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EasyCrypt: Computer-Aided Cryptographic Proofs

EasyCrypt is a toolset for reasoning about relational properties of probabilistic computations with adversarial code. Its main application is the construction and verification of game-based cryptographic proofs.

Table of Contents

Installation requirements

EasyCrypt uses the following third-party tools/libraries:

On POSIX/Win32 systems (GNU/Linux, *BSD, OS-X), we recommend that users install EasyCrypt and all its dependencies via opam.

Via OPAM

Installing requirements using OPAM 2 (POSIX systems)

Opam can be easily installed from source or via your packages manager:

  • On Ubuntu and derivatives:

    $> add-apt-repository ppa:avsm/ppa
    $> apt-get update
    $> apt-get install ocaml ocaml-native-compilers camlp4-extra opam
    
  • On Fedora/OpenSUSE:

    $> sudo dnf update
    $> sudo dnf install ocaml ocaml-docs ocaml-camlp4-devel opam
    
  • On MacOSX using brew:

    $> brew install ocaml opam
    

Once opam and ocaml has been successfully installed run the following:

$> opam init
$> eval $(opam env)

For any issues encountered installing opam see:

You can then install all the needed dependencies via the opam OCaml packages manager.

  1. Optionally, switch to a dedicated compiler for EasyCrypt:

    $> opam switch create easycrypt $OVERSION
    

    where $OVERSION is a valid OCaml version (e.g. ocaml-base-compiler.4.07.0)

  2. Add the EasyCrypt package from repository:

    $> opam pin -yn add easycrypt https://github.com/EasyCrypt/easycrypt.git
    
  3. Optionally, use opam to install the system dependencies:

    $> opam install opam-depext
    $> opam depext easycrypt
    
  4. Install EasyCrypt's dependencies:

    $> opam install --deps-only easycrypt
    $> opam install alt-ergo
    

    If you get errors about ocamlbuild failing because it's already installed, the check can be skipped with the following:

    CHECK_IF_PREINSTALLED=false opam install --deps-only easycrypt
    
  5. You can download extra provers at the following URLs:

Installing requirements using OPAM (non-POSIX systems)

You can install all the needed dependencies via the opam OCaml packages manager.

  1. Install the opam Ocaml packages manager, following the instructions at:

    https://fdopen.github.io/opam-repository-mingw/installation/

  2. Add the EasyCrypt package from repository:

    $> opam pin -yn add easycrypt https://github.com/EasyCrypt/easycrypt.git
    
  3. Use opam to install the system dependencies:

    $> opam install depext depext-cygwinports
    $> opam depext easycrypt
    
  4. Install EasyCrypt's dependencies:

    $> opam install --deps-only easycrypt
    $> opam install alt-ergo
    
  5. You can download extra provers at the following URLs:

Via NIX

First, install the Nix package manager by following these instructions.

Then, at the root of the EasyCrypt source tree, type:

```
$> nix-shell
```

These should install all the required dependencies. From there, simply run:

```
$> make
```

to compile EasyCrypt.

Note on Prover Versions

Why3 and SMT solvers are independent pieces of software with their own version-specific interactions. Obtaining a working SMT setup may require installing specific versions of some of the provers.

At the time of writing, we depend on Why3 1.5.x, which supports the following prover versions:

  • Alt-Ergo 2.4.1 (if you install alt-ergo using opam, you can prevent upgrades using opam pin alt-ergo 2.4.1)
  • CVC4 1.8
  • Z3 4.8.10

Installing/Compiling EasyCrypt

If installing from source, running

$> make
$> make install

builds and install EasyCrypt (under the binary named easycrypt), assuming that all dependencies have been successfully installed. If you choose not to install EasyCrypt system wide, you can use the binary ec.native that is located at the root of the source tree.

EasyCrypt comes also with an opam package. Running

$> opam install easycrypt

installs EasyCrypt and its dependencies via opam. In that case, the EasyCrypt binary is named easycrypt.

Configuring Why3

Initially, and after the installation/removal/update of SMT provers, you need to (re)configure Why3 via the following easycrypt command:

$> easycrypt why3config

EasyCrypt stores the Why3 configuration file under

$XDG_CONFIG_HOME/easycrypt/why3.conf

EasyCrypt allows you, via the option -why3, to load a Why3 configuration file from a custom location. For instance:

$> easycrypt why3config -why3 $WHY3CONF.conf
$> easycrypt -why3 $WHY3CONF.conf

where $WHY3CONF must be replaced by some custom location.

Proof General Front-End

EasyCrypt mode has been integrated upstream. Please, go to https://github.com/ProofGeneral/PG and follow the instructions.

Examples

Examples of how to use EasyCrypt are in the examples directory. You will find basic examples at the root of this directory, as well as a more advanced example in the MEE-CBC sub-directory and a tutorial on how to use the complexity system in cost sub-directory.