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SwinIR: Image Restoration Using Swin Transformer

Jingyun Liang, Jiezhang Cao, Guolei Sun, Kai Zhang, Luc Van Gool, Radu Timofte

Computer Vision Lab, ETH Zurich

arXiv GitHub Stars download visitors google colab logo PlayTorch Demo Gradio Web Demo

This repository is the official PyTorch implementation of SwinIR: Image Restoration Using Shifted Window Transformer (arxiv, supp, pretrained models, visual results). SwinIR achieves state-of-the-art performance in

  • bicubic/lighweight/real-world image SR
  • grayscale/color image denoising
  • grayscale/color JPEG compression artifact reduction

🚀 🚀 🚀 News:

  • Aug. 16, 2022: Add PlayTorch Demo on running the real-world image SR model on mobile devices PlayTorch Demo.
  • Aug. 01, 2022: Add pretrained models and results on JPEG compression artifact reduction for color images.
  • Jun. 10, 2022: See our work on video restoration 🔥🔥🔥 VRT: A Video Restoration Transformer GitHub Stars download and RVRT: Recurrent Video Restoration Transformer GitHub Stars download for video SR, video deblurring, video denoising, video frame interpolation and space-time video SR.
  • Sep. 07, 2021: We provide an interactive online Colab demo for real-world image SR google colab logo🔥 for comparison with the first practical degradation model BSRGAN (ICCV2021) GitHub Stars and a recent model RealESRGAN. Try to super-resolve your own images on Colab!
Real-World Image (x4) BSRGAN, ICCV2021 Real-ESRGAN SwinIR (ours) SwinIR-Large (ours)

Image restoration is a long-standing low-level vision problem that aims to restore high-quality images from low-quality images (e.g., downscaled, noisy and compressed images). While state-of-the-art image restoration methods are based on convolutional neural networks, few attempts have been made with Transformers which show impressive performance on high-level vision tasks. In this paper, we propose a strong baseline model SwinIR for image restoration based on the Swin Transformer. SwinIR consists of three parts: shallow feature extraction, deep feature extraction and high-quality image reconstruction. In particular, the deep feature extraction module is composed of several residual Swin Transformer blocks (RSTB), each of which has several Swin Transformer layers together with a residual connection. We conduct experiments on three representative tasks: image super-resolution (including classical, lightweight and real-world image super-resolution), image denoising (including grayscale and color image denoising) and JPEG compression artifact reduction. Experimental results demonstrate that SwinIR outperforms state-of-the-art methods on different tasks by up to 0.14~0.45dB, while the total number of parameters can be reduced by up to 67%.


  1. Training
  2. Testing
  3. Results
  4. Citation
  5. License and Acknowledgement


Used training and testing sets can be downloaded as follows:

Task Training Set Testing Set Visual Results
classical/lightweight image SR DIV2K (800 training images) or DIV2K +Flickr2K (2650 images) Set5 + Set14 + BSD100 + Urban100 + Manga109 download all here
real-world image SR SwinIR-M (middle size): DIV2K (800 training images) +Flickr2K (2650 images) + OST (alternative link, 10324 images for sky,water,grass,mountain,building,plant,animal)
SwinIR-L (large size): DIV2K + Flickr2K + OST + WED(4744 images) + FFHQ (first 2000 images, face) + Manga109 (manga) + SCUT-CTW1500 (first 100 training images, texts)

*We use the pionnerring practical degradation model from BSRGAN, ICCV2021 GitHub Stars
RealSRSet+5images here
color/grayscale image denoising DIV2K (800 training images) + Flickr2K (2650 images) + BSD500 (400 training&testing images) + WED(4744 images)

*BSD68/BSD100 images are not used in training.
grayscale: Set12 + BSD68 + Urban100
color: CBSD68 + Kodak24 + McMaster + Urban100 download all
grayscale/color JPEG compression artifact reduction DIV2K (800 training images) + Flickr2K (2650 images) + BSD500 (400 training&testing images) + WED(4744 images) grayscale: Classic5 +LIVE1 download all here

The training code is at KAIR.

Testing (without preparing datasets)

For your convience, we provide some example datasets (~20Mb) in /testsets. If you just want codes, downloading models/, utils/ and is enough. Following commands will download pretrained models automatically and put them in model_zoo/swinir. All visual results of SwinIR can be downloaded here.

We also provide an online Colab demo for real-world image SR google colab logo for comparison with the first practical degradation model BSRGAN (ICCV2021) GitHub Stars and a recent model RealESRGAN. Try to test your own images on Colab!

We provide a PlayTorch demo PlayTorch Demo for real-world image SR to showcase how to run the SwinIR model in mobile application built with React Native.

# 001 Classical Image Super-Resolution (middle size)
# Note that --training_patch_size is just used to differentiate two different settings in Table 2 of the paper. Images are NOT tested patch by patch.
# (setting1: when model is trained on DIV2K and with training_patch_size=48)
python --task classical_sr --scale 2 --training_patch_size 48 --model_path model_zoo/swinir/001_classicalSR_DIV2K_s48w8_SwinIR-M_x2.pth --folder_lq testsets/Set5/LR_bicubic/X2 --folder_gt testsets/Set5/HR
python --task classical_sr --scale 3 --training_patch_size 48 --model_path model_zoo/swinir/001_classicalSR_DIV2K_s48w8_SwinIR-M_x3.pth --folder_lq testsets/Set5/LR_bicubic/X3 --folder_gt testsets/Set5/HR
python --task classical_sr --scale 4 --training_patch_size 48 --model_path model_zoo/swinir/001_classicalSR_DIV2K_s48w8_SwinIR-M_x4.pth --folder_lq testsets/Set5/LR_bicubic/X4 --folder_gt testsets/Set5/HR
python --task classical_sr --scale 8 --training_patch_size 48 --model_path model_zoo/swinir/001_classicalSR_DIV2K_s48w8_SwinIR-M_x8.pth --folder_lq testsets/Set5/LR_bicubic/X8 --folder_gt testsets/Set5/HR

# (setting2: when model is trained on DIV2K+Flickr2K and with training_patch_size=64)
python --task classical_sr --scale 2 --training_patch_size 64 --model_path model_zoo/swinir/001_classicalSR_DF2K_s64w8_SwinIR-M_x2.pth --folder_lq testsets/Set5/LR_bicubic/X2 --folder_gt testsets/Set5/HR
python --task classical_sr --scale 3 --training_patch_size 64 --model_path model_zoo/swinir/001_classicalSR_DF2K_s64w8_SwinIR-M_x3.pth --folder_lq testsets/Set5/LR_bicubic/X3 --folder_gt testsets/Set5/HR
python --task classical_sr --scale 4 --training_patch_size 64 --model_path model_zoo/swinir/001_classicalSR_DF2K_s64w8_SwinIR-M_x4.pth --folder_lq testsets/Set5/LR_bicubic/X4 --folder_gt testsets/Set5/HR
python --task classical_sr --scale 8 --training_patch_size 64 --model_path model_zoo/swinir/001_classicalSR_DF2K_s64w8_SwinIR-M_x8.pth --folder_lq testsets/Set5/LR_bicubic/X8 --folder_gt testsets/Set5/HR

# 002 Lightweight Image Super-Resolution (small size)
python --task lightweight_sr --scale 2 --model_path model_zoo/swinir/002_lightweightSR_DIV2K_s64w8_SwinIR-S_x2.pth --folder_lq testsets/Set5/LR_bicubic/X2 --folder_gt testsets/Set5/HR
python --task lightweight_sr --scale 3 --model_path model_zoo/swinir/002_lightweightSR_DIV2K_s64w8_SwinIR-S_x3.pth --folder_lq testsets/Set5/LR_bicubic/X3 --folder_gt testsets/Set5/HR
python --task lightweight_sr --scale 4 --model_path model_zoo/swinir/002_lightweightSR_DIV2K_s64w8_SwinIR-S_x4.pth --folder_lq testsets/Set5/LR_bicubic/X4 --folder_gt testsets/Set5/HR

# 003 Real-World Image Super-Resolution (use --tile 400 if you run out-of-memory)
# (middle size)
python --task real_sr --scale 4 --model_path model_zoo/swinir/003_realSR_BSRGAN_DFO_s64w8_SwinIR-M_x4_GAN.pth --folder_lq testsets/RealSRSet+5images --tile

# (larger size + trained on more datasets)
python --task real_sr --scale 4 --large_model --model_path model_zoo/swinir/003_realSR_BSRGAN_DFOWMFC_s64w8_SwinIR-L_x4_GAN.pth --folder_lq testsets/RealSRSet+5images

# 004 Grayscale Image Deoising (middle size)
python --task gray_dn --noise 15 --model_path model_zoo/swinir/004_grayDN_DFWB_s128w8_SwinIR-M_noise15.pth --folder_gt testsets/Set12
python --task gray_dn --noise 25 --model_path model_zoo/swinir/004_grayDN_DFWB_s128w8_SwinIR-M_noise25.pth --folder_gt testsets/Set12
python --task gray_dn --noise 50 --model_path model_zoo/swinir/004_grayDN_DFWB_s128w8_SwinIR-M_noise50.pth --folder_gt testsets/Set12

# 005 Color Image Deoising (middle size)
python --task color_dn --noise 15 --model_path model_zoo/swinir/005_colorDN_DFWB_s128w8_SwinIR-M_noise15.pth --folder_gt testsets/McMaster
python --task color_dn --noise 25 --model_path model_zoo/swinir/005_colorDN_DFWB_s128w8_SwinIR-M_noise25.pth --folder_gt testsets/McMaster
python --task color_dn --noise 50 --model_path model_zoo/swinir/005_colorDN_DFWB_s128w8_SwinIR-M_noise50.pth --folder_gt testsets/McMaster

# 006 JPEG Compression Artifact Reduction (middle size, using window_size=7 because JPEG encoding uses 8x8 blocks)
# grayscale
python --task jpeg_car --jpeg 10 --model_path model_zoo/swinir/006_CAR_DFWB_s126w7_SwinIR-M_jpeg10.pth --folder_gt testsets/classic5
python --task jpeg_car --jpeg 20 --model_path model_zoo/swinir/006_CAR_DFWB_s126w7_SwinIR-M_jpeg20.pth --folder_gt testsets/classic5
python --task jpeg_car --jpeg 30 --model_path model_zoo/swinir/006_CAR_DFWB_s126w7_SwinIR-M_jpeg30.pth --folder_gt testsets/classic5
python --task jpeg_car --jpeg 40 --model_path model_zoo/swinir/006_CAR_DFWB_s126w7_SwinIR-M_jpeg40.pth --folder_gt testsets/classic5

# color
python --task color_jpeg_car --jpeg 10 --model_path model_zoo/swinir/006_colorCAR_DFWB_s126w7_SwinIR-M_jpeg10.pth --folder_gt testsets/LIVE1
python --task color_jpeg_car --jpeg 20 --model_path model_zoo/swinir/006_colorCAR_DFWB_s126w7_SwinIR-M_jpeg20.pth --folder_gt testsets/LIVE1
python --task color_jpeg_car --jpeg 30 --model_path model_zoo/swinir/006_colorCAR_DFWB_s126w7_SwinIR-M_jpeg30.pth --folder_gt testsets/LIVE1
python --task color_jpeg_car --jpeg 40 --model_path model_zoo/swinir/006_colorCAR_DFWB_s126w7_SwinIR-M_jpeg40.pth --folder_gt testsets/LIVE1


We achieved state-of-the-art performance on classical/lightweight/real-world image SR, grayscale/color image denoising and JPEG compression artifact reduction. Detailed results can be found in the paper. All visual results of SwinIR can be downloaded here.

Classical Image Super-Resolution (click me)

  • More detailed comparison between SwinIR and a representative CNN-based model RCAN (classical image SR, X4)
Method Training Set Training time
batch=32, iter=500k)
on Manga109
Run time
on 256x256 LR image)*
#Params #FLOPs Testing memory
RCAN DIV2K 1.6 days 31.22/0.9173 0.180s 15.6M 850.6G 593.1M
SwinIR DIV2K 1.8 days 31.67/0.9226 0.539s 11.9M 788.6G 986.8M

* We re-test the runtime when the GPU is idle. We refer to the evluation code here.

  • Results on DIV2K-validation (100 images)
Training Set scale factor PSNR (RGB) PSNR (Y) SSIM (RGB) SSIM (Y)
DIV2K (800 images) 2 35.25 36.77 0.9423 0.9500
DIV2K+Flickr2K (2650 images) 2 35.34 36.86 0.9430 0.9507
DIV2K (800 images) 3 31.50 32.97 0.8832 0.8965
DIV2K+Flickr2K (2650 images) 3 31.63 33.10 0.8854 0.8985
DIV2K (800 images) 4 29.48 30.94 0.8311 0.8492
DIV2K+Flickr2K (2650 images) 4 29.63 31.08 0.8347 0.8523
Lightweight Image Super-Resolution

Real-World Image Super-Resolution

Grayscale Image Deoising

Color Image Deoising

JPEG Compression Artifact Reduction

on grayscale images

on color images

Training Set quality factor PSNR (RGB) PSNR-B (RGB) SSIM (RGB)
LIVE1 10 28.06 27.76 0.8089
LIVE1 20 30.45 29.97 0.8741
LIVE1 30 31.82 31.24 0.9018
LIVE1 40 32.75 32.12 0.9174


  title={SwinIR: Image Restoration Using Swin Transformer},
  author={Liang, Jingyun and Cao, Jiezhang and Sun, Guolei and Zhang, Kai and Van Gool, Luc and Timofte, Radu},
  journal={arXiv preprint arXiv:2108.10257},

License and Acknowledgement

This project is released under the Apache 2.0 license. The codes are based on Swin Transformer and KAIR. Please also follow their licenses. Thanks for their awesome works.