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README.md

AngularJS Rails Resource

Build Status

A resource factory inspired by $resource from AngularJS and Misko's recommendation.

Differences from $resource

This library is not a drop in replacement for $resource. There are significant differences that you should be aware of:

  1. get and query return $q promises, not an instance or array that will be populated. To gain access to the results you should use the promise then function.
  2. By default we perform root wrapping and unwrapping (if wrapped) when communicating with the server.
  3. By default we convert attribute names between underscore and camel case.

FAQs

How come I can't iterate the array returned from query?

We don't return an array. We return promises not arrays or objects that get filled in later.

If you need access to the array in your JS code you can use the promise then function:

Book.query({title: 'Moby Dick'}).then(function (books) {
    $scope.books = books;
});

I like underscores, how can I turn off the name conversion?

You can inject the railsSerializerProvider into your application config function and override the underscore and camelize functions:

angular.module('app').config(["railsSerializerProvider", function(railsSerializerProvider) {
    railsSerializerProvider.underscore(angular.identity).camelize(angular.identity);
}]);

Installation

Rails Asset Pipeline

Add this line to your application's Gemfile to use the latest stable version:

gem 'angularjs-rails-resource', '~> 1.1.1'

Include the javascript somewhere in your asset pipeline:

//= require angularjs/rails/resource

To add extensions just add additional requires:

//= require angularjs/rails/resource/extensions/snapshots

Standalone

If you aren't using the Rails asset pipeline you can download the combined angularjs-rails-resource.js or angularjs-rails-resource.min.js.

You can also use Bower to install angularjs-rails-resource.

Branching and Versioning

As much as possible we will try to adhere to the SemVer guidelines on release numbering.

The master branch may contain work in progress and should not be considered stable.

Release branches should remain stable but it is always best to rely on the ruby gem release versions as the most stable versions.

Changes

Make sure to check the CHANGELOG for any breaking changes between releases.

Usage

There are a lot of different ways that you can use the resources and we try not to force you into any specific pattern. All of the functionality is packed in an AngularJS module named "rails" so make sure that your modules depend on that module for the dependency injection to work properly.

There are more examples available in EXAMPLES.md.

Defining Resources

There are multiple ways that you can set up define new resources in your application.

railsResourceFactory

Similar to $resource, we provide a railsResourceFactory(config) function that takes a config object with the configuration settings for the new resource. The factory function returns a new class that is extended from RailsResource.

angular.module('book.services', ['rails']);
angular.module('book.services').factory('Book', ['railsResourceFactory', function (railsResourceFactory) {
    return railsResourceFactory({
        url: '/books',
        name: 'book'
    });
}]);

RailsResource extension

We also expose the RailsResource as base class that you can extend to create your own resource classes. Extending the RailsResource class directly gives you a bit more flexibility to add custom constructor code. There are probably ten different ways to extend the class but the two that we intend to be used are through CoffeeScript or through the same logic that the factory function uses.

CoffeeScript

To allow better integration with CoffeeScript, we expose the RailsResource as a base class that can be extended to create resource classes. When extending RailsResource you should use the @configure function to set configuration properties for the resource. You can call @configure multiple times to set additional properties as well.

class Book extends RailsResource
  @configure url: '/books', name: 'book'

class Encyclopedia extends Book
  @configure url: '/encyclopedias', name: 'encyclopedia'
JavaScript

Since the purpose of exposing the RailsResource was to allow for CoffeeScript users to create classes from it the JavaScript way is basically just the same as the generated CoffeeScript code. The RailsResource.extendTo function is a modification of the __extends function that CoffeeScript generates.

function Resource() {
    Resource.__super__.constructor.apply(this, arguments);
}

RailsResource.extendTo(Resource);
Resource.configure(config);

Using Resources

angular.module('book.controllers').controller('BookShelfCtrl', ['$scope', 'Book', function ($scope, Book) {
    $scope.searching = true;
    // Find all books matching the title
    $scope.books = Book.query({
        title: title
    });
    $scope.books.then(function (results) {
        $scope.searching = false;
    }, function (error) {
        $scope.searching = false;
    });

    // Find a single book and update it
    Book.get(1234).then(function (book) {
        book.lastViewed = new Date();
        book.update();
    });

    // Create a book and save it
    new Book({
        title: 'Gardens of the Moon',
        author: 'Steven Erikson',
        isbn: '0-553-81957-7'
    }).create();
}]);

Custom Serialization

When defining a resource, you can pass a custom serializer using the serializer configuration option to alter the behavior of the object serialization.

Author = railsResourceFactory({
    url: '/authors',
    name: 'author',
    serializer: railsSerializer(function () {
        this.exclude('birthDate', 'books');
        this.nestedAttribute('books');
        this.resource('books', 'Book');
    })
});

You can also specify a serializer as a factory and inject it as a dependency.

angular.module('rails').factory('BookSerializer', function (railsSerializer) {
    return railsSerializer(function () {
        this.exclude('publicationDate', 'relatedBooks');
        this.rename('ISBN', 'isbn');
        this.nestedAttribute('chapters', 'notes');
        this.serializeWith('chapters', 'ChapterSerializer');
        this.add('numChapters', function (book) {
            return book.chapters.length;
        });
    });
});

Book = railsResourceFactory({
    url: '/books',
    name: 'book',
    serializer: 'BookSerializer'
});

Config Options

The following configuration options are available for customizing resources. Each of the configuration options can be passed as part of an object to the railsResourceFactory function or to the resource's configure function. The configure function defined on the resource can be called multiple times to adjust properties as needed.

  • url - This is the url of the service. See Resource URLs below for more information.
  • rootWrapping - (Default: true) Turns on/off root wrapping on JSON (de)serialization.
  • name - This is the name used for root wrapping when dealing with singular instances.
  • pluralName (optional) - If specified this name will be used for unwrapping array results. If not specified then the serializer's pluralize method is used to calculate the plural name from the singular name.
  • idAttribute (optional) - (Default: 'id') Configures what field on the record represents the unique identifier.
  • httpConfig (optional) - By default we will add the following headers to ensure that the request is processed as JSON by Rails. You can specify additional http config options or override any of the defaults by setting this property. See the AngularJS $http API for more information.
    • headers
      • Accept - application/json
      • Content-Type - application/json
  • defaultParams (optional) - If the resource expects a default set of query params on every call you can specify them here.
  • underscoreParams (optional) - Controls whether or not query parameters are converted from camel case to underscore.
  • updateMethod (optional) - Allows overriding the default HTTP method (PUT) used for update. Valid values are "post", "put", or "patch".
  • serializer (optional) - Allows specifying a custom serializer to configure custom serialization options.
  • fullResponse (optional) - When set to true promises will return full $http responses instead of just the response data.
  • interceptors (optional) - See Interceptors
  • extensions (optional) - See Extensions

Deprecated:

NOTE: The names should be specified using camel case when using the key transformations because that happens before the root wrapping by default. For example, you should specify "publishingCompany" and "publishingCompanies" instead of "publishing_company" and "publishing_companies".

Provider Configuration

RailsResource can be injected as RailsResourceProvider into your app's config method to configure defaults for all the resources application-wide. The individual resource configuration takes precedence over application-wide default configuration values. Each configuration option listed is exposed as a method on the provider that takes the configuration value as the parameter and returns the provider to allow method chaining.

  • rootWrapping - {function(boolean):RailsResourceProvider}
  • httpConfig - {function(object):RailsResourceProvider}
  • defaultParams - {function(object):RailsResourceProvider}
  • underscoreParams - {function(boolean):RailsResourceProvider}
  • updateMethod - {function(boolean):RailsResourceProvider}
  • fullResponse - {function(boolean):RailsResourceProvider}
  • extensions - {function(...string):RailsResourceProvider}

For example, to turn off the root wrapping application-wide and set the update method to PATCH:

app.config(function (RailsResourceProvider) {
    RailsResourceProvider.rootWrapping(false).updateMethod('patch');
);

Resource URLs

The URL can be specified as one of three ways:

  1. function (context) - You can pass your own custom function that converts a context variable into a url string

  2. basic string - A string without any expression variables will be treated as a base URL and assumed that instance requests should append id to the end.

  3. AngularJS expression - An expression url is evaluated at run time based on the given context for non-instance methods or the instance itself. For example, given the url expression: /stores/{{storeId}}/items/{{id}}

Item.query({category: 'Software'}, {storeId: 123}) // would generate a GET to /stores/1234/items?category=Software
Item.get({storeId: 123, id: 1}) // would generate a GET to /stores/123/items/1

new Item({store: 123}).create() // would generate a POST to /stores/123/items
new Item({id: 1, storeId: 123}).update() // would generate a PUT to /stores/123/items/1

Promises

$http documentation describes the promise data very well so I highly recommend reading that.

In addition to the fields listed in the $http documentation an additional field named originalData is added to the response object to keep track of what the field was originally pointing to. The originalData is not a deep copy, it just ensures that if response.data is reassigned that there's still a pointer to the original response.data object.

Resource Methods

RailsResources have the following class methods available.

Class Methods

  • Constructor(data) - The Resource object can act as a constructor function for use with the JavaScript new keyword.

    • data {object} (optional) - Optional data to set on the new instance
  • configure(options) - Change one or more configuration option for a resource.

  • extendTo(child) - Modifies the child to be a subclass of a RailsResource. This can be used to create multiple levels of inheritance. See RailsResource extension for more information

  • include(...module) - Includes a mixin module into the resource. See Mixins for more information

  • setUrl(url) - Updates the url for the resource, same as calling configure({url: url})

  • $url(context, path) - Returns the resource URL using the given context with the optional path appended if provided.

    • context {*} - The context to use when building the url. See Resource URLs above for more information.
    • path {string} (optional) - A path to append to the resource's URL.
    • returns {string} - The resource URL
  • query(queryParams, context) - Executes a GET request against the resource's base url (e.g. /books).

    • query params {object} (optional) - An map of strings or objects that are passed to $http to be turned into query parameters
    • context {*} (optional) - A context object that is used during url evaluation to resolve expression variables
    • returns {promise} - A promise that will be resolved with an array of new Resource instances
  • get(context) - Executes a GET request against the resource's url (e.g. /books/1234).

    • context {*} - A context object that is used during url evaluation to resolve expression variables. If you are using a basic url this can be an id number to append to the url.
    • returns {promise} A promise that will be resolved with a new instance of the Resource
  • $get(customUrl, queryParams) - Executes a GET request against the given URL.

    • customUrl {string} - The url to GET
    • queryParams {object} (optional) - The set of query parameters to include in the GET request
    • returns {promise} A promise that will be resolved with a new Resource instance (or instances in the case of an array response).
  • $post(customUrl, data), $put(customUrl, data), $patch(customUrl, data) - Serializes the data parameter using the Resource's normal serialization process and submits the result as a POST / PUT / PATCH to the given URL.

    • customUrl {string} - The url to POST / PUT / PATCH to
    • data {object} - The data to serialize and POST / PUT / PATCH
    • returns {promise} A promise that will be resolved with a new Resource instance (or instances in the case of an array response).
  • $delete(customUrl, queryParams) - Executes a DELETE to a custom URL. The main difference between this and $http.delete is that a server response that contains a body will be deserialized using the normal Resource deserialization process.

    • customUrl {string} - The url to DELETE to
    • queryParams {object} (optional) - The set of query parameters to include in the DELETE request
    • returns {promise} A promise that will be resolved with a new Resource instance (or instances in the case of an array response) if the server includes a response body.
  • $http(httpConfig, context, resourceConfigOverrides) - Executes an HTTP operation specified by the config. The request data is serialized and root wrapped (if configured). The response data is unwrapped (if configured) and deserialized and copied to the context object if specified.

    • httpConfig {object} - Standard $http config object.
    • context {object} - The instance that the operation is being run against.
    • resourceConfigOverrides {object} - An optional set of RailsResource configuration option overrides to use for this request.
  • addInterceptor(interceptor) - Adds an interceptor to the resource class.

    • interceptor {object | string} - See Interceptors for details of object format.
  • intercept(phase, callback) - Creates an interceptor for the specified phase and adds it to the resource's interceptor list. The callback function will be executed when the interceptor phase is run. If the callback function returns a value that will take the place of the value going forward in the promise chain.

    • phase {string} - The interceptor phase, see Interceptors for a list of phases.
    • callback {function(value, resourceConstructor, context)} - The callback function to execute. The value parameter varies based on the phase. See Interceptors for details. The resourceConstructor is the resource's constructor function. The context is the resource instance that operation is running against which may be undefined.
  • interceptBeforeRequest(callback) - Shortcut for intercept('beforeRequest', callback)

  • interceptBeforeRequestWrapping(callback) - Shortcut for intercept('beforeRequestWrapping', callback)

  • interceptRequest(callback) - Shortcut for intercept('request', callback)

  • interceptBeforeResponse(callback) - Shortcut for intercept('beforeResponse', callback)

  • interceptBeforeResponseDeserialize(callback) - Shortcut for intercept('beforeResponseDeserialize', callback)

  • interceptResponse - Shortcut for intercept('response', callback)

  • interceptAfterResponse - Shortcut for intercept('afterResponse', callback)

Deprecated

  • beforeRequest(fn(data, resource)) - See Interceptors for more information. The function is called prior to the serialization process so the data passed to the function is still a Resource instance as long as another transformation function has not returned a new object to serialize.

    • fn(data, resource) {function} - The function to add as a transformer.
      • data {object} - The data being serialized
      • resource {Resource class} - The Resource class that is calling the function
      • returns {object | undefined} - If the function returns a new object that object will instead be used for serialization.
  • beforeResponse(fn(data, resource, context)) - See Interceptors for more information. The function is called after the response data has been unwrapped and deserialized.

    • fn(data, resource, context) {function} - The function to add as an interceptor
      • data {object} - The data received from the server
      • resource {Resource function} - The Resource constructor that is calling the function
      • context {Resource|undefined} - The Resource instance that is calling the function or undefined if called from a class level method (get, query).
  • afterResponse(fn(data, resource, context)) - See Interceptors for more information. This function is called after all internal processing and beforeResponse callbacks have been completed.

    • fn(data, resource) {function} - The function to add as an interceptor
      • data {object} - The result, either an array of resource instances or a single resource instance.
      • resource {Resource function} - The Resource constructor that is calling the function

Instance Methods

The instance methods can be used on any instance (created manually or returned in a promise response) of a resource. All of the instance methods will update the instance in-place on response and will resolve the promise with the current instance.

  • $url(path) - Returns this Resource instance's URL with the optional path appended if provided.

    • path {string} (optional) - A path to append to the resource's URL.
  • get() - Refreshes the instance from the server.

    • returns {promise} - A promise that will be resolved with the instance itself
  • create() - Submits the resource instance to the resource's base URL (e.g. /books) using a POST

    • returns {promise} - A promise that will be resolved with the instance itself
  • update() - Submits the resource instance to the resource's URL (e.g. /books/1234) using a PUT

    • returns {promise} - A promise that will be resolved with the instance itself
  • save() - Calls create if isNew returns true, otherwise it calls update.

  • remove(), delete() - Executes an HTTP DELETE against the resource's URL (e.g. /books/1234)

    • returns {promise} - A promise that will be resolved with the instance itself
  • $http(httpConfig, resourceConfigOverrides) - Executes class method $http with the resource instance as the operation context.

  • $post(customUrl), $put(customUrl), $patch(customUrl) - Serializes and submits the instance using an HTTP POST/PUT/PATCH to the given URL.

    • customUrl {string} - The url to POST / PUT / PATCH to
    • returns {promise} - A promise that will be resolved with the instance itself
  • $delete(customUrl, queryParams) - Executes a DELETE to a custom URL. The main difference between this and $http.delete is that a server response that contains a body will be deserialized using the normal Resource deserialization process.

    • customUrl {string} - The url to DELETE to
    • queryParams {object} (optional) - The set of query parameters to include in the DELETE request
    • returns {promise} - A promise that will be resolved with the instance itself

Serializers

Out of the box, resources serialize all available keys and transform key names between camel case and underscores to match Ruby conventions. However, that basic serialization often isn't ideal in every situation. With the serializers users can define customizations that dictate how serialization and deserialization is performed. Users can: rename attributes, specify extra attributes, exclude attributes with the ability to exclude all attributes by default and only serialize ones explicitly allowed, specify other serializers to use for an attribute and even specify that an attribute is a nested resource.

AngularJS automatically excludes all attribute keys that begin with $ in their toJson code.

railsSerializer

  • railsSerializer(options, customizer) - Builds a Serializer constructor function using the configuration options specified.
    • options {object} (optional) - Configuration options to alter the default operation of the serializers. This parameter can be excluded and the customizer function specified as the first argument instead.
    • customizer {function} (optional) - A function that will be called to customize the serialization logic.
    • returns {Serializer} - A Serializer constructor function

Configuration

The railsSerializer function takes a customizer function that is called on create within the context of the constructed Serializer. From within the customizer function you can call customization functions that affect what gets serialized and how or override the default options.

Configuration Options

Serializers have the following available configuration options:

  • underscore - (function) Allows users to supply their own custom underscore conversion logic.
    • default: RailsInflector.underscore
    • parameters
      • attribute {string} - The current name of the attribute
    • returns {string} - The name as it should appear in the JSON
  • camelize - (function) Allows users to supply their own custom camelization logic.
    • default: RailsInflector.camelize
    • parameters
      • attribute {string} - The name as it appeared in the JSON
    • returns {string} - The name as it should appear in the resource
  • pluralize - (function) Allows users to supply their own custom pluralization logic.
    • default: RailsInflector.pluralize
    • parameters
      • attribute {string} - The name as it appeared in the JSON
    • returns {string} - The name as it should appear in the resource
  • exclusionMatchers {array} - An list of rules that should be applied to determine whether or not an attribute should be excluded. The values in the array can be one of the following types:
    • string - Defines a prefix that is used to test for exclusion
    • RegExp - A custom regular expression that is tested against the attribute name
    • function - A custom function that accepts a string argument and returns a boolean with true indicating exclusion.

Provider Configuration

railsSerializer can be injected as railsSerializerProvider into your app's config method to configure defaults for all the serializers application-wide. Each configuration option listed is exposed as a method on the provider that takes the configuration value as the parameter and returns the provider to allow method chaining.

  • underscore - {function(fn):railsSerializerProvider}
  • camelize - {function(fn):railsSerializerProvider}
  • pluralize - {function(fn):railsSerializerProvider}
  • exclusionMatchers - {function(matchers):railsSerializerProvider}

Customization API

The customizer function passed to the railsSerializer has available to it the following methods for altering the serialization of an object. None of these methods support nested attribute names (e.g. 'books.publicationDate'), in order to customize the serialization of the books objects you would need to specify a custom serializer for the books attribute.

  • exclude (attributeName...) - Accepts a variable list of attribute names to exclude from JSON serialization. This has no impact on what is deserialized from the server.

  • only (attributeName...) - Accepts a variable list of attribute names that should be included in JSON serialization. This has no impact on what is deserialized from the server. Using this method will by default exclude all other attributes and only the ones explicitly included using only will be serialized.

  • rename (javascriptName, jsonName) - Specifies a custom name mapping for an attribute. On serializing to JSON the jsonName will be used. On deserialization, if jsonName is seen then it will be renamed as javascriptName in the resulting resource. Right now it is still passed to underscore so you could do 'publicationDate' -> 'releaseDate' and it will still underscore as release_date. However, that may be changed to prevent underscore from breaking some custom name that it doesn't handle properly.

  • nestedAttribute (attributeName...) - This is a shortcut for rename that allows you to specify a variable number of attributes that should all be renamed to _attributes to work with the Rails nested_attributes feature. This does not perform any additional logic to accomodate specifying the _destroy property.

  • resource (attributeName, resource, serializer) - Specifies an attribute that is a nested resource within the parent object. Nested resources do not imply nested attributes, if you want both you still have to specify call nestedAttribute as well. A nested resource serves two purposes. First, it defines the resource that should be used when constructing resources from the server. Second, it specifies how the nested object should be serialized. An optional third parameter serializer is available to override the serialization logic of the resource in case you need to serialize it differently in multiple contexts.

  • add (attributeName, value) - Allows custom attribute creation as part of the serialization to JSON. The parameter value can be defined as function that takes a parameter of the containing object and returns a value that should be included in the JSON.

  • serializeWith (attributeName, serializer) - Specifies a custom serializer that should be used for the attribute. The serializer can be specified either as a string reference to a registered service or as a Serializer constructor returned from railsSerializer

Serializer Methods

The serializers are defined using mostly instance prototype methods. For information on those methods please see the inline documentation. There are however a couple of class methods that are also defined to expose underscore, camelize, and pluralize. Those functions are set to the value specified by the configuration options sent to the serializer.

Interceptors

The entire request / response processing is configured as a $q promise chain. Interceptors allow inserting additional synchronous or asynchronous processing at various phases in the request / response cycle. The flexibility of the synchronous or asynchronous promise resolution allows any number of customizations to be built. For instance, on response you could load additional data before returning that the current response is complete. Or, you could listen to multiple phases and set a flag that a save operation is in progress in beforeRequest and then in afterResponse and afterResponseError you could clear the flag.

Interceptors are similar in design to the $http interceptors. You can add interceptors via the RailsResource.addInterceptors method or by explicitly adding them to the interceptors array on the on the resource config object. When you add the interceptor, you can add it using either the interceptor service factory name or the object reference. An interceptor should contain a set of keys representing one of the valid phases and the callback function for the phase.

There are several phases for both request and response to give users and mixins more flexibility for exactly where they want to insert a customization. Each phase also has a corresponding error phase which is the phase name appended with Error (e.g. beforeResponse and beforeResponseError). The error phases receive the current rejection value which in most cases would be the error returned from $http. Since these are $q promises, your interceptor can decide whether or not to propagate the error or recover from it. If you want to propagate the error, you must return a $q.reject(reason) result. Otherwise any value you return will be treated as a successful value to use for the rest of the chain. For instance, in the beforeResponseError phase you could attempt to recover by using an alternate URL for the request data and return the new promise as the result.

Each request phase interceptor is called with the $http config object, the resource constructor, and if applicable the resource instance. The interceptor is free to modify the config or create a new one. The interceptor function must return a valid $http config or a promise that will eventually resolve to a config object.

The valid request phases are:

  • beforeRequest: Interceptors are called prior to any data serialization or root wrapping.
  • beforeRequestError: Interceptors get called when a previous interceptor threw an error or resolved with a rejection.
  • beforeRequestWrapping: Interceptors are called after data serialization but before root wrapping.
  • beforeRequestWrappingError: Interceptors get called when a previous interceptor threw an error or resolved with a rejection.
  • request: Interceptors are called after any data serialization and root wrapping have been performed.
  • requestError: Interceptors get called when a previous interceptor threw an error or resolved with a rejection.

The beforeResponse and response interceptors are called with the $http response object, the resource constructor, and if applicable the resource instance. The afterResponse interceptors are typically called with the response data instead of the full response object unless the config option fullResponse has been set to true. Like the request interceptor callbacks the response callbacks can manipulate the data or return new data. The interceptor function must return

The valid response phases are:

  • beforeResponse: Interceptors are called prior to any data processing.
  • beforeResponseError: Interceptors get called when a previous interceptor threw an error or resolved with a rejection.
  • beforeResponseDeserialize: Interceptors are called after root unwrapping but prior to data deserializing.
  • beforeResponseDeserializeError: Interceptors get called when a previous interceptor threw an error or resolved with a rejection.
  • response: Interceptors are called after the data has been deserialized and root unwrapped but prior to the data being copied to the resource instance if applicable.
  • responseError: Interceptors get called when a previous interceptor threw an error or resolved with a rejection.
  • afterResponse: Interceptors are called at the very end of the response chain after all processing has been completed. The value of the first parameter is one of the following: - resource instance: When fullResponse is false and the operation was called on a resource instance. - response data: When fullResponse is false and the operation was called on the resource class. - $http response: When fullResponse is true
  • afterResponseError: Interceptors get called when a previous interceptor threw an error or resolved with a rejection.

Example Interceptor

angular.module('rails').factory('saveIndicatorInterceptor', function () {
    return {
        'beforeRequest': function (httpConfig, resourceConstructor, context) {
            if (context && (httpConfig.method === 'post' || httpConfig.method === 'put')) {
                context.savePending = true;
            }
            return httpConfig;
        },
        'afterResponse': function (result, resourceConstructor, context) {
            if (context) {
                context.savePending = false;
            }
            return result;                    
        },
        'afterResponseError': function (rejection, resourceConstructor, context) {
            if (context) {
                context.savePending = false;
            }
            return $q.reject(rejection);
        }
    };
});

Transformers / Interceptors (DEPRECATED)

The transformers and interceptors can be specified using an array containing transformer/interceptor functions or strings that can be resolved using Angular's DI. The transformers / interceptors concept was prior to the serializers but we kept the API available because there may be use cases that can be accomplished with these but not the serializers.

Request Transformers

Transformer functions are called to transform the data before we send it to $http for POST/PUT.

A transformer function is called with two parameters:

  • data - The data that is being sent to the server
  • resource - The resource class that is calling the transformer

A transformer function must return the data. This is to allow transformers to return entirely new objects in place of the current data (such as root wrapping).

The resource also exposes a class method beforeRequest(fn) that accepts a function to execute and automatically wraps it as a transformer and appends it to the list of transformers for the resource class. The function passed to beforeRequest is called with the same two parameters. One difference is that the functions are not required to return the data, though they still can if they need to return a new object. See example.

Response Interceptors

Interceptor functions utilize $q promises to process the data returned from the server.

The interceptor is called with the promise returned from $http and is expected to return a promise for chaining. The promise passed to each interceptor contains two additional properties:

  • resource - The Resource constructor function for the resource calling the interceptor
  • context - The Resource instance if applicable (create, update, delete) calling the interceptor

Each interceptor promise is expected to return the response or a $q.reject. See Promises for more information about the promise data.

The resource also exposes a class method beforeResponse(fn) that accepts a function to execute and automatically wraps it as an interceptor and appends it to the list of interceptors for the resource class. Functions added with beforeResponse don't need to know anything about promises since they are automatically wrapped as an interceptor.

After Response Interceptors

After response interceptors are called after all processing and response interceptors have completed. An after response interceptor is analogous to chaining a promise after the resource method call but is instead for all methods.

The after response interceptors are called with the final processing promise and is expected to return a promise for chaining. The promise is resolved with the result of the operation which will be either a resource instance or an array of resource instances. The promise passed to the interceptor has the following additional property:

  • resource - The Resource constructor function for the resource calling the interceptor

The resource also exposes a class method afterResponse(fn) that accepts a function to execute and automatically wraps it as an interceptor and appends it to the list of after response interceptors for the resource class. Functions added with afterResponse don't need to know anything about promises since they are automatically wrapped as an interceptor.

Mixins

The ability to add a Mixin to a RailsResource is modeled after the example code in in the Classes chapter of The Little Book on CoffeeScript.

RailsResource provides two methods:

  • extend - Add class properties / methods to the resource
  • include - Add instance properties / methods to the resource prototype chain

When you call extend or include the mixin will be added to the resource. If your mixin provides one of the callback methods (extended or included) then those methods will be called when the mixin is added. One additional change from the normal mixin behavior is that your mixins can implement an additional configure function that will be called whenever the resource's configure function is called. That way the mixin can provide additional configuration options.

Extensions

Extensions are provided mixins that follow specific naming pattern to make it easier to include them by a shortened name.

The available extension names are:

To include an extension, you have to first include the extension in your project. You then need to add the extension to the in one of the following ways to RailsResource:

Application-wide Resource Extensions

RailsResourceProvider.extensions - adds the extension to all RailsResources within the application.

app.config(function (RailsResourceProvider) {
    RailsResourceProvider.extensions('snapshots');
});

Per-Resource Extensions

Configuration Option

The extensions configuration option adds the extension to a single RailsResource

JavaScript
Book = railsResourceFactory({
    url: '/books',
    name: 'book',
    extensions: ['snapshots']
});
CoffeeScript
class Book extends RailsResource
  @configure url: '/books', name: 'book', extensions: ['snapshots']

RailsResource.extend

RailsResource.extend - explicitly include the extension as a module

JavaScript
Book = railsResourceFactory({ url: '/books', name: 'book' });
// by name
Book.extend('RailsResourceSnapshotsMixin');
// or by injected reference
Book.extend(RailsResourceSnapshotsMixin);
CoffeeScript
class Book extends RailsResource
  @configure url: '/books', name: 'book'
  @extend 'RailsResourceSnapshotsMixin'

Snapshots

Snapshots allow you to save off the state of the resource at a specific point in time and if need be roll back to one of the saved snapshots and yes, you can create as many snapshots as you want.

Snapshots serialize the resource instance and save off a copy of the serialized data in the $snapshots array on the instance. If you use a custom serialization options to control what is sent to the server you may want to consider whether or not you want to use different serialization options. If so, you can specify an specific serializer for snapshots using the snapshotSerializer configuration option.

Calling save, create, update, or delete/remove on a resource instance will remove all snapshots when the operation completes successfully.

Configuration Options

Creating Snapshots

Creating a snapshot is easy, just call the snapshot function. You can pass an optional callback function to snapshot to perform additional custom operations after the rollback is complete. The callback function is specific to each snapshot version created so make sure you pass it every time if it's a callback you always want called.

Rolling back

So you want to undo changes to the resource? There are two methods you can use to roll back the resource to a previous snapshot version rollback and rollbackTo. Each method will:

  • Deserialize the snapshot data and update the resource instance with the new data.
  • Remove all snapshots newer than the version being rolled back to.
  • Call the rollback callback if it was specified on the snapshot in the context of the resource instance.
rollback

rollback(numVersions) allows you to roll back the resource. If you do not specify numVersions then a resource is rolled back to the last snapshot version. numVersions can be used to roll back further than the last snapshot version based on the following rules:

  • When numVersions is undefined or 0 then a single version is rolled back.
  • When numVersions exceeds the stored number of snapshots then the resource is rolled back to the first snapshot version.
  • When numVersions is less than 0 then the resource is rolled back to the first snapshot version.
  • Otherwise, numVersions represents the nth version from the last snapshot version (similar to calling rollback numVersions times).
rollbackTo

rollbackTo(snapshotVersion) allows you to roll back the resource to a specific snapshot version.

  • When snapshotVersion is greater than the number of versions then the last snapshot version will be used.
  • When snapshotVersion is less than 0 then the resource will be rolled back to the first version.
  • Otherwise, the resource will be rolled back to the specific version specified.

Tests

The tests are written using Jasmine and are run using Karma.

Running the tests should be as simple as following the instructions

Contributing

  1. Fork it
  2. Create your feature branch (git checkout -b my-new-feature)
  3. Commit your changes (git commit -am 'Added some feature')
  4. Push to the branch (git push origin my-new-feature)
  5. Create new Pull Request

License

Copyright (c) 2012 - 2013 FineLine Prototyping, Inc.

MIT License

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.