Automating iOS and Android Devices with the Quamotion Webdriver and Python
This repository contains a couple of guides on how to use the Quamotion WebDriver to automate iOS and Android devices with Python.
The Quamotion WebDriver provides, for iOS and Android:
- Full UI-level device automation. This includes automating operating system applications such as the Camera, applications from the App store, and browsers.
- High performance screen capturing.
- Installing, listing and uninstalling applications from application packages
- Starting, enumerating and stopping all processes running on the device
- Mocking GPS coordinates
- Resigning of iOS applications using an Apple developer profile
- All this using a Windows, Linux or macOS machine and a USB cable
To automate iOS and Android device with Python, you'll need Python 3.x and the selenium Python package.
Install it using:
pip install selenium pip install quamotion
We'll assume you've already downloaded and configured the Quamotion WebDriver.
Installing an application from the App Store
In this example, we'll install an application from the App Store on your iOS device.
To achieve this, create an device automation session. Make sure to replace
with the UDID of your iOS device!
import quamotion driver = quamotion.device('72157b76f677f22c98864d62307fdff9d56fa62a')
Once this step has completed (it may take a minute or two if this is the first time you're automating on this device), you will be able to remotely control your iOS device.
Let's configure how we are going to automate the device. One concepts in device automation is that of 'implicit waits'; that is, how long the WebDriver will attempt to locate an element, if you've asked it to find one.
By default, the implicit timeout is 0. That means the WebDriver will not wait for an element to appear, and just let you know it could not find it. It may make sense to change this. For example, when you're walking through the UI of an application, it make 100 or 200 milliseconds before the next button on which you want to click appears.
Let's set the implicit wait to 6000 milliseconds, or one minute:
Before we start automating the device, let's make sure we're in a known state and navigate to the start screen:
Next, let's launch Safari:
Depending on how Safari has been launched, you may either see the '' button at the top of the page, or the URL of the current location. Depending on the scenario, run the following command:
driver.find_element_by_xpath("//XCUIElementTypeButton[@value='Search or enter website name']").click()
The URL field will now be editable. So let's remove whatever text is being displayed there, and enter the URL of the application we want to search for in the App Store:
urlTextField = driver.find_element_by_class_name('XCUIElementTypeTextField') urlTextField.clear(); urlTextField.send_keys('itms-apps://itunes.apple.com/us/app/apple-store/id304878510') urlTextField.send_keys('\n')
This will show us a pop up, asking us whether we want to go to the App Store or not. Let's accept that alert:
You may get additional alerts, which you'll have to accept one by one.
Finally, it's time to purchase, install and launch the application. If you have previously purchased or installed the application, some of the buttons may not be visible to you.
driver.find_element_by_xpath("//XCUIElementTypeButton[@label='GET']").click() driver.find_element_by_xpath("//XCUIElementTypeButton[@label='INSTALL']").click() driver.find_element_by_xpath("//XCUIElementTypeButton[@label='OPEN']").click()
When Skype launches, you may get some additional alerts. You can accept them one by one, just like before:
Finally, when you're done: