MySQLTuner is a script written in Perl that allows you to review a MySQL installation quickly and make adjustments to increase performance and stability. The current configuration variables and status data is retrieved and presented in a brief format along with some basic performance suggestions.
- MySQL 5.7 (partial support)
- MySQL 5.6 (full support)
- MySQL 5.5 (full support)
- MariaDB 10.1 (partial support)
- MariaDB 10.0 (full support)
- Percona Server 5.6 (full support)
- Percona XtraDB cluster (full support)
- MySQL 3.23, 4.0, 4.1, 5.0, 5.1 (partial support - deprecated version)
- Perl 5.6 or later (with perl-doc package)
- Unix/Linux based operating system (tested on Linux, BSD variants, and Solaris variants)
- Windows is not supported at this time (Help wanted !!!!!)
- Unrestricted read access to the MySQL server (OS root access recommended for MySQL < 5.1)
- CVE vulnerabilites detection support from https://cve.mitre.org
It is extremely important for you to fully understand each change you make to a MySQL database server. If you don't understand portions of the script's output, or if you don't understand the recommendations, you should consult a knowledgeable DBA or system administrator that you trust. Always test your changes on staging environments, and always keep in mind that improvements in one area can negatively affect MySQL in other areas.
Seriously - please review the FAQ section below.
What MySQLTuner is checking exactly ?
All checks done by MySQLTuner are documented in MySQLTuner Internals documentation.
You can download the entire repository by using 'git clone' followed by the cloning URL above. The simplest and shortest method is:
wget http://mysqltuner.pl/ -O mysqltuner.pl wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/major/MySQLTuner-perl/master/basic_passwords.txt -O basic_passwords.txt wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/major/MySQLTuner-perl/master/vulnerabilities.csv -O vulnerabilities.csv perl mysqltuner.pl
Of course, you can add the execute bit (
chmod +x mysqltuner.pl) so you can execute it without calling perl directly.
Usage: Minimal usage locally
Usage: Minimal usage remotely
perl mysqltuner.pl --host targetDNS_IP --user admin_user --pass admin_password
Usage: Enable maximum output information around MySQL/MariaDb without debugging
perl mysqltuner.pl --buffers --dbstat --idxstat
Usage: Enable CVE vulnerabilities check for your MariaDB or MySQL version
perl mysqltuner.pl --cvefile=vulnerabilities.csv
Usage: Write your result in a file with information displayed
perl mysqltuner.pl --outputfile /tmp/result_mysqltuner.txt
Usage: Write your result in a file without outputting information
perl mysqltuner.pl --silent --outputfile /tmp/result_mysqltuner.txt
Usage: Using template model to customize your reporting file based on Text::Template syntax.
perl mysqltuner.pl --silent --reportfile /tmp/result_mysqltuner.txt --template=/tmp/mymodel.tmpl
Usage: Enable debugging information
perl mysqltuner.pl --debug
Question: Will MySQLTuner fix my slow MySQL server?
No. MySQLTuner is a read only script. It won't write to any configuration files, change the status of any daemons, or call your mother to wish her a happy birthday. It will give you an overview of your server's performance and make some basic recommendations about improvements that you can make after it completes. Make sure you read the warning above prior to following any recommendations.
Question: Can I fire my DBA now?
MySQLTuner will not replace your DBA in any form or fashion. If your DBA constantly takes your parking spot and steals your lunch from the fridge, then you may want to consider it - but that's your call.
Question: Why does MySQLTuner keep asking me the login credentials for MySQL over and over?
The script will try its best to log in via any means possible. It will check for ~/.my.cnf files, Plesk password files, and empty password root logins. If none of those are available, then you'll be prompted for a password. If you'd like the script to run in an automated fashion without user intervention, then create a .my.cnf file in your home directory which contains:
[client] user=someusername pass=thatuserspassword
Once you create it, make sure it's owned by your user and the mode on the file is 0600. This should prevent the prying eyes from getting your database login credentials under normal conditions. If a T-1000 shows up in a LAPD uniform and demands your database credentials, you won't have much of an option.
Question: Is there another way to secure credentials on latest MySQL and MariaDB distributions ?
You could use mysql_config_editor utilities.
$ mysql_config_editor set --login-path=client --user=someusername --password --host=localhost Enter passord: ******** $
At this time, ~/.mylogin.cnf has been written with appropriated rigth access.
To get information about stored credentials, use the following command:
$mysql_config_editor print [client] user = someusername password = ***** host = localhost
Question: What's minimum privileges needed by a specific mysqltuner user in database ?
mysql>GRANT SELECT, PROCESS,EXECUTE, REPLICATION CLIENT,SHOW DATABASES,SHOW VIEW ON *.* FOR 'mysqltuner'@'localhost' identified by pwd1234;
Question: It's not working on my OS! What gives?!
These kinds of things are bound to happen. Here are the details I need from you in order to research the problem thoroughly:
- OS and OS version
- Architecture (x86, x86_64, IA64, Commodore 64)
- Exact MySQL version
- Where you obtained your MySQL version (OS package, source, etc)
- The full text of the error
- A copy of SHOW VARIABLES and SHOW GLOBAL STATUS output (if possible)
Question: How to perform a CVE vulneralibity checks ?
- Download vulnerabilities.csv from this repository.
- use option --cvefile to perform CVE checks
Question: How to use mysqltuner from remote host ? Thanks to @rolandomysqldba
- You will still have to connect like a mysql client:
Connection and Authentication
--host <hostname> Connect to a remote host to perform tests (default: localhost) --socket <socket> Use a different socket for a local connection --port <port> Port to use for connection (default: 3306) --user <username> Username to use for authentication --pass <password> Password to use for authentication
Since you are using a remote host, use parameters to supply values from the OS
--forcemem <size> Amount of RAM installed in megabytes --forceswap <size> Amount of swap memory configured in megabytes
- You may have to contact your remote SysAdmin to ask how much RAM and swap you have
If the database has too many tables, or very large table, use this:
--skipsize Don't enumerate tables and their types/sizes (default: on) (Recommended for servers with many tables)
MySQLTuner and Vagrant
MySQLTuner contains following Vagrant configurations:
- Fedora Core 23 / MariaDB 10.0
- Fedora Core 23 / MariaDB 10.1
- Fedora Core 23 / MySQL 5.6
- Fedora Core 23 / MySQL 5.7
Vagrant File are stored in Vagrant subdirectory.
- Follow this 2 steps after vagrant installation:
- Rename VagrantFile_for_Mxxx into Vagrantfile
- vagrant up
MySQLTuner contains a Vagrant configurations for test purpose and development
- Install VirtualBox and Vagrant
- Clone repository
- Install Vagrant plugins vagrant-hostmanager and vagrant-vbguest
- vagrant plugin install vagrant-hostmanager
- vagrant plugin install vagrant-vbguest
- Add Fedora Core 23 box for official Fedora Download Website
- Create a data directory
- mkdir data
- Rename Vagrantfile_MariaDB10.0 into Vagrantfile
- cp MySQLTuner-perl/Vagrant/Vagrantfile_for_MariaDB10.0 Vagrantfile
- Start vagrant
- vagrant up
MySQLTuner needs you
MySQLTuner needs contributors for documentation, code and feedbacks..