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Non-cherry-picked random batch by just typing two words "forest elf",

without any parameter tweaking, without any strange prompt tags.

See also non-cherry-picked generalization and diversity tests here and here and here.

In the entire open source community, only Fooocus can achieve this level of non-cherry-picked quality.


Fooocus is an image generating software (based on Gradio).

Fooocus is a rethinking of Stable Diffusion and Midjourney’s designs:

  • Learned from Stable Diffusion, the software is offline, open source, and free.

  • Learned from Midjourney, the manual tweaking is not needed, and users only need to focus on the prompts and images.

Fooocus has included and automated lots of inner optimizations and quality improvements. Users can forget all those difficult technical parameters, and just enjoy the interaction between human and computer to "explore new mediums of thought and expanding the imaginative powers of the human species" [1].

Fooocus has simplified the installation. Between pressing "download" and generating the first image, the number of needed mouse clicks is strictly limited to less than 3. Minimal GPU memory requirement is 4GB (Nvidia).

[1] David Holz, 2019.

Installing Fooocus

Moving from Midjourney to Fooocus

Using Fooocus is as easy as (probably easier than) Midjourney – but this does not mean we lack functionality. Below are the details.

Midjourney Fooocus
High-quality text-to-image without needing much prompt engineering or parameter tuning.
(Unknown method)
High-quality text-to-image without needing much prompt engineering or parameter tuning.
(Fooocus has offline GPT-2 based prompt processing engine and lots of sampling improvements so that results are always beautiful, no matter your prompt is as short as “house in garden” or as long as 1000 words)
V1 V2 V3 V4 Input Image -> Upscale or Variation -> Vary (Subtle) / Vary (Strong)
U1 U2 U3 U4 Input Image -> Upscale or Variation -> Upscale (1.5x) / Upscale (2x)
Inpaint / Up / Down / Left / Right (Pan) Input Image -> Inpaint or Outpaint -> Inpaint / Up / Down / Left / Right
(Fooocus uses its own inpaint algorithm and inpaint models so that results are more satisfying than all other software that uses standard SDXL inpaint method/model)
Image Prompt Input Image -> Image Prompt
(Fooocus uses its own image prompt algorithm so that result quality and prompt understanding are more satisfying than all other software that uses standard SDXL methods like standard IP-Adapters or Revisions)
--style Advanced -> Style
--stylize Advanced -> Advanced -> Guidance
--niji Multiple launchers: "run.bat", "run_anime.bat", and "run_realistic.bat".
Fooocus support SDXL models on Civitai
(You can google search “Civitai” if you do not know about it)
--quality Advanced -> Quality
--repeat Advanced -> Image Number
Multi Prompts (::) Just use multiple lines of prompts
Prompt Weights You can use " I am (happy:1.5)".
Fooocus uses A1111's reweighting algorithm so that results are better than ComfyUI if users directly copy prompts from Civitai. (Because if prompts are written in ComfyUI's reweighting, users are less likely to copy prompt texts as they prefer dragging files)
To use embedding, you can use "(embedding:file_name:1.1)"
--no Advanced -> Negative Prompt
--ar Advanced -> Aspect Ratios
InsightFace Input Image -> Image Prompt -> Advanced -> FaceSwap

We also have a few things borrowed from the best parts of LeonardoAI:

LeonardoAI Fooocus
Prompt Magic Advanced -> Style -> Fooocus V2
Advanced Sampler Parameters (like Contrast/Sharpness/etc) Advanced -> Advanced -> Sampling Sharpness / etc
User-friendly ControlNets Input Image -> Image Prompt -> Advanced

Fooocus also developed many "fooocus-only" features for advanced users to get perfect results. Click here to browse the advanced features.



You can directly download Fooocus with:

>>> Click here to download <<<

After you download the file, please uncompress it, and then run the "run.bat".


In the first time you launch the software, it will automatically download models:

  1. It will download default models to the folder "Fooocus\models\checkpoints" given different presets. You can download them in advance if you do not want automatic download.
  2. Note that if you use inpaint, at the first time you inpaint an image, it will download Fooocus's own inpaint control model from here as the file "Fooocus\models\inpaint\inpaint_v26.fooocus.patch" (the size of this file is 1.28GB).

After Fooocus 2.1.60, you will also have run_anime.bat and run_realistic.bat. They are different model presets (and requires different models, but thet will be automatically downloaded). Check here for more details.


If you already have these files, you can copy them to the above locations to speed up installation.

Note that if you see "MetadataIncompleteBuffer" or "PytorchStreamReader", then your model files are corrupted. Please download models again.

Below is a test on a relatively low-end laptop with 16GB System RAM and 6GB VRAM (Nvidia 3060 laptop). The speed on this machine is about 1.35 seconds per iteration. Pretty impressive – nowadays laptops with 3060 are usually at very acceptable price.


Besides, recently many other software report that Nvidia driver above 532 is sometimes 10x slower than Nvidia driver 531. If your generation time is very long, consider download Nvidia Driver 531 Laptop or Nvidia Driver 531 Desktop.

Note that the minimal requirement is 4GB Nvidia GPU memory (4GB VRAM) and 8GB system memory (8GB RAM). This requires using Microsoft’s Virtual Swap technique, which is automatically enabled by your Windows installation in most cases, so you often do not need to do anything about it. However, if you are not sure, or if you manually turned it off (would anyone really do that?), or if you see any "RuntimeError: CPUAllocator", you can enable it here:

Click here to the see the image instruction.


And make sure that you have at least 40GB free space on each drive if you still see "RuntimeError: CPUAllocator" !

Please open an issue if you use similar devices but still cannot achieve acceptable performances.


(Last tested - 2023 Nov 15)

Colab Info
Open In Colab Fooocus Official

In Colab, you can modify the last line to !python --share or !python --preset anime --share or !python --preset realistic --share for Fooocus Default/Anime/Realistic Edition.

Note that this Colab will disable refiner by default because Colab free's resource is relatively limited.

Thanks to camenduru!

Linux (Using Anaconda)

If you want to use Anaconda/Miniconda, you can

git clone
cd Fooocus
conda env create -f environment.yaml
conda activate fooocus
pip install -r requirements_versions.txt

Then download the models: download default models to the folder "Fooocus\models\checkpoints". Or let Fooocus automatically download the models using the launcher:

conda activate fooocus

Or if you want to open a remote port, use

conda activate fooocus
python --listen

Use python --preset anime or python --preset realistic for Fooocus Anime/Realistic Edition.

Linux (Using Python Venv)

Your Linux needs to have Python 3.10 installed, and lets say your Python can be called with command python3 with your venv system working, you can

git clone
cd Fooocus
python3 -m venv fooocus_env
source fooocus_env/bin/activate
pip install -r requirements_versions.txt

See the above sections for model downloads. You can launch the software with:

source fooocus_env/bin/activate

Or if you want to open a remote port, use

source fooocus_env/bin/activate
python --listen

Use python --preset anime or python --preset realistic for Fooocus Anime/Realistic Edition.

Linux (Using native system Python)

If you know what you are doing, and your Linux already has Python 3.10 installed, and your Python can be called with command python3 (and Pip with pip3), you can

git clone
cd Fooocus
pip3 install -r requirements_versions.txt

See the above sections for model downloads. You can launch the software with:


Or if you want to open a remote port, use

python3 --listen

Use python --preset anime or python --preset realistic for Fooocus Anime/Realistic Edition.

Linux (AMD GPUs)

Same with the above instructions. You need to change torch to AMD version

pip uninstall torch torchvision torchaudio torchtext functorch xformers 
pip install torch torchvision torchaudio --index-url

AMD is not intensively tested, however. The AMD support is in beta.

Use python --preset anime or python --preset realistic for Fooocus Anime/Realistic Edition.

Windows(AMD GPUs)

Same with Windows. Download the software, edit the content of run.bat as:

.\python_embeded\python.exe -m pip uninstall torch torchvision torchaudio torchtext functorch xformers -y
.\python_embeded\python.exe -m pip install torch-directml
.\python_embeded\python.exe -s Fooocus\ --directml

Then run the run.bat.

AMD is not intensively tested, however. The AMD support is in beta.

Use python --preset anime or python --preset realistic for Fooocus Anime/Realistic Edition.


Mac is not intensively tested. Below is an unofficial guideline for using Mac. You can discuss problems here.

You can install Fooocus on Apple Mac silicon (M1 or M2) with macOS 'Catalina' or a newer version. Fooocus runs on Apple silicon computers via PyTorch MPS device acceleration. Mac Silicon computers don't come with a dedicated graphics card, resulting in significantly longer image processing times compared to computers with dedicated graphics cards.

  1. Install the conda package manager and pytorch nightly. Read the Accelerated PyTorch training on Mac Apple Developer guide for instructions. Make sure pytorch recognizes your MPS device.
  2. Open the macOS Terminal app and clone this repository with git clone
  3. Change to the new Fooocus directory, cd Fooocus.
  4. Create a new conda environment, conda env create -f environment.yaml.
  5. Activate your new conda environment, conda activate fooocus.
  6. Install the packages required by Fooocus, pip install -r requirements_versions.txt.
  7. Launch Fooocus by running python (Some Mac M2 users may need python --enable-smart-memory to speed up model loading/unloading.) The first time you run Fooocus, it will automatically download the Stable Diffusion SDXL models and will take a significant time, depending on your internet connection.

Use python --preset anime or python --preset realistic for Fooocus Anime/Realistic Edition.

Default Models

Given different goals, the default models and configs of Fooocus is different:

Task Windows Linux args Main Model Refiner Config
General run.bat juggernautXL v6_RunDiffusion not used here
Realistic run_realistic.bat --preset realistic realistic_stock_photo not used here
Anime run_anime.bat --preset anime bluepencil_v50 dreamsharper_v8 (SD1.5) here

Note that the download is automatic - you do not need to do anything if the internet connection is okay. However, you can download them manually if you (or move them from somewhere else) have your own preparation.

List of "Hidden" Tricks

Below things are already inside the software, and users do not need to do anything about these.

  1. GPT2-based prompt expansion as a dynamic style "Fooocus V2". (similar to Midjourney's hidden pre-processsing and "raw" mode, or the LeonardoAI's Prompt Magic).
  2. Native refiner swap inside one single k-sampler. The advantage is that now the refiner model can reuse the base model's momentum (or ODE's history parameters) collected from k-sampling to achieve more coherent sampling. In Automatic1111's high-res fix and ComfyUI's node system, the base model and refiner use two independent k-samplers, which means the momentum is largely wasted, and the sampling continuity is broken. Fooocus uses its own advanced k-diffusion sampling that ensures seamless, native, and continuous swap in a refiner setup. (Update Aug 13: Actually I discussed this with Automatic1111 several days ago and it seems that the “native refiner swap inside one single k-sampler” is merged into the dev branch of webui. Great!)
  3. Negative ADM guidance. Because the highest resolution level of XL Base does not have cross attentions, the positive and negative signals for XL's highest resolution level cannot receive enough contrasts during the CFG sampling, causing the results look a bit plastic or overly smooth in certain cases. Fortunately, since the XL's highest resolution level is still conditioned on image aspect ratios (ADM), we can modify the adm on the positive/negative side to compensate for the lack of CFG contrast in the highest resolution level. (Update Aug 16, the IOS App Drawing Things will support Negative ADM Guidance. Great!)
  4. We implemented a carefully tuned variation of the Section 5.1 of "Improving Sample Quality of Diffusion Models Using Self-Attention Guidance". The weight is set to very low, but this is Fooocus's final guarantee to make sure that the XL will never yield overly smooth or plastic appearance (examples here). This can almostly eliminate all cases that XL still occasionally produce overly smooth results even with negative ADM guidance. (Update 2023 Aug 18, the Gaussian kernel of SAG is changed to an anisotropic kernel for better structure preservation and fewer artifacts.)
  5. We modified the style templates a bit and added the "cinematic-default".
  6. We tested the "sd_xl_offset_example-lora_1.0.safetensors" and it seems that when the lora weight is below 0.5, the results are always better than XL without lora.
  7. The parameters of samplers are carefully tuned.
  8. Because XL uses positional encoding for generation resolution, images generated by several fixed resolutions look a bit better than that from arbitrary resolutions (because the positional encoding is not very good at handling int numbers that are unseen during training). This suggests that the resolutions in UI may be hard coded for best results.
  9. Separated prompts for two different text encoders seem unnecessary. Separated prompts for base model and refiner may work but the effects are random, and we refrain from implement this.
  10. DPM family seems well-suited for XL, since XL sometimes generates overly smooth texture but DPM family sometimes generate overly dense detail in texture. Their joint effect looks neutral and appealing to human perception.
  11. A carefully designed system for balancing multiple styles as well as prompt expansion.
  12. Using automatic1111's method to normalize prompt emphasizing. This significantly improve results when users directly copy prompts from civitai.
  13. The joint swap system of refiner now also support img2img and upscale in a seamless way.
  14. CFG Scale and TSNR correction (tuned for SDXL) when CFG is bigger than 10.


After the first time you run Fooocus, a config file will be generated at Fooocus\config.txt. This file can be edited for changing the model path or default parameters.

For example, an edited Fooocus\config.txt (this file will be generated after the first launch) may look like this:

    "path_checkpoints": "D:\\Fooocus\\models\\checkpoints",
    "path_loras": "D:\\Fooocus\\models\\loras",
    "path_embeddings": "D:\\Fooocus\\models\\embeddings",
    "path_vae_approx": "D:\\Fooocus\\models\\vae_approx",
    "path_upscale_models": "D:\\Fooocus\\models\\upscale_models",
    "path_inpaint": "D:\\Fooocus\\models\\inpaint",
    "path_controlnet": "D:\\Fooocus\\models\\controlnet",
    "path_clip_vision": "D:\\Fooocus\\models\\clip_vision",
    "path_fooocus_expansion": "D:\\Fooocus\\models\\prompt_expansion\\fooocus_expansion",
    "path_outputs": "D:\\Fooocus\\outputs",
    "default_model": "realisticStockPhoto_v10.safetensors",
    "default_refiner": "",
    "default_loras": [["lora_filename_1.safetensors", 0.5], ["lora_filename_2.safetensors", 0.5]],
    "default_cfg_scale": 3.0,
    "default_sampler": "dpmpp_2m",
    "default_scheduler": "karras",
    "default_negative_prompt": "low quality",
    "default_positive_prompt": "",
    "default_styles": [
        "Fooocus V2",
        "Fooocus Photograph",
        "Fooocus Negative"

Many other keys, formats, and examples are in Fooocus\config_modification_tutorial.txt (this file will be generated after the first launch).

Consider twice before you really change the config. If you find yourself breaking things, just delete Fooocus\config.txt. Fooocus will go back to default.

A safter way is just to try "run_anime.bat" or "run_realistic.bat" - they should be already good enough for different tasks.

Note that user_path_config.txt is deprecated and will be removed soon.

Advanced Features

Click here to browse the advanced features.

Fooocus also has many community forks, just like SD-WebUI's vladmandic/automatic and anapnoe/stable-diffusion-webui-ux, for enthusiastic users who want to try!

Fooocus' forks
and so on ...

See also About Forking and Promotion of Forks.


Fooocus is powered by FCBH backend, which starts from an odd mixture of Automatic1111 and ComfyUI.

Special thanks to twri and 3Diva for creating additional SDXL styles available in Fooocus.

Update Log

The log is here.


We need your help! Please help with translating Fooocus to international languages.

You can put json files in the language folder to translate the user interface.

For example, below is the content of Fooocus/language/example.json:

  "Generate": "生成",
  "Input Image": "入力画像",
  "Advanced": "고급",
  "SAI 3D Model": "SAI 3D Modèle"

If you add --language example arg, Fooocus will read Fooocus/language/example.json to translate the UI.

For example, you can edit the ending line of Windows run.bat as

.\python_embeded\python.exe -s Fooocus\ --language example

Or run_anime.bat as

.\python_embeded\python.exe -s Fooocus\ --language example --preset anime

Or run_realistic.bat as

.\python_embeded\python.exe -s Fooocus\ --language example --preset realistic

For practical translation, you may create your own file like Fooocus/language/jp.json or Fooocus/language/cn.json and then use flag --language jp or --language cn. Apparently, these files do not exist now. We need your help to create these files!

Note that if no --language is given and at the same time Fooocus/language/default.json exists, Fooocus will always load Fooocus/language/default.json for translation. By default, the file Fooocus/language/default.json does not exist.