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Spring Data JPA Spring Data JPA

Spring Data JPA icon?job=spring data jpa%2Fmain&subject=Build Gitter

Spring Data JPA, part of the larger Spring Data family, makes it easy to easily implement JPA based repositories. This module deals with enhanced support for JPA based data access layers. It makes it easier to build Spring-powered applications that use data access technologies.

Implementing a data access layer of an application has been cumbersome for quite a while. Too much boilerplate code has to be written to execute simple queries as well as perform pagination, and auditing. Spring Data JPA aims to significantly improve the implementation of data access layers by reducing the effort to the amount that’s actually needed. As a developer you write your repository interfaces, including custom finder methods, and Spring will provide the implementation automatically.

Features

  • Implementation of CRUD methods for JPA Entities

  • Dynamic query generation from query method names

  • Transparent triggering of JPA NamedQueries by query methods

  • Implementation domain base classes providing basic properties

  • Support for transparent auditing (created, last changed)

  • Possibility to integrate custom repository code

  • Easy Spring integration with custom namespace

Code of Conduct

This project is governed by the Spring Code of Conduct. By participating, you are expected to uphold this code of conduct. Please report unacceptable behavior to spring-code-of-conduct@pivotal.io.

Getting Started

Here is a quick teaser of an application using Spring Data Repositories in Java:

public interface PersonRepository extends CrudRepository<Person, Long> {

  List<Person> findByLastname(String lastname);

  List<Person> findByFirstnameLike(String firstname);
}

@Service
public class MyService {

  private final PersonRepository repository;

  public MyService(PersonRepository repository) {
    this.repository = repository;
  }

  public void doWork() {

    repository.deleteAll();

    Person person = new Person();
    person.setFirstname("Oliver");
    person.setLastname("Gierke");
    repository.save(person);

    List<Person> lastNameResults = repository.findByLastname("Gierke");
    List<Person> firstNameResults = repository.findByFirstnameLike("Oli*");
 }
}

@Configuration
@EnableJpaRepositories("com.acme.repositories")
class AppConfig {

  @Bean
  public DataSource dataSource() {
    return new EmbeddedDatabaseBuilder().setType(EmbeddedDatabaseType.H2).build();
  }

  @Bean
  public JpaTransactionManager transactionManager(EntityManagerFactory emf) {
    return new JpaTransactionManager(emf);
  }

  @Bean
  public JpaVendorAdapter jpaVendorAdapter() {
    HibernateJpaVendorAdapter jpaVendorAdapter = new HibernateJpaVendorAdapter();
    jpaVendorAdapter.setDatabase(Database.H2);
    jpaVendorAdapter.setGenerateDdl(true);
    return jpaVendorAdapter;
  }

  @Bean
  public LocalContainerEntityManagerFactoryBean entityManagerFactory() {
    LocalContainerEntityManagerFactoryBean lemfb = new LocalContainerEntityManagerFactoryBean();
    lemfb.setDataSource(dataSource());
    lemfb.setJpaVendorAdapter(jpaVendorAdapter());
    lemfb.setPackagesToScan("com.acme");
    return lemfb;
  }
}

Maven configuration

Add the Maven dependency:

<dependency>
  <groupId>org.springframework.data</groupId>
  <artifactId>spring-data-jpa</artifactId>
  <version>${version}.RELEASE</version>
</dependency>

If you’d rather like the latest snapshots of the upcoming major version, use our Maven snapshot repository and declare the appropriate dependency version.

<dependency>
  <groupId>org.springframework.data</groupId>
  <artifactId>spring-data-jpa</artifactId>
  <version>${version}.BUILD-SNAPSHOT</version>
</dependency>

<repository>
  <id>spring-libs-snapshot</id>
  <name>Spring Snapshot Repository</name>
  <url>https://repo.spring.io/libs-snapshot</url>
</repository>

Getting Help

Having trouble with Spring Data? We’d love to help!

Reporting Issues

Spring Data uses GitHub as issue tracking system to record bugs and feature requests. If you want to raise an issue, please follow the recommendations below:

  • Before you log a bug, please search the issue tracker to see if someone has already reported the problem.

  • If the issue doesn’t exist already, create a new issue.

  • Please provide as much information as possible with the issue report, we like to know the version of Spring Data that you are using and JVM version, complete stack traces and any relevant configuration information.

  • If you need to paste code, or include a stack trace format it as code using triple backtick.

  • If possible try to create a test-case or project that replicates the issue. Attach a link to your code or a compressed file containing your code. Use an in-memory datatabase if possible or set the database up using Testcontainers.

Building from Source

You don’t need to build from source to use Spring Data (binaries in repo.spring.io), but if you want to try out the latest and greatest, Spring Data can be easily built with the maven wrapper. You also need JDK 1.8.

 $ ./mvnw clean install

If you want to build with the regular mvn command, you will need Maven v3.5.0 or above.

Also see CONTRIBUTING.adoc if you wish to submit pull requests, and in particular please sign the Contributor’s Agreement before your first non-trivial change.

Building reference documentation

Building the documentation builds also the project without running tests.

 $ ./mvnw clean install -Pdistribute

The generated documentation is available from target/site/reference/html/index.html.

Guides

The spring.io site contains several guides that show how to use Spring Data step-by-step:

Examples

License

Spring Data JPA is Open Source software released under the Apache 2.0 license.