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m2devbox

Latest release Magento 2.x Docker 17.05+ License: MPL-2.0

The goal of m2devbox is to accelerate setting up development environments for Magento 2.

If you are developing a Magento 2 module and want to quickly test it in multiple release versions of Magento, you can simply start your preferred Magento release, and your module(s) will be automatically available inside it!

m2devbox is not intended to create a production Magento 2 Docker setup.

m2devbox terminal demo animation


πŸ“ Requirements

  • Docker 17.05+
  • PHP ^7.4||^8.0
  • php-zlib

m2devbox can make use of the newer BuildKit Docker backend that results in a faster build process with smaller Docker images. m2devbox automatically uses BuildKit if it finds a Docker Engine 18.09 or above.

πŸ› οΈ Installation

m2devbox is available as a PHAR file or as a Composer package. You can use it locally in your project, or you can install it globally.

Recommended: global PHAR installation

wget https://github.com/MageGyver/m2devbox/releases/latest/download/m2devbox.phar
chmod u+x m2devbox.phar
mv m2devbox.phar /usr/local/bin/m2devbox
m2devbox status

Download the latest PHAR release to your local machine, and move it to some directory that is accessible via $PATH. For moving, you might need superuser privileges:

sudo mv m2devbox.phar /usr/local/bin/m2devbox

Now you can run m2devbox anywhere.

Local PHAR installation

wget https://github.com/MageGyver/m2devbox/releases/latest/download/m2devbox.phar
php m2devbox.phar status

Download the latest PHAR release to your current working directory and use it right away.

Local Composer installation

composer require magegyver/m2devbox
php vendor/bin/m2devbox status

Require magegyver/m2devbox in your local project and run it from the vendor/bin/ directory.

🧰 Workflows

With m2devbox, you can quickly spin up a Magento 2 instance and start developing and testing Magento 2 extensions inside it.

There are two main use cases in m2devbox:

Creating a new blank module and start a suitable Magento 2 instance.

This is the primary use case of m2devbox, and it is most useful if you want to start building a new module and need a working Magento 2 environment.

m2devbox will create a blank Magento 2 module in your working directory. Then it creates a vanilla Magento installation in your host system's cache directory (i.e. ~/.cache/m2devbox), builds a Docker setup containing this installation and mounts your new module into app/code/.

Starting a plain Magento 2 instance.

If you already have one or more modules and want to test them in any given Magento 2 instance, this mode is right for you.

m2devbox creates a vanilla installation of Magento 2 in your host system's cache directory (i.e. ~/.cache/m2devbox), builds a Docker setup containing this installation and mounts ./app_code/ into the container's Magento app/code/ directory.

πŸ’» Usage

Create a new blank module and start a suitable Magento 2 instance

  1. Create an empty working directory and execute m2devbox start-module inside it
  2. Answer a few basic questions regarding your module (i.e. name and desired Magento 2 version).
  3. Wait a moment while m2devbox creates a blank module and starts your Magento 2 instance. β˜•
  4. Add 127.0.0.1 m2.docker to your /etc/hosts file, to be able to access your site.
  5. Navigate to http://m2.docker:8080 and see your modules in action!

Only start a Magento 2 instance

  1. Navigate to a project directory somewhere on your machine.
  2. Create an app_code/ directory. This directory will be mounted into the app/code/ directory of your Magento 2 instance and holds all your module source code.
  3. (optional) Create a .env file in the root of your project directory to customize m2devbox settings for your project (see below).
  4. Start an instance with your desired Magento 2 version: m2devbox start 2.4.2
  5. Add 127.0.0.1 m2.docker to your /etc/hosts file, to be able to access your site.
  6. Navigate to http://m2.docker:8080 and see your modules in action!

πŸ”¨ Custom .env settings

You can customize some aspects of m2devbox by defining variables in a .env file. Create a plain-text file called .env in your project folder and put each variable you want to use in a new line. Assign a value to each variable, separating the variable and value with an = (without spaces).

Variable Default value Description
M2D_MAGE_VERSION - Magento version to start for this project.
M2D_APP_CODE ./app_code/ The directory where you put your modules. This will be mounted to app/code/ inside the Docker container.
M2D_MAGE_WEB_DOMAIN m2.docker Web domain used to access the site from your host
M2D_WEB_PORT 8080 Web port used to access the site from your host
M2D_DB_PORT 33306 MySQL port used to access the database from your host
M2D_ES_PORT 9200 Elasticsearch port used to access ES from your host
M2D_ES_CONTROL_PORT 9300 Elasticsearch control port used to access ES from your host
M2D_REDIS_PORT 6379 Redis port used to access Redis from your host
M2D_TIMEZONE Europe/Berlin Timezone to use in Magento 2
M2D_MAGE_ADMIN_USER admin Magento 2 admin user name
M2D_MAGE_ADMIN_PASS Admin123! Magento 2 admin user password
M2D_MAGE_LANG en_US Magento 2 backend language for the admin account
M2D_MAGE_CURRENCY EUR Default Magento 2 currency
M2D_DC_PROJECT_NAME m2devbox Docker compose project name.

πŸŽ“ CLI Command reference

Check currently running instances

m2devbox [status]

Running m2devbox without arguments or with the status argument displays an overview of what instances are built and currently running.

Create a blank module

m2devbox start-module [options] 

This command creates a blank Magento 2 module inside the specified project directory, consisting of only the basic registration.php and etc/module.xml files.
Depending on your given options, m2devbox will create a PhpStorm project folder (.idea/) pre-configured with settings for the official Magento 2 PhpStorm Plugin.

Option Default value Description
--vendor - Your module's vendor name
--module - Your module's name
--project-path (current working dir) The directory where the module files will be created
--phpstorm - If supplied, create a PhpStorm project directory (.idea/) with the module
--start - If supplied, directly start the Magento 2 instance after creating the module
--mage-version (latest version) (mandatory only if --start or --phpstorm are supplied) The Magento 2 version to start or configure

You can either supply these options via command line arguments, or interactively answer questions when running the command without arguments.

Start the current project's default instance

m2devbox start

To start the instance of Magento 2 that is configured in the current working directory's .env file, simply run m2devbox start without an explicit version string.

Start a specific Magento version

m2devbox start <version>

To start an specific instance of Magento 2 simply provide the desired release version as an argument for m2devbox start.

If there does not exist an instance for this version yet, m2devbox automatically starts downloading and installing it for you. You can grab a cup of coffee or simply look at the progress indicator while m2devbox sets up everything for you.

If an instance of this version is already started, it will be stopped and restarted again.

Stop the currently running instance

m2devbox stop

This command stops the currently running Magento 2 instance (only one instance can be running at the same time).

Clear an instance

m2devbox clear [options] [<versions>]

This command stops the given instance(s) and deletes the associated Magento 2 source files and database.

Argument/Option Optional? Description
--yes optional Answer all interactive questions with "yes"
versions optional Space-separated list of versions to be cleared or leave blank to clear all versions.

Running CLI commands inside an instance

m2devbox cli [<container>] [<command>]

This command runs CLI commands inside a started container. If you run m2devbox cli without any arguments, a new bash session inside the web container will be started for you. This is mostly useful if you want to run different Magento CLI commands like bin/magento cache:clean.

Argument Optional? Description Default value
container optional Container name to run the command in. Allowed values: web || db || elastic web
command optional Command to run in the container. bash

πŸ‘ Supported Magento versions

  • 2.3.4, -p2
  • 2.3.5, -p1, -p2
  • 2.3.6, -p1
  • 2.3.7, -p3
  • 2.4.0, -p1
  • 2.4.1, -p1
  • 2.4.2, -p1, -p2
  • 2.4.3, -p1, -p2
  • 2.4.4

βš–οΈ License

m2devbox is licensed under the Mozilla Public License, v. 2.0.