A Visual Studio extension that provides enhanced support for editing High Level Shading Language (HLSL) files
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HLSL Tools for Visual Studio

Join the chat at https://gitter.im/tgjones/HlslTools

A Visual Studio 2015 / 2017 extension that provides enhanced support for editing High Level Shading Language (HLSL) files.

Build status Issue Stats Issue Stats

Download the extension at the VS Gallery or get the nightly build.

See the changelog for changes and roadmap.

Why use HLSL Tools?

Since Visual Studio 2012, Visual Studio has shipped with basic support for editing HLSL files. In addition to that basic feature set, HLSL Tools includes many more navigational and editing features:

VS2015 / VS2017 VS2015 / VS2017 with HLSL Tools
Syntax highlighting Syntax highlighting
Automatic formatting Automatic formatting
Brace matching Brace matching
Brace completion Brace completion
Outlining Outlining
Statement completion
Signature help
Reference highlighting
Navigation bar
Navigate to (Ctrl+,)
Live errors
Go to definition
Quick info
Gray out code excluded by preprocessor
HLSL-specific preferences

There are more features on the roadmap.


Statement completion

Just start typing, and HLSL Tools will show you a list of the available symbols (variables, functions, etc.) at that location. You can manually trigger this with the usual shortcuts: Ctrl+J, Ctrl+Space, etc.

Statement completion demo

Signature help

Signature help (a.k.a. parameter info) shows you all the overloads for a function call, along with information (from MSDN) about the function, its parameters, and return types. Typing an open parenthesis will trigger statement completion, as will the standard Ctrl+Shift+Space shortcut. Signature help is available for all HLSL functions and methods, including the older tex2D-style texture sampling functions, and the newer Texture2D.Sample-style methods.

Signature help demo

Reference highlighting

Placing the cursor within a symbol (local variable, function name, etc.) will cause all references to that symbol to be highlighted. Navigate between references using Ctrl+Shift+Up and Ctrl+Shift+Down.

Reference highlighting demo

Navigation bar

Navigation bar demo

Navigate To

HLSL Tools supports Visual Studio's Navigate To feature. Activate it with Ctrl+,, and start typing the name of the variable, function, or other symbol that you want to find.

Navigate To demo

Live errors

HLSL Tools shows you syntax and semantic errors immediately. No need to wait till compilation! Errors are shown as squigglies and in the error list.

Live errors demo

Go to definition

Press F12 to go to a symbol definition. Go to definition works for variables, fields, functions, classes, macros, and more.

Go to definition demo

Quick info

Hover over almost anything (variable, field, function call, macro, semantic, type, etc.) to see a Quick Info tooltip.

Quick info demo

Preprocessor support

HLSL Tools evaluates preprocessor directives as it parses your code, and grays out excluded code. If you want to make a code block visible to, or hidden from, HLSL Tools, use the __INTELLISENSE__ macro:



Configure HLSL-specific IntelliSense and formatting options. If you really want to, you can disable IntelliSense altogether and just use HLSL Tools' other features. You can also set HLSL-specific highlighting colours in Tools > Options > Environment > Fonts and Colors.

Options demo


The code

HLSL Tools includes a handwritten HLSL parser. It initially used an ANTLR lexer and parser, but the handwritten version was faster, and offered better error recovery.

HLSL Tools has a reasonable test suite - although it can certainly be improved. Amongst more granular tests, it includes a suite of 433 shaders, including all of the shaders from the DirectX and Nvidia SDKs. If you want to contribute gnarly source files which push HLSL to its limit, that would be great!

Syntax visualizer

Inspired by Roslyn, HLSL Tools includes a syntax visualizer. It's primarily of interest to HLSL Tools developers, but may be of interest to language nerds, so it's included in the main extension. Open it using View > Other Windows > HLSL Syntax Visualizer.

Syntax visualizer demo

Custom preprocessor definitions and additional include directories

HLSL Tools will, by default, only use the directory containing the source file to search for #include files.

You can customise this, and add additional preprocessor definitions, by creating a file named shadertoolsconfig.json:

  "hlsl.preprocessorDefinitions": {
  "hlsl.additionalIncludeDirectories": [

HLSL Tools will look for a file named shadertoolsconfig.json in the directory of an opened file, and in every parent directory. A search for shadertoolsconfig.json files will stop when the drive root is reached or a shadertoolsconfig.json file with "root": true is found. If multiple config files are found during this search, they will be combined, with properties in closer files taking precedence.

Config files are cached for performance reasons. If you make make changes to a config file, you'll need to close and re-open any source files that use that config file.

Getting involved

You can ask questions in our Gitter room. If you find a bug or want to request a feature, create an issue here . You can find me on Twitter at @_tim_jones_ and I tweet about HLSL Tools using the #hlsltools hashtag.

Contributions are always welcome. Please read the contributing guide first.



  • Much of the code structure, and some of the actual code, comes from Roslyn.
  • NQuery-vnext is a nice example of a simplified Roslyn-style API, and HLSL Tools borrows some of its ideas and code.
  • Node.js Tools for Visual Studio and Python Tools for Visual Studio are amongst the best examples of how to build a language service for Visual Studio, and were a great help.
  • ScriptSharp is one of the older open-source .NET-related compilers, and is still a great example of how to structure a compiler.
  • LangSvcV2 includes many nice abstractions for some of the more complicated parts of Visual Studio's language service support.