The Official Raku Test Suite
The purpose of the test suite is to validate implementations that wish to be known as a conforming Raku.
Please consider this test suite to be the bleeding edge of Raku
development. New tests, tests for proposed new features, etc.,
will live on this 'master' branch. Once a specification is cut, a branch
will be created for that version of the spec, e.g.,
6.c for Christmas
language release. If errata becomes available, it will be kept in
branch for that specific language version, e.g.
As they develop, different implementations will certainly be in
different states of readiness with respect to the test suite, so
in order for the various implementations to track their progress
independently, we've established a mechanism for fudging the
tests in a kind of failsoft fashion. To pass a test officially,
an implementation must be able to run a test file unmodified, but an
implementation may (temporarily) skip tests or mark them as "todo" via
the fudging mechanism, which is implemented via the
Individual implementations are not allowed to modify the actual test
code, but may insert line comments before each actual test (or block
of tests) that changes how those tests are to be treated for this
fudge preprocessor pays attention only to the comments
that belong to the current implementation and ignores all the rest. If your
implementation is named "rakudo" then your special comment lines look like:
#?rakudo: [NUM] VERB ARGS
(The colon is optional.)
The optional NUM says how many statements or blocks to apply the verb to. (If not supplied, a value of 1 is assumed). A statement is arbitrarily defined as one or more lines starting with a test call and ending in a semicolon (with an optional comment).
skip "reason" # skip test entirely eval "reason" # eval the test because it doesn't parse yet try "reason" # try the test because it throws exception todo "reason" # mark "todo" because "not ok" is expected emit code # insert code (such as "skip-rest();") inline
All fudged tests return an exit code of 1 by default, so the test harness will mark it as "dubious" even if all the tests supposedly pass.
You may also negate the test:
#!rakudo [NUM] VERB ARGS
This will apply the verb on any system that isn't rakudo.
Sometimes environment variables distinguish syntactic or semantic variants, so you may apply a verb depending on the presence or absence of such a setting:
#?MYSPECIALVAR [NUM] VERB ARGS #!MYSPECIALVAR [NUM] VERB ARGS
The environment variable must be uppercase.
There is also the following directive which modifies the test count of the next construct:
The count may be an expression as long as any variables referenced in
the expression are in scope at the location
fudge eventually inserts a
When applied to a subsequent sub definition,
fudge registers the sub name as
doing that many tests when called. Note, however, that any skipping
is done at the point of the call, not within the subroutine, so the count
may not refer to any parameter of the sub.
When you run the
fudge preprocessor, if it decides the test needs
fudging, it returns the new fudged filename; otherwise it returns
the original filename. (Generally you don't run
but your test harness runs the
fudgeall program for you; see below.)
If there is already a fudged program in the directory that is newer
than the unfudged version,
fudge just returns the fudged version
without regenerating it. If the fudged version is older, it removes
it and then decides anew whether to regenerate it based on the internal
fudgeall program may be called to process all the needed fudging
for a particular implementation:
$ fudgeall rakudo */*.t */*/*.t
fudgeall will use the
fudge program to translate any fudged files to a new
file where the extension is not
*.t but instead is
*.rakudo to indicate
the implementation dependency. It also returns the fudged list of filenames
to run, where unfudged tests are just passed through unchanged as
Each test comes through as either fudged or not, but never both.
The test harness then runs the selected test files as it normally
would (it shouldn't care whether they are named
In cases where the current working directory makes a difference, the tests
assume that the working directory is the root of the test suite, so that the
relative path to itself is
To fudge and run
prove on a specific file:
fudgeandrun does not assume any particular implementation but guesses by running
perl6 to look at special variables like
fudgeandrun usage to
specify a different implementation and other options.
This repository contains
Test::Util module with helper routines
you can use when writing tests. See POD documentation included at the end of
the module's source code. To include
the module, in your test file, you need to add
use lib line to your test file.
use lib $?FILE.IO.parent(2).add: 'packages/Test-Helpers'; use Test::Util; use Test;
Depending on the location of your test file, the number inside
may need to be adjusted to go up the correct number of times from the test
files's location to the root of the repository.
APPENDICES are not included in released versions of the specification.
Some tests rely on a process to complete in a certain amount of time. If you're
running on a slowish computer, try setting ROAST_TIMING_SCALE to a larger
value that will be used as a multiplier for the time to wait. We don't wait for
too long a time by default so as to make the roast run faster. Defaults to