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Restangular is an AngularJS service that simplifies common GET, POST, DELETE, and UPDATE requests with a minimum of client code. It's a perfect fit for any WebApp that consumes data from a RESTful API.

Note This version of Restangular only supports Angular 1. For an Angular 2+ version of Restangular, check out ngx-restangular. It's a separate project with different maintainers, so issues regarding ngx-restangular should be reported over there 😉

Learn Restangular! Try the live demo on plunkr. It uses the same example as the official Angular Javascript Project, but with Restangular! Or watch a video introduction of a talk I gave at Devoxx France about Restangular.

Table of contents

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Differences with $resource

Restangular has several features that distinguish it from $resource:

  • It uses promises. Instead of doing the "magic" filling of objects like $resource, it uses promises.
  • You can use this in $routeProvider.resolve. As Restangular returns promises, you can return any of the methods in the $routeProvider.resolve and you'll get the real object injected into your controller if you want.
  • It doesn't have all those $resource bugs. Restangular doesn't have problem with trailing slashes, additional : in the URL, escaping information, expecting only arrays for getting lists, etc.
  • It supports all HTTP methods.
  • It supports ETag out of the box. You don't have to do anything. ETags and If-None-Match will be used in all of your requests
  • It supports self linking elements. If you receive from the server some item that has a link to itself, you can use that to query the server instead of writing the URL manually.
  • You don't have to create one $resource object per request. Each time you want to do a request, you can just do it using the object that was returned by Restangular. You don't need to create a new object for this.
  • You don't have to write or remember ANY URL. With $resource, you need to write the URL Template. In here, you don't write any urls. You just write the name of the resource you want to fetch and that's it.
  • It supports nested RESTful resources. If you have Nested RESTful resources, Restangular can handle them for you. You don't have to know the URL, the path, or anything to do all of the HTTP operations you want.
  • Restangular lets you create your own methods. You can create your own methods to run the operation that you want. The sky is the limit.
  • Support for wrapped responses. If your response for a list of element actually returns an object with some property inside which has the list, it's very hard to use $resource. Restangular knows that and it makes it easy on you. Check out
  • You can build your own URLs with Restangular objects easily. Restangular lets you create a Restangular object for any url you want with a really nice builder.

Let's see a quick and short example of these features

// Restangular returns promises
Restangular.all('users').getList()  // GET: /users
.then(function(users) {
  // returns a list of users
  $scope.user = users[0]; // first Restangular obj in list: { id: 123 }

// Later in the code...

// Restangular objects are self-aware and know how to make their own RESTful requests
$scope.user.getList('cars');  // GET: /users/123/cars

// You can also use your own custom methods on Restangular objects
$scope.user.sendMessage();  // POST: /users/123/sendMessage

// Chain methods together to easily build complex requests
$'messages', 123).one('from', 123).getList('unread');
// GET: /users/123/messages/123/from/123/unread

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How do I add this to my project?

You can download this by:

<!-- Or use TAG number for specific version. New versions are auto deployed -->
<script type="text/javascript" src=""></script>
<script type="text/javascript" src=""></script>

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Restangular depends on Angular and Lodash (or Underscore).

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Production apps using Restangular

Each time, there're more Production WebApps using Restangular. If your webapp uses it and it's not in the list, please create an issue or submit a PR:

  • Life360 is using Restangular to build the WebApp version of their platform
  • Thomson Reuters is using Restangular for the new Webapp they've built
  • is using Restangular for their alpha/beta app and soon to be main site
  • is using Restangular for their beta international students social network.
  • ENTSO-E Transparency Platform

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Starter Guide

Quick Configuration (For Lazy Readers)

This is all you need to start using all the basic Restangular features.

// Add Restangular as a dependency to your app
angular.module('your-app', ['restangular']);

// Inject Restangular into your controller
angular.module('your-app').controller('MainCtrl', function($scope, Restangular) {
  // ...

The Restangular service may be injected into any Controller or Directive :) Note: When adding Restangular as a dependency it is not capitalized 'restangular' But when injected into your controller it is 'Restangular'

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Using Restangular

Creating Main Restangular object

There are 3 ways of creating a main Restangular object. The first one and most common one is by stating the main route of all requests. The second one is by stating the main route and object of all requests.

// Only stating main route

// Stating main object'accounts', 1234)

// Gets a list of all of those accounts
Restangular.several('accounts', 1234, 123, 12345);

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Let's code!

Now that we have our main Object let's start playing with it.

// First way of creating a Restangular object. Just saying the base URL
var baseAccounts = Restangular.all('accounts');

// This will query /accounts and return a promise.
baseAccounts.getList().then(function(accounts) {
  $scope.allAccounts = accounts;

// Does a GET to /accounts
// Returns an empty array by default. Once a value is returned from the server
// that array is filled with those values. So you can use this in your template
$scope.accounts = Restangular.all('accounts').getList().$object;

var newAccount = {name: "Gonto's account"};

// POST /accounts;

// GET to You set the URL in this case
Restangular.allUrl('googlers', '').getList();

// GET to You set the URL in this case
Restangular.oneUrl('googlers', '').get();

// You can do RequestLess "connections" if you need as well

// Just ONE GET to /accounts/123/buildings/456'accounts', 123).one('buildings', 456).get()

// Just ONE GET to /accounts/123/buildings'accounts', 123).getList('buildings')

// Here we use Promises then
// GET /accounts
baseAccounts.getList().then(function (accounts) {
  // Here we can continue fetching the tree :).

  var firstAccount = accounts[0];
  // This will query /accounts/123/buildings considering 123 is the id of the firstAccount
  $scope.buildings = firstAccount.getList("buildings");

  // GET /accounts/123/places?query=param with request header: x-user:mgonto
  $scope.loggedInPlaces = firstAccount.getList("places", {query: 'param'}, {x-user: 'mgonto'})

  // This is a regular JS object, we can change anything we want :) = "Gonto"

  // If we wanted to keep the original as it is, we can copy it to a new element
  var editFirstAccount = Restangular.copy(firstAccount); = "New Name";

  // PUT /accounts/123. The name of this account will be changed from now on

  // PUT /accounts/123. Save will do POST or PUT accordingly;

  // DELETE /accounts/123 We don't have first account anymore :(

  var myBuilding = {
    name: "Gonto's Building",
    place: "Argentina"

  // POST /accounts/123/buildings with MyBuilding information"Buildings", myBuilding).then(function() {
    console.log("Object saved OK");
  }, function() {
    console.log("There was an error saving");

  // GET /accounts/123/users?query=params
  firstAccount.getList("users", {query: params}).then(function(users) {
    // Instead of posting nested element, a collection can post to itself
    // POST /accounts/123/users{userName: 'unknown'});

    // Custom methods are available now :).
    // GET /accounts/123/users/messages?param=myParam
    users.customGET("messages", {param: "myParam"})

    var firstUser = users[0];

    // GET /accounts/123/users/456. Just in case we want to update one user :)
    $scope.userFromServer = firstUser.get();

    // ALL http methods are available :)
    // HEAD /accounts/123/users/456


}, function errorCallback() {
  alert("Oops error from server :(");

// Second way of creating Restangular object. URL and ID :)
var account ="accounts", 123);

// GET /accounts/123?single=true
$scope.account = account.get({single: true});

// POST /accounts/123/messages?param=myParam with the body of name: "My Message"
account.customPOST({name: "My Message"}, "messages", {param: "myParam"}, {})

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Configuring Restangular


Restangular comes with defaults for all of its properties but you can configure them. So, if you don't need to configure something, there's no need to add the configuration. You can set all these configurations in RestangularProvider or Restangular service to change the global configuration or you can use the withConfig method in Restangular service to create a new Restangular service with some scoped configuration. Check the section on this later.


The base URL for all calls to your API. For example if your URL for fetching accounts is, then your baseUrl is /api/v1. The default baseUrl is an empty string which resolves to the same url that AngularJS is running, but you can also set an absolute url like if you need to set another domain.


These are the fields that you want to save from your parent resources if you need to display them. By default this is an Empty Array which will suit most cases


Use this property to control whether Restangularized elements to have a parent or not. So, for example if you get an account and then get a nested list of buildings, you may want the buildings URL to be simple /buildings/123 instead of /accounts/123/buildings/123. This property lets you do that.

This method accepts 1 parameter, it could be:

  • Boolean: Specifies if all elements should be parentless or not
  • Array: Specifies the routes (types) of all elements that should be parentless. For example ['buildings']


$http from AngularJS can receive a bunch of parameters like cache, transformRequest and so on. You can set all of those properties in the object sent on this setter so that they will be used in EVERY API call made by Restangular. This is very useful for caching for example. All properties that can be set can be checked here:$http#parameters


This is a hook. After each element has been "restangularized" (Added the new methods from Restangular), the corresponding transformer will be called if it fits.

This should be used to add your own methods / functions to entities of certain types.

You can add as many element transformers as you want. The signature of this method can be one of the following:

  • addElementTransformer(route, transformer): Transformer is called with all elements that have been restangularized, no matter if they're collections or not.

  • addElementTransformer(route, isCollection, transformer): Transformer is called with all elements that have been restangularized and match the specification regarding if it's a collection or not (true | false)


This sets whether transformers will be run for local objects and not by objects returned by the server. This is by default true but can be changed to false if needed (Most people won't need this).


This is a hook. After each element has been "restangularized" (Added the new methods from Restangular), this will be called. It means that if you receive a list of objects in one call, this method will be called first for the collection and then for each element of the collection.

I favor the usage of addElementTransformer instead of onElemRestangularized whenever possible as the implementation is much cleaner.

This callback is a function that has 4 parameters:

  • elem: The element that has just been restangularized. Can be a collection or a single element.
  • isCollection: Boolean indicating if this is a collection or a single element.
  • what: The model that is being modified. This is the "path" of this resource. For example buildings
  • Restangular: The instanced service to use any of its methods

This can be used together with addRestangularMethod (Explained later) to add custom methods to an element


This is deprecated. Use addResponseInterceptor since you can add more than one.


The responseInterceptor is called after we get each response from the server. It's a function that receives this arguments:

  • data: The data received got from the server
  • operation: The operation made. It'll be the HTTP method used except for a GET which returns a list of element which will return getList so that you can distinguish them.
  • what: The model that's being requested. It can be for example: accounts, buildings, etc.
  • url: The relative URL being requested. For example: /api/v1/accounts/123
  • response: Full server response including headers
  • deferred: The deferred promise for the request.

Some of the use cases of the responseInterceptor are handling wrapped responses and enhancing response elements with more methods among others.

The responseInterceptor must return the restangularized data element.


This is deprecated. Use addRequestInterceptor since you can add more than one.


The requestInterceptor is called before sending any data to the server. It's a function that must return the element to be requested. This function receives the following arguments:

  • element: The element to send to the server.
  • operation: The operation made. It'll be the HTTP method used except for a GET which returns a list of element which will return getList so that you can distinguish them.
  • what: The model that's being requested. It can be for example: accounts, buildings, etc.
  • url: The relative URL being requested. For example: /api/v1/accounts/123


This is deprecated. Use addFullRequestInterceptor since you can add more than one.


This adds a new fullRequestInterceptor. The fullRequestInterceptor is similar to the requestInterceptor but more powerful. It lets you change the element, the request parameters and the headers as well.

It's a function that receives the same as the requestInterceptor plus the headers and the query parameters (in that order).

It can return an object with any (or all) of following properties:

  • headers: The headers to send
  • params: The request parameters to send
  • element: The element to send
  • httpConfig: The httpConfig to call with

If a property isn't returned, the one sent is used.


The errorInterceptor is called whenever there's an error. It's a function that receives the response, the deferred (for the promise) and the Restangular-response handler as parameters.

The errorInterceptor function, whenever it returns false, prevents the promise linked to a Restangular request to be executed. All other return values (besides false) are ignored and the promise follows the usual path, eventually reaching the success or error hooks.

The feature to prevent the promise to complete is useful whenever you need to intercept each Restangular error response for every request in your AngularJS application in a single place, increasing debugging capabilities and hooking security features in a single place.

var refreshAccesstoken = function() {
    var deferred = $q.defer();

    // Refresh access-token logic

    return deferred.promise;

Restangular.setErrorInterceptor(function(response, deferred, responseHandler) {
    if(response.status === 403) {
        refreshAccesstoken().then(function() {
            // Repeat the request and then call the handlers the usual way.
            $http(response.config).then(responseHandler, deferred.reject);
            // Be aware that no request interceptors are called this way.

        return false; // error handled

    return true; // error not handled


Restangular requires 7 fields for every "Restangularized" element. These are:

  • id: Id of the element. Default: id
  • route: Name of the route of this element. Default: route
  • parentResource: The reference to the parent resource. Default: parentResource
  • restangularCollection: A boolean indicating if this is a collection or an element. Default: restangularCollection
  • cannonicalId: If available, the path to the cannonical ID to use. Useful for PK changes
  • etag: Where to save the ETag received from the server. Defaults to restangularEtag
  • selfLink: The path to the property that has the URL to this item. If your REST API doesn't return a URL to an item, you can just leave it blank. Defaults to href

Also all of Restangular methods and functions are configurable through restangularFields property. All of these fields except for id and selfLink are handled by Restangular, so most of the time you won't change them. You can configure the name of the property that will be binded to all of this fields by setting restangularFields property.


You can now Override HTTP Methods. You can set here the array of methods to override. All those methods will be sent as POST and Restangular will add an X-HTTP-Method-Override header with the real HTTP method we wanted to do.


Typical web browsers prohibit requesting data from a server in a different domain (same-origin policy). JSONP or "JSON with padding" is a communication technique used in JavaScript programs running in web browsers to get around this.

For JSONP to work, a server must know how to reply with JSONP-formatted results. JSONP does not work with JSON-formatted results. The JSONP parameters passed as arguments to a script are defined by the server.

By setting the value of setJsonp to true, both get and getList will be performed using JSonp instead of the regular GET.

You will need to add the 'JSON_CALLBACK' string to your URLs (see $http.jsonp). You can use setDefaultRequestParams to accomplish this:

RestangularProvider.setDefaultRequestParams('jsonp', {callback: 'JSON_CALLBACK'});


You can set default Query parameters to be sent with every request and every method.

Additionally, if you want to configure request params per method, you can use requestParams configuration similar to $http. For example RestangularProvider.requestParams.get = {single: true}.

Supported method to configure are: remove, get, post, put, common (all)

// set params for multiple methods at once
Restangular.setDefaultRequestParams(['remove', 'post'], {confirm: true});

// set only for get method
Restangular.setDefaultRequestParams('get', {limit: 10});

// or for all supported request methods
Restangular.setDefaultRequestParams({apikey: "secret key"});


You can set fullResponse to true to get the whole response every time you do any request. The full response has the restangularized data in the data field, and also has the headers and config sent. By default, it's set to false. Please note that in order for Restangular to access custom HTTP headers, your server must respond having the Access-Control-Expose-Headers: set.

// set params for multiple methods at once

Or set it per service

// Restangular service that uses setFullResponse
app.factory('RestFulResponse', function(Restangular) {
  return Restangular.withConfig(function(RestangularConfigurer) {

// Let's use it in the controller
app.controller('MainCtrl', function(Restangular, RestFulResponse) {

  // Uses full response configuration
  RestFulResponse.all('users').getList().then(function(response) {
    $scope.users =;


You can set default Headers to be sent with every request. Send format: {header_name: header_value}

// set default header "token"
RestangularProvider.setDefaultHeaders({token: "x-restangular"});


If all of your requests require to send some suffix to work, you can set it here. For example, if you need to send the format like /users/123.json you can add that .json to the suffix using the setRequestSuffix method


You can set this to either true or false. By default it's false. If set to true, then the cannonical ID from the element will be used for URL creation (in DELETE, PUT, POST, etc.). What this means is that if you change the ID of the element and then you do a put, if you set this to true, it'll use the "old" ID which was received from the server. If set to false, it'll use the new ID assigned to the element.


You can set this to true or false. By default it's false. If set to true, data retrieved will be returned with no embed methods from restangular.


You can set here if you want to URL Encode IDs or not. By default, it's true.

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Accessing configuration

You can also access the configuration via RestangularProvider and Restangular via the configuration property if you don't want to use the setters. Check it out:

Restangular.configuration.requestSuffix = '/';

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How to configure them globally

You can configure this in either the config or the run method. If your configurations don't need any other services, then I'd recommend you do them in the config. If your configurations depend on other services, you can configure them in the run using Restangular instead of RestangularProvider

Configuring in the config

app.config(function(RestangularProvider) {
    RestangularProvider.setResponseExtractor(function(response, operation) {

    RestangularProvider.addElementTransformer('accounts', false, function(element) {
       element.accountName = 'Changed';
       return element;

    RestangularProvider.setDefaultHttpFields({cache: true});
    RestangularProvider.setMethodOverriders(["put", "patch"]);

    // In this case we are mapping the id of each element to the _id field.
    // We also change the Restangular route.
    // The default value for parentResource remains the same.
      id: "_id",
      route: "restangularRoute",
      selfLink: "self.href"


    // Use Request interceptor
    RestangularProvider.setRequestInterceptor(function(element, operation, route, url) {
      return element;

    // ..or use the full request interceptor, setRequestInterceptor's more powerful brother!
    RestangularProvider.setFullRequestInterceptor(function(element, operation, route, url, headers, params, httpConfig) {
      return {
        element: element,
        params: _.extend(params, {single: true}),
        headers: headers,
        httpConfig: httpConfig


Configuring in the run

// Here I inject the service BaseUrlCalculator which I need, BaseUrlCalculator) {

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How to create a Restangular service with a different configuration from the global one

Let's assume that for most requests you need some configuration (The global one), and for just a bunch of methods you need another configuration. In that case, you'll need to create another Restangular service with this particular configuration. This scoped configuration will inherit all defaults from the global one. Let's see how.

// Global configuration
app.config(function(RestangularProvider) {

// Restangular service that uses Bing
app.factory('BingRestangular', function(Restangular) {
  return Restangular.withConfig(function(RestangularConfigurer) {

// Let's use them from a controller
app.controller('MainCtrl', function(Restangular, BingRestangular) {

  // GET to
  // Uses global configuration

  // GET to
  // Uses Bing configuration which is based on Global one, therefore .json is added.

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Decoupled Restangular Service

There're some times where you want to use Restangular but you don't want to expose Restangular object anywhere. For those cases, you can actually use the service feature of Restangular.

Let's see how it works:

// Declare factory
module.factory('Users', function(Restangular) {
  return Restangular.service('users');

// In your controller you inject Users
Users.get(2) // GET to /users/2 // GET to /users/2{data}) // POST to /users

// GET to /users
Users.getList().then(function(users) {
  var user = users[0]; // user === {id: 1, name: "Tonto"} = "Gonto";
  // PUT to /users/1

You can also use withHttpConfig on objects created by Restangular.service.

var personService = Restangular.service('person');
var entity = personService.withHttpConfig({transformRequest: function(data) {
  data.fullname = data.firstname + ' ' + data.lastname;
  return JSON.stringify(data);
  "lastname": "Mueller",
  "firstname": "Gerd"
}).then(function(resp) {

We can also use Nested RESTful resources with this:

var Cars = Restangular.service('cars','users', 1));

Cars.getList() // GET to /users/1/cars

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Methods description

There are 3 sets of methods. Collections have some methods and elements have others. There are are also some common methods for all of them

Restangular methods

These are the methods that can be called on the Restangular object.

  • one(route, id): This will create a new Restangular object that is just a pointer to one element with the route route and the specified id.
  • all(route): This will create a new Restangular object that is just a pointer to a list of elements for the specified path.
  • oneUrl(route, url): This will create a new Restangular object that is just a pointer to one element with the specified URL.
  • allUrl(route, url): This creates a Restangular object that is just a pointer to a list at the specified URL.
  • copy(fromElement): This will create a copy of the from element so that we can modify the copied one.
  • restangularizeElement(parent, element, route, fromServer, collection, reqParams): Restangularizes a new element
  • restangularizeCollection(parent, element, route, fromServer, reqParams): Restangularizes a new collection

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Element methods

  • get([queryParams, headers]): Gets the element. Query params and headers are optionals
  • getList(subElement, [queryParams, headers]): Gets a nested resource. subElement is mandatory. It's a string with the name of the nested resource (and URL). For example buildings
  • put([queryParams, headers]): Does a put to the current element
  • post(subElement, elementToPost, [queryParams, headers]): Does a POST and creates a subElement. Subelement is mandatory and is the nested resource. Element to post is the object to post to the server
  • remove([queryParams, headers]): Does a DELETE. By default, remove sends a request with an empty object, which may cause problems with some servers or browsers. This shows how to configure RESTangular to have no payload.
  • head([queryParams, headers]): Does a HEAD
  • trace([queryParams, headers]): Does a TRACE
  • options([queryParams, headers]): Does a OPTIONS
  • patch(object, [queryParams, headers]): Does a PATCH
  • one(route, id): Used for RequestLess connections and URL Building. See section below.
  • all(route): Used for RequestLess connections and URL Building. See section below.
  • several(route, ids)*: Used for RequestLess connections and URL Building. See section below.
  • oneUrl(route, url): This will create a new Restangular object that is just a pointer to one element with the specified URL.
  • allUrl(route, url): This creates a Restangular object that is just a pointer to a list at the specified URL.
  • getRestangularUrl(): Gets the URL of the current object.
  • getRequestedUrl(): Gets the real URL the current object was requested with (incl. GET parameters). Will equal getRestangularUrl() when no parameters were used, before calling get(), or when using on a nested child.
  • getParentList(): Gets the parent list to which it belongs (if any)
  • clone(): Copies the element. It's an alias to calling Restangular.copy(elem).
  • plain(): Returns the plain element received from the server without any of the enhanced methods from Restangular. It's an alias to calling Restangular.stripRestangular(elem)
  • withHttpConfig(httpConfig): It lets you set a configuration for $http only for the next call. Check the Local Config HTTP section for an example.
  • save: Calling save will determine whether to do PUT or POST accordingly

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Collection methods

  • getList([queryParams, headers]): Gets itself again (Remember this is a collection).
  • get(id): Gets one item from the collection by id.
  • post(elementToPost, [queryParams, headers]): Creates a new element of this collection.
  • head([queryParams, headers]): Does a HEAD
  • trace: ([queryParams, headers]): Does a TRACE
  • options: ([queryParams, headers]): Does a OPTIONS
  • patch(object, [queryParams, headers]): Does a PATCH
  • remove([queryParams, headers]): Does a DELETE. By default, remove sends a request with an empty object, which may cause problems with some servers or browsers. This shows how to configure RESTangular to have no payload.
  • putElement(idx, params, headers): Puts the element on the required index and returns a promise of the updated new array
  • getRestangularUrl(): Gets the URL of the current object.
  • getRequestedUrl(): Gets the real URL the current object was requested with (incl. GET parameters). Will equal getRestangularUrl() when no parameters were used, before calling getList(), or when using on a nested child.
  • one(route, id): Used for RequestLess connections and URL Building. See section below.
  • all(route): Used for RequestLess connections and URL Building. See section below.
  • several(route, ids)*: Used for RequestLess connections and URL Building. See section below.
  • oneUrl(route, url): This will create a new Restangular object that is just a pointer to one element with the specified URL.
  • allUrl(route, url): This creates a Restangular object that is just a pointer to a list at the specified URL.
  • clone(): Copies the collection. It's an alias to calling Restangular.copy(collection).
  • withHttpConfig(httpConfig): It lets you set a configuration for $http only for the next call. Check the Local Config HTTP section for an example.

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Custom methods

  • customGET(path, [params, headers]): Does a GET to the specific path. Optionally you can set params and headers.
  • customGETLIST(path, [params, headers]): Does a GET to the specific path. In this case, you expect to get an array, not a single element. Optionally you can set params and headers.
  • customDELETE(path, [params, headers]): Does a DELETE to the specific path. Optionally you can set params and headers.
  • customPOST([elem, path, params, headers]): Does a POST to the specific path. Optionally you can set params and headers and elem. Elem is the element to post. If it's not set, it's assumed that it's the element itself from which you're calling this function.
  • customPUT([elem, path, params, headers]): Does a PUT to the specific path. Optionally you can set params and headers and elem. Elem is the element to post. If it's not set, it's assumed that it's the element itself from which you're calling this function.
  • customPATCH([elem, path, params, headers]): Does a PATCH to the specific path. Accepts the same arguments as customPUT.
  • customOperation(operation, path, [params, headers, elem]): This does a custom operation to the path that we specify. This method is actually used from all the others in this subsection. Operation can be one of: get, post, put, remove, head, options, patch, trace
  • addRestangularMethod(name, operation, [path, params, headers, elem]): This will add a new restangular method to this object with the name name to the operation and path specified (or current path otherwise). There's a section on how to do this later.

Let's see an example of this:

// GET /accounts/123/messages"accounts", 123).customGET("messages")

// GET /accounts/messages?param=param2
Restangular.all("accounts").customGET("messages", {param: "param2"})

All custom methods have an alias where you replace custom by do. For example, customGET is equal to doGET. Just pick whatever syntax you prefer.

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Copying elements

Before modifying an object, we sometimes want to copy it and then modify the copied object. We can't use angular.copy for this because it'll not change the this bound in the functions we add to the object. In this cases, you must use Restangular.copy(fromElement).

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Enhanced promises

Restangular uses enhanced promises when returning. What does this mean? All promises returned now have 2 additional methods and collection promises have 3. These are the methods:

  • call(methodName, params)*: This will return a new promise of the previous value, after calling the method called methodName with the parameters params.
  • get(fieldName): This will return a new promise for the type of the field. The param of this new promise is the property fieldName from the original promise result.
  • push(object): This method will only be in the promises of arrays. It's a subset of the call method that does a push.
  • $object: This returns the reference to the object that will be filled once the server responds a value. This means that if you call getList this will be an empty array by default. Once the array is returned from the server, this same $object property will get filled with results from the server.

I know these explanations are quite complicated, so let's see an example :D.

var buildings = Restangular.all("buildings").getList();

// New promise after adding the new building
// Now you can show in scope this newBuildings promise and it'll show all the buildings
// received from server plus the new one added
var newBuildings = buildings.push({name: "gonto"});

var newBuildingsSame ="push", {name: "gonto"});

// This is a promise of a number value. You can show it in the UI
var lengthPromise = buildings.get("length");

lengthPromise.then(function(length) {
  // Here the length is the real length value of the returned collection of buildings

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Using values directly in templates

Since Angular 1.2, Promise unwrapping in templates has been disabled by default and will be deprecated soon.

This means that the following will cease to work:

$scope.accounts = Restangular.all('accounts').getList();
<tr ng-repeat="account in accounts">

As this was a really handy way of working with Restangular, I've made a feature similar to $resource that will enable this behavior again:

$scope.accounts = Restangular.all('accounts').getList().$object;
<tr ng-repeat="account in accounts">

The $object property is a new property I've added to promises. By default, it'll be an empty array or object. Once the sever has responded with the real value, that object or array is filled with the correct response, therefore making the ng-repeat work :). Pretty neat :D

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Using Self reference resources

A lot of REST APIs return the URL to self of the element that you're querying. You can use that with Restangular so that you don't have to create the URLs yourself, but use the ones provided by the server.

Let's say that when doing a GET to /people you get the following

  name: "Martin",
  lastName: "Gontovnikas"
  self: {
    link: ''
}, {
  name: "John",
  lastName: "Wayne"
  self: {
    link: ''

In this case, as you can see, the URL to each element can't be guessed so we need to use that to reference the element. Restangular supports both relative and absolute URLs :).

How do we do this with Restangular?

First, we need to configure the path for the link to self. For that, in the config we do:

  selfLink: ''

Then, we can just use this :)

// Instead of using all we could also use allUrl to set a URL
// Restangular.allUrl('people', '')

Restangular.all('people').getList().then(function(people) {

  var gonto = people[0]; = "Owned";

  // This will do a PUT to
  // It uses the self linking property :D

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URL Building

Sometimes, we have a lot of nested entities (and their IDs), but we just want the last child. In those cases, doing a request for everything to get the last child is overkill. For those cases, I've added the possibility to create URLs using the same API as creating a new Restangular object. This connections are created without making any requests. Let's see how to do this:

var restangularSpaces ="accounts",123).one("buildings", 456).all("spaces");

// This will do ONE get to /accounts/123/buildings/456/spaces

// This will do ONE get to /accounts/123/buildings/456/spaces/789"accounts", 123).one("buildings", 456).one("spaces", 789).get()

// POST /accounts/123/buildings/456/spaces"accounts", 123).one("buildings", 456).all("spaces").post({name: "New Space"});

// DELETE /accounts/123/buildings/456"accounts", 123).one("buildings", 456).remove();

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Using local $http configuration

There're sometimes when you want to set a specific configuration $http configuration just for one Restangular's call. For that, you can use withHttpConfig. You must call that method just before doing the HTTP request. Let's learn how to use it with the following example:'accounts', 123).withHttpConfig({timeout: 100}).getList('buildings');

$scope.account.withHttpConfig({timeout: 100}).put();

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Creating new Restangular Methods

Let's assume that your API needs some custom methods to work. If that's the case, always calling customGET or customPOST for that method with all parameters is a pain in the ass. That's why every element has a addRestangularMethod method.

This can be used together with the hook addElementTransformer to do some neat stuff. Let's see an example to learn this:

// In your app configuration (config method)

// It will transform all building elements, NOT collections
RestangularProvider.addElementTransformer('buildings', false, function(building) {
        // This will add a method called evaluate that will do a get to path evaluate with NO default
        // query params and with some default header
        // signature is (name, operation, path, params, headers, elementToPost)

        building.addRestangularMethod('evaluate', 'get', 'evaluate', undefined, {'myHeader': 'value'});

        return building;

RestangularProvider.addElementTransformer('users', true, function(user) {
        // This will add a method called login that will do a POST to the path login
        // signature is (name, operation, path, params, headers, elementToPost)

        user.addRestangularMethod('login', 'post', 'login');

        return user;

// Then, later in your code you can do the following:

// GET to /buildings/123/evaluate?myParam=param with headers myHeader: value

// Signature for this "custom created" methods is (params, headers, elem) if it's a safe operation (GET, OPTIONS, etc.)
// If it's an unsafe operation (POST, PUT, etc.), signature is (elem, params, headers).

// If something is set to any of this variables, the default set in the method creation will be overridden
// If nothing is set, then the defaults are sent'buildings', 123).evaluate({myParam: 'param'});

// GET to /buildings/123/evaluate?myParam=param with headers myHeader: specialHeaderCase'buildings', 123).evaluate({myParam: 'param'}, {'myHeader': 'specialHeaderCase'});

// Here the body of the POST is going to be {key: value} as POST is an unsafe operation
Restangular.all('users').login({key: value});

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Adding Custom Methods to Collections

Create custom methods for your collection using Restangular.extendCollection(). This is an alias for:

  Restangular.addElementTransformer(route, true, fn);


  // create methods for your collection
  Restangular.extendCollection('accounts', function(collection) {
    collection.totalAmount = function() {
      // implementation here

    return collection;

  var accountsPromise = Restangular.all('accounts').getList();

  accountsPromise.then(function(accounts) {
    accounts.totalAmount(); // invoke your custom collection method

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Adding Custom Methods to Models

Create custom methods for your models using Restangular.extendModel(). This is an alias for:

  Restangular.addElementTransformer(route, false, fn);

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  Restangular.extendModel('accounts', function(model) {
    model.prettifyAmount = function() {};
    return model;

  var accountPromise ='accounts', 1).get();

  accountPromise.then(function(account) {
    account.prettifyAmount(); // invoke your custom model method

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How can I handle errors?

Errors can be checked on the second argument of the then.

Restangular.all("accounts").getList().then(function() {
  console.log("All ok");
}, function(response) {
  console.log("Error with status code", response.status);

I need to send one header in EVERY Restangular request, how do I do this?

You can use defaultHeaders property for this or $httpProvider.defaults.headers, whichever suits you better. defaultsHeaders can be scoped with withConfig so it's really cool.

Can I cache requests?

$http can cache requests if you send the property cache to true. You can do that for every Restangular request by using defaultHttpFields property. This is the way:

RestangularProvider.setDefaultHttpFields({cache: true});

Can it be used in $routeProvider.resolve?

Yes, of course. Every method in Restangular returns a promise so this can be used without any problem.

How can I send a delete WITHOUT a body?

You must add a requestInterceptor for this.

RestangularProvider.setRequestInterceptor(function(elem, operation) {
  if (operation === "remove") {
     return null;
  return elem;

My response is actually wrapped with some metadata. How do I get the data in that case?

So, let's assume that your data is the following:

 // When getting the list, this is the response.
  "data": {
    "data": [{
      // More data
    "meta": {

// When getting a single element, this is the response.
  "data": {
    "id" : 1
    // More data

In this case, you'd need to use RestangularProvider's addResponseInterceptor. See the following:

app.config(function(RestangularProvider) {

    // add a response interceptor
    RestangularProvider.addResponseInterceptor(function(data, operation, what, url, response, deferred) {
      var extractedData;
      // .. to look for getList operations
      if (operation === "getList") {
        // .. and handle the data and meta data
        extractedData =;
        extractedData.meta =;
      } else {
        extractedData =;
      return extractedData;


I use Mongo and the ID of the elements is _id not id as the default. Therefore requests are sent to undefined routes

What you need to do is to configure the RestangularFields and set the id field to _id. Let's see how:

  id: "_id"

What if each of my models has a different ID name like CustomerID for Customer

In some cases, people have different ID name for each entity. For example, they have CustomerID for customer and EquipmentID for Equipment. If that's the case, you can override Restangular's getIdFromElem. For that, you need to do:

RestangularProvider.configuration.getIdFromElem = function(elem) {
  // if route is customers ==> returns customerID
  return elem[_.initial(elem.route).join('') + "ID"];

With that, you'd get what you need :)

How can I send files in my request using Restangular?

This can be done using the customPOST / customPUT method. Look at the following example:

          .withHttpConfig({transformRequest: angular.identity})
          .customPOST(formData, undefined, undefined,
            { 'Content-Type': undefined });

This basically tells the request to use the Content-Type: multipart/form-data as the header. Also formData is the body of the request, be sure to add all the params here, including the File you want to send of course. There is an issue already closed but with a lot of information from other users and @mgonto as well: GitHub - Restangular

How do I handle CRUD operations in a List returned by Restangular?

The best option for doing CRUD operations with a list, is to actually use the "real" list, and not the promise. It makes it easy to interact with it.

Let's see an example :).

// Here we use then to resolve the promise.
Restangular.all('users').getList().then(function(users) {
  $scope.users = users;
  var userWithId = _.find(users, function(user) {
    return === 123;
  }); = "Gonto";

  // Alternatively delete the element from the list when finished
  userWithId.remove().then(function() {
    // Updating the list and removing the user after the response is OK.
    $scope.users = _.without($scope.users, userWithId);


When you actually get a list by doing

$scope.owners = house.getList('owners').$object;

You're actually assigning a Promise to the owners value of the $scope. As Angular knows how to process promises, if in your view you do an ng-repeat of this $scope variable, results will be shown once the promise is resolved (Response arrived). However, changes to that promise that you do from your HTML won't be seen in the scope, as it's not a real array. It's just a promise of an array.

Removing an element from a collection, keeping the collection restangularized

While the example above removes the deleted user from the collection, it also overwrites the collection object with a plain array (because of _.without) which no longer knows about its Restangular attributes.

If want to keep the restangularized collection, remove the element by modifying the collection in place:

userWithId.remove().then(function() {
  var index = $scope.users.indexOf(userWithId);
  if (index > -1) $scope.users.splice(index, 1);

When I set baseUrl with a port, it's stripped out.

It won't be stripped out anymore as I've ditched $resource :). Now you can happily put the port :).

How can I access the unrestangularized element as well as the restangularized one?

In order to get this done, you need to use the responseExtractor. You need to set a property there that will point to the original response received. Also, you need to actually copy this response as that response is the one that's going to be restangularized later

RestangularProvider.setResponseExtractor(function(response) {
  var newResponse = response;
  if (angular.isArray(response)) {
    angular.forEach(newResponse, function(value, key) {
      newResponse[key].originalElement = angular.copy(value);
  } else {
    newResponse.originalElement = angular.copy(response);

  return newResponse;

Alternatively, if you just want the stripped out response on any given call, you can use the .plain() method, doing something like this:

$scope.showData = function () { {

Addendum : If you want originalElement to be the original response object instead of having an original value for each key in your newResponse array, replace

      newResponse[key].originalElement = angular.copy(value);


      newResponse.originalElement[key] = angular.copy(value);

Restangular fails with status code 0

This is typically caused by Cross Origin Request policy. In order to enable cross domain communication and get correct response with appropriate status codes, you must have the CORS headers attached, even in error responses. If the server does not attach the CORS headers to the response then the XHR object won't parse it, thus the XHR object won't have any response body, status or any other response data inside which typically will cause your request to fail with status code 0.

Why does this depend on Lodash / Underscore?

This is a very good question. I could've done the code so that I don't depend on Underscore nor Lodash, but I think both libraries make your life SO much easier. They have all of the "functional" stuff like map, reduce, filter, find, etc. With these libraries, you always work with immutable stuff, you get compatibility for browsers which don't implement ECMA5 nor some of these cool methods, and they're actually quicker. So, why not use it? If you've never heard of them, by using Restangular, you could start using them. Trust me, you're never going to give them up after this!

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How do I cancel a request?

Sometimes you may wish to cancel a request, this is how you would do it:

var canceler = $q.defer();
Restangular.all('users').withHttpConfig({timeout: canceler.promise}).get();
canceler.resolve(); // cancels the request

This is a little counterintuitive, so let me explain. Restangular is built on top of $http, which takes a timeout parameter. As per the $http docs:

timeout in milliseconds, or promise that should abort the request when resolved.

Resolving the promise (canceler in this case), will cancel the request.

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Supported Angular versions

Restangular supports all Angular versions from 1.0.X - 1.5.X

Also, when using Restangular with version >= 1.1.4, in case you're using Restangular inside a callback not handled by Angular, you have to wrap the whole request with $scope.apply to make it work or you need to run one extra $digest manually. Check out #71

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Server Frameworks

Users reported that this server frameworks play real nice with Restangular, as they let you create a Nested RESTful Resources API easily:

  • Ruby on Rails
  • CakePHP, Laravel and FatFREE, Symfony2 with RestBundle, Silex for PHP
  • Play1 & 2 for Java & scala
  • Dropwizard for Java
  • Restify and Express for NodeJS
  • Tastypie and Django Rest Framework for Django
  • Slim Framework
  • Symfony2 with FOSRestBundle (PHP)
  • Microsoft ASP.NET Web API 2
  • Grails Framework (example)

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Releases Notes

New releases notes are together with releases in GitHub at:

To see old releases notes, you can click here

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The MIT License

Copyright (c) 2014 Martin Gontovnikas

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.


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AngularJS service to handle Rest API Restful Resources properly and easily







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