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SQL Parser

A validating SQL lexer and parser with a focus on MySQL dialect.

Code status

Tests Code Coverage Scrutinizer Code Quality Translation status Packagist Open Source Helpers Type coverage Infection MSI


Please use Composer to install:

composer require phpmyadmin/sql-parser


The API documentation is available at


Command line utilities

Command line utility to syntax highlight SQL query:

./vendor/bin/highlight-query --query "SELECT 1"

Command line utility to lint SQL query:

./vendor/bin/lint-query --query "SELECT 1"

Command line utility to tokenize SQL query:

./vendor/bin/tokenize-query --query "SELECT 1"

All commands are able to parse input from stdin (standard in), such as:

echo "SELECT 1" | ./vendor/bin/highlight-query
cat example.sql | ./vendor/bin/lint-query

Formatting SQL query

echo PhpMyAdmin\SqlParser\Utils\Formatter::format($query, ['type' => 'html']);

Discoverying query type

use PhpMyAdmin\SqlParser\Parser;
use PhpMyAdmin\SqlParser\Utils\Query;

$query = 'OPTIMIZE TABLE tbl';
$parser = new Parser($query);
$flags = Query::getFlags($parser->statements[0]);

echo $flags['querytype'];

Parsing and building SQL query

require __DIR__ . '/vendor/autoload.php';

$query1 = 'select * from a';
$parser = new PhpMyAdmin\SqlParser\Parser($query1);

// inspect query
var_dump($parser->statements[0]); // outputs object(PhpMyAdmin\SqlParser\Statements\SelectStatement)

// modify query by replacing table a with table b
$table2 = new \PhpMyAdmin\SqlParser\Components\Expression('', 'b', '', '');
$parser->statements[0]->from[0] = $table2;

// build query again from an array of object(PhpMyAdmin\SqlParser\Statements\SelectStatement) to a string
$statement = $parser->statements[0];
$query2 = $statement->build();
var_dump($query2); // outputs string(19) 'SELECT  * FROM `b` '

// Change SQL mode

// build the query again using different quotes
$query2 = $statement->build();
var_dump($query2); // outputs string(19) 'SELECT  * FROM "b" '


You can localize error messages installing phpmyadmin/motranslator version 5.0 or newer:

composer require phpmyadmin/motranslator:^5.0

The locale is automatically detected from your environment, you can also set a different locale

From cli:

LC_ALL=pl ./vendor/bin/lint-query --query "SELECT 1"

From php:

require __DIR__ . '/vendor/autoload.php';

$GLOBALS['lang'] = 'pl';

$query1 = 'select * from a';
$parser = new PhpMyAdmin\SqlParser\Parser($query1);

More information

This library was originally created during the Google Summer of Code 2015 and has been used by phpMyAdmin since version 4.5.