are passed to the clone keyword.


Unique feature of PHPStan is the ability to define and statically check "magic" behaviour of classes - accessing properties that are not defined in the class but are created in __get and __set and invoking methods using __call.

See Class reflection extensions and Dynamic return type extensions.

You can also install already created framework-specific extensions:

Other framework-specific extension will be coming soon!


PHPStan requires PHP >= 7.0. You have to run it in environment with PHP 7.x but the actual code does not have to use PHP 7.x features. (Code written for PHP 5.6 and earlier can run on 7.x mostly unmodified.)

PHPStan works best with modern object-oriented code. The more strongly-typed your code is, the more information you give PHPStan to work with.

Properly annotated and typehinted code (class properties, function and method arguments, return types) helps not only static analysis tools but also other people that work with the code to understand it.


To start performing analysis on your code, require PHPStan in Composer:

composer require --dev phpstan/phpstan

Composer will install PHPStan's executable in its bin-dir which defaults to vendor/bin.

If you have conflicting dependencies or you want to install PHPStan globally, the best way is via a PHAR archive. You will always find the latest stable PHAR archive below the release notes. You can also use the phpstan/phpstan-shim package to install PHPStan via Composer without the risk of conflicting dependencies.

You can also use PHPStan via Docker.

First run

To let PHPStan analyse your codebase, you have use the analyse command and point it to the right directories.

So, for example if you have your classes in directories src and tests, you can run PHPStan like this:

vendor/bin/phpstan analyse src tests

PHPStan will probably find some errors, but don't worry, your code might be just fine. Errors found on the first run tend to be:

  • Extra arguments passed to functions (e. g. function requires two arguments, the code passes three)
  • Extra arguments passed to print/sprintf functions (e. g. format string contains one placeholder, the code passes two values to replace)
  • Obvious errors in dead code
  • Magic behaviour that needs to be defined. See Extensibility.

After fixing the obvious mistakes in the code, look to the following section for all the configuration options that will bring the number of reported errors to zero making PHPStan suitable to run as part of your continuous integration script.

Rule levels

If you want to use PHPStan but your codebase isn't up to speed with strong typing and PHPStan's strict checks, you can choose from currently 8 levels (0 is the loosest and 7 is the strictest) by passing --level to analyse command. Default level is 0.

This feature enables incremental adoption of PHPStan checks. You can start using PHPStan with a lower rule level and increase it when you feel like it.


Config file is passed to the phpstan executable with -c option:

vendor/bin/phpstan analyse -l 4 -c phpstan.neon src tests

When using a custom project config file, you have to pass the --level (-l) option to analyse command (default value does not apply here).

NEON file format is very similar to YAML. All the following options are part of the parameters section.


PHPStan uses Composer autoloader so the easiest way how to autoload classes is through the autoload/autoload-dev sections in composer.json.

Specify paths to scan

If PHPStan complains about some non-existent classes and you're sure the classes exist in the codebase AND you don't want to use Composer autoloader for some reason, you can specify directories to scan and concrete files to include using autoload_directories and autoload_files array parameters:

		- %rootDir%/../../../build
		- %rootDir%/../../../generated/routes/GeneratedRouteList.php

%rootDir% is expanded to the root directory where PHPStan resides.

Autoloading for global installation

PHPStan supports global installation using composer global or via a PHAR archive. In this case, it's not part of the project autoloader, but it supports autodiscovery of the Composer autoloader from current working directory residing in vendor/:

cd /path/to/project
phpstan analyse src tests # looks for autoloader at /path/to/project/vendor/autoload.php

If you have your dependencies installed at a different path or you're running PHPStan from a different directory, you can specify the path to the autoloader with the --autoload-file|-a option:

phpstan analyse --autoload-file=/path/to/autoload.php src tests

Exclude files from analysis

If your codebase contains some files that are broken on purpose (e. g. to test behaviour of your application on files with invalid PHP code), you can exclude them using the excludes_analyse array parameter. String at each line is used as a pattern for the fnmatch function.

		- %rootDir%/../../../tests/*/data/*

Include custom extensions

If your codebase contains php files with extensions other than the standard .php extension then you can add them to the fileExtensions array parameter:

		- php
		- module
		- inc

Universal object crates

Classes without predefined structure are common in PHP applications. They are used as universal holders of data - any property can be set and read on them. Notable examples include stdClass, SimpleXMLElement (these are enabled by default), objects with results of database queries etc. Use universalObjectCratesClasses array parameter to let PHPStan know which classes with these characteristics are used in your codebase:

		- Dibi\Row
		- Ratchet\ConnectionInterface

Add non-obviously assigned variables to scope

If you use the initial assignment variable after for-loop or while-loop, set polluteScopeWithLoopInitialAssignments boolean parameter to true.

for ($i = 0; $i < count($list); $i++) {
	// ...

echo $i;

If you use some variables from a try block in your catch blocks, set polluteCatchScopeWithTryAssignments boolean parameter to true.

try {
	$author = $this->getLoggedInUser();
	$post = $this->postRepository->getById($id);
} catch (PostNotFoundException $e) {
	// $author is probably defined here
	throw new ArticleByAuthorCannotBePublished($author);

If you are enumerating over all possible situations in if-elseif branches and PHPStan complains about undefined variables after the conditions, you can write an else branch with throwing an exception:

if (somethingIsTrue()) {
	$foo = true;
} elseif (orSomethingElseIsTrue()) {
	$foo = false;
} else {
	throw new ShouldNotHappenException();


I recommend leaving polluteScopeWithLoopInitialAssignments and polluteCatchScopeWithTryAssignments set to false because it leads to a clearer and more maintainable code.

Custom early terminating method calls

Previous example showed that if a condition branches end with throwing an exception, that branch does not have to define a variable used after the condition branches end.

But exceptions are not the only way how to terminate execution of a method early. Some specific method calls can be perceived by project developers also as early terminating - like a redirect() that stops execution by throwing an internal exception.

if (somethingIsTrue()) {
	$foo = true;
} elseif (orSomethingElseIsTrue()) {
	$foo = false;
} else {


These methods can be configured by specifying a class on whose instance they are called like this:

			- redirect
			- redirectUrl
			- sendJson
			- sendResponse

Ignore error messages with regular expresions

If some issue in your code base is not easy to fix or just simply want to deal with it later, you can exclude error messages from the analysis result with regular expressions:

		- '#Call to an undefined method [a-zA-Z0-9\\_]+::method\(\)#'
		- '#Call to an undefined method [a-zA-Z0-9\\_]+::expects\(\)#'
		- '#Access to an undefined property PHPUnit_Framework_MockObject_MockObject::\$[a-zA-Z0-9_]+#'
		- '#Call to an undefined method PHPUnit_Framework_MockObject_MockObject::[a-zA-Z0-9_]+\(\)#'

If some of the patterns do not occur in the result anymore, PHPStan will let you know and you will have to remove the pattern from the configuration. You can turn off this behaviour by setting reportUnmatchedIgnoredErrors to false in PHPStan configuration.

Bootstrap file

If you need to initialize something in PHP runtime before PHPStan runs (like your own autoloader), you can provide your own bootstrap file:

	bootstrap: %rootDir%/../../../phpstan-bootstrap.php

Custom rules

PHPStan allows writing custom rules to check for specific situations in your own codebase. Your rule class needs to implement the PHPStan\Rules\Rule interface and registered as a service in the configuration file:

		class: MyApp\PHPStan\Rules\DefaultValueTypesAssignedToPropertiesRule
			- phpstan.rules.rule

For inspiration on how to implement a rule turn to src/Rules to see a lot of built-in rules.

Custom error formatters

By default, PHPStan outputs found errors into tables grouped by files to be easily human-readable. To change the output, you can use the --errorFormat CLI option. There's an additional built-in raw format with one-per-line errors intended for easy parsing. You can also create your own error formatter by implementing the PHPStan\Command\ErrorFormatter\ErrorFormatter interface:

interface ErrorFormatter

	 * Formats the errors and outputs them to the console.
	 * @param \PHPStan\Command\AnalysisResult $analysisResult
	 * @param \Symfony\Component\Console\Style\OutputStyle $style
	 * @return int Error code.
	public function formatErrors(
		AnalysisResult $analysisResult,
		\Symfony\Component\Console\Style\OutputStyle $style
	): int;


Register the formatter in your phpstan.neon:

	class: App\PHPStan\AwesomeErrorFormatter

Use the name part after errorFormatter. as the CLI option value:

vendor/bin/phpstan analyse -c phpstan.neon -l 4 --errorFormat awesome src tests

Class reflection extensions

Classes in PHP can expose "magical" properties and methods decided in run-time using class methods like __get, __set and __call. Because PHPStan is all about static analysis (testing code for errors without running it), it has to know about those properties and methods beforehand.

When PHPStan stumbles upon a property or a method that is unknown to built-in class reflection, it iterates over all registered class reflection extensions until it finds one that defines the property or method.

Class reflection extension cannot have PHPStan\Broker\Broker (service for obtaining class reflections) injected in the constructor due to circular reference issue, but the extensions can implement PHPStan\Reflection\BrokerAwareClassReflectionExtension interface to obtain Broker via a setter.

Properties class reflection extensions

This extension type must implement the following interface:

namespace PHPStan\Reflection;

interface PropertiesClassReflectionExtension

	public function hasProperty(ClassReflection $classReflection, string $propertyName): bool;

	public function getProperty(ClassReflection $classReflection, string $propertyName): PropertyReflection;


Most likely you will also have to implement a new PropertyReflection class:

namespace PHPStan\Reflection;

interface PropertyReflection

	public function getType(): Type;
	public function getDeclaringClass(): ClassReflection;

	public function isStatic(): bool;

	public function isPrivate(): bool;

	public function isPublic(): bool;


This is how you register the extension in project's PHPStan config file:

		class: App\PHPStan\PropertiesFromAnnotationsClassReflectionExtension

Methods class reflection extensions

This extension type must implement the following interface:

namespace PHPStan\Reflection;

interface MethodsClassReflectionExtension

	public function hasMethod(ClassReflection $classReflection, string $methodName): bool;

	public function getMethod(ClassReflection $classReflection, string $methodName): MethodReflection;


Most likely you will also have to implement a new MethodReflection class:

namespace PHPStan\Reflection;

interface MethodReflection

	public function getDeclaringClass(): ClassReflection;

	public function getPrototype(): self;

	public function isStatic(): bool;

	public function isPrivate(): bool;

	public function isPublic(): bool;
	public function getName(): string;

	 * @return \PHPStan\Reflection\ParameterReflection[]
	public function getParameters(): array;

	public function isVariadic(): bool;

	public function getReturnType(): Type;


This is how you register the extension in project's PHPStan config file:

		class: App\PHPStan\EnumMethodsClassReflectionExtension

Dynamic return type extensions

If the return type of a method is not always the same, but depends on an argument passed to the method, you can specify the return type by writing and registering an extension.

Because you have to write the code with the type-resolving logic, it can be as complex as you want.

After writing the sample extension, the variable $mergedArticle will have the correct type:

$mergedArticle = $this->entityManager->merge($article);
// $mergedArticle will have the same type as $article

This is the interface for dynamic return type extension:

namespace PHPStan\Type;

use PhpParser\Node\Expr\MethodCall;
use PHPStan\Analyser\Scope;
use PHPStan\Reflection\MethodReflection;

interface DynamicMethodReturnTypeExtension

	public static function getClass(): string;

	public function isMethodSupported(MethodReflection $methodReflection): bool;

	public function getTypeFromMethodCall(MethodReflection $methodReflection, MethodCall $methodCall, Scope $scope): Type;


And this is how you'd write the extension that correctly resolves the EntityManager::merge() return type:

public static function getClass(): string
	return \Doctrine\ORM\EntityManager::class;

public function isMethodSupported(MethodReflection $methodReflection): bool
	return $methodReflection->getName() === 'merge';

public function getTypeFromMethodCall(MethodReflection $methodReflection, MethodCall $methodCall, Scope $scope): Type
	if (count($methodCall->args) === 0) {
		return $methodReflection->getReturnType();
	$arg = $methodCall->args[0]->value;
	$type = $scope->getType($arg);
	if ($type->getClass() !== null) {
		return $type;

	return $methodReflection->getReturnType();

And finally, register the extension to PHPStan in the project's config file:

		class: App\PHPStan\EntityManagerDynamicReturnTypeExtension

There's also an analogous functionality for static methods using DynamicStaticMethodReturnTypeExtension interface and service tag.

Known issues

  • If include or require are used in the analysed code (instead of include_once or require_once), PHPStan will throw Cannot redeclare class error. Use the _once variants to avoid this error.
  • If PHPStan crashes without outputting any error, it's quite possible that it's because of a low memory limit set on your system. Run PHPStan again to read a couple of hints what you can do to prevent the crashes.

Code of Conduct

This project adheres to a Contributor Code of Conduct. By participating in this project and its community, you are expected to uphold this code.


Any contributions are welcome.


You can either run the whole build including linting and coding standards using


or run only tests using

vendor/bin/phing tests


PHP Static Analysis Tool - discover bugs in your code without running it!



Code of conduct





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