Project mod_cluster is an intelligent load balancer. It uses a communication channel to forward requests from a reverse proxy server to one of a set of application server nodes. Unlike mod_jk and mod_proxy, mod_cluster leverages an additional connection between the application server nodes and the reverse proxy to transmit server-side load balance factors and lifecycle events back to the proxy. This additional feedback channel allows mod_cluster to offer a level of intelligence and granularity not found in other load balancing solutions. There are currently two reverse proxy implementations: a native Apache HTTP Server implementation and a pure Java Undertow-based implementation.
Project mod_cluster boasts the following advantages over other httpd-based load balancers:
- Dynamic configuration of httpd workers
- Server-side load balance factor calculation
- Fine grained web-app lifecycle control
- AJP is optional
These versions already ship with bundled mod_cluster. It is configured via mod_cluster subsystem.
This is the first version of AS that bundled mod_cluster, the configuration is located in
Distribution archives are provided for each Tomcat version.
Obtain the distribution archive corresponding to the intended Tomcat version by either downloading from the project website or if building from source located in
Download and unzip or untar the distribution archive and navigate to the extracted directory.
lib/directory to the Tomcat installation directory adding jars to its
lib/directory. If upgrading from a different version, it is necessary to remove all jars copied previously.
confdirectory and add the mod_cluster listener as documented here. The minimal listener configuration is as follows:
<Listener className="org.jboss.modcluster.container.tomcat.ModClusterListener" connectorPort="8080" advertiseInterfaceName="lo0"/>
Project is split up into multiple modules:
core (contains the implementation of container-independent core mod_cluster concepts) container spi (SPI classes for container integrations, has no dependencies on a specific web container) tomcat-8.5 (Tomcat 8.5 container implementation) tomcat-9.0 (Tomcat 9.0 container implementation) tomcat-10.1 (Tomcat 10.1 container implementation) load-spi (SPI classes for load metric computation) demo client server
Source code for the mod_cluster project is located on GitHub:
When building from source, first ensure that Maven version 3.2.5 or newer (run
mvn -version) and JDK 11 or newer
java -version) are installed. The following command builds modules for all containers:
mvn clean install
Distribution files for Tomcat and a demo application will be built in the
This project currently supports JaCoCo to generate a code coverage report bound to
mvn clean verify -P coverage
The resulting report can be viewed by opening
Project mod_cluster uses Red Hat Jira issue tracker under MODCLUSTER project:
This software is distributed under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License (see LICENSE.txt).