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README.rst

trash-cli - Command Line Interface to FreeDesktop.org Trash.

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简体中文

trash-cli trashes files recording the original path, deletion date, and permissions. It uses the same trashcan used by KDE, GNOME, and XFCE, but you can invoke it from the command line (and scripts).

It provides these commands:

trash-put           trash files and directories.
trash-empty         empty the trashcan(s).
trash-list          list trashed files.
trash-restore       restore a trashed file.
trash-rm            remove individual files from the trashcan.

Usage

Trash a file:

$ trash-put foo

List trashed files:

$ trash-list
2008-06-01 10:30:48 /home/andrea/bar
2008-06-02 21:50:41 /home/andrea/bar
2008-06-23 21:50:49 /home/andrea/foo

Search for a file in the trashcan:

$ trash-list | grep foo
2007-08-30 12:36:00 /home/andrea/foo
2007-08-30 12:39:41 /home/andrea/foo

Restore a trashed file:

$ trash-restore
0 2007-08-30 12:36:00 /home/andrea/foo
1 2007-08-30 12:39:41 /home/andrea/bar
2 2007-08-30 12:39:41 /home/andrea/bar2
3 2007-08-30 12:39:41 /home/andrea/foo2
4 2007-08-30 12:39:41 /home/andrea/foo
What file to restore [0..4]: 4
$ ls foo
foo

Restore multiple trashed files seperated by ',', also support range:

$ trash-restore
0 2007-08-30 12:36:00 /home/andrea/foo
1 2007-08-30 12:39:41 /home/andrea/bar
2 2007-08-30 12:39:41 /home/andrea/bar2
3 2007-08-30 12:39:41 /home/andrea/foo2
What file to restore [0..3]: 0-2, 3
$ ls foo bar bar2 foo2
foo bar bar2 foo2

Remove all files from the trashcan:

$ trash-empty

Remove only the files that have been deleted more than <days> ago:

$ trash-empty <days>

Example:

$ date
Tue Feb 19 20:26:52 CET 2008
$ trash-list
2008-02-19 20:11:34 /home/einar/today
2008-02-18 20:11:34 /home/einar/yesterday
2008-02-10 20:11:34 /home/einar/last_week
$ trash-empty 7
$ trash-list
2008-02-19 20:11:34 /home/einar/today
2008-02-18 20:11:34 /home/einar/yesterday
$ trash-empty 1
$ trash-list
2008-02-19 20:11:34 /home/einar/today

Remove only files matching a pattern:

$ trash-rm \*.o

Note: you need to use quotes in order to protect the pattern from shell expansion.

FAQ

How to create a top level .Trash dir?

Steps

sudo mkdir --parent /.Trash
sudo chmod a+rw /.Trash
sudo chmod +t /.Trash

Can I alias rm to trash-put?

You can but you shouldn't. In the early days I thought it was a good idea to do that but now I changed my mind.

Although the interface of trash-put seems to be compatible with rm, it has different semantics which will cause you problems. For example, while rm requires -R for deleting directories trash-put does not.

But sometimes I forget to use trash-put, really can't I?

You could alias rm to something that will remind you to not use it:

alias rm='echo "This is not the command you are looking for."; false'

Then, if you really want to use rm, simply prepend a slash to bypass the alias:

\rm file-without-hope

Note that Bash aliases are used only in interactive shells, so using this alias should not interfere with scripts that expect to use rm.

Where the trashed files go?

File trashed from the home partition will be moved here:

~/.local/share/Trash/

Installation

The easy way

Requirements:

  • Python 3 (Python 2.7 may work)
  • pip (use apt-get install python-pip on Debian)

Installation command:

pip install trash-cli

From sources

System-wide installation:

git clone https://github.com/andreafrancia/trash-cli.git
cd trash-cli
sudo pip install .

User-only installation:

git clone https://github.com/andreafrancia/trash-cli.git
cd trash-cli
pip install .

After the user installation you may want add this line to your .bashrc:

export PATH=~/.local/bin:"$PATH"

For uninstalling use:

pip uninstall trash-cli

From package manager

Debian/Ubuntu (apt):

sudo apt install trash-cli

Bugs and feedback

If you discover a bug please report it here:

https://github.com/andreafrancia/trash-cli/issues

You can also email me to andrea@andreafrancia.it. On Twitter I'm @andreafrancia.

Development

Environment setup:

virtualenv env --no-site-packages
source env/bin/activate
pip install -r requirements-dev.txt -r requirements.txt

Running tests:

pytest unit_tests           # run only unit tests
pytest integration_tests    # run all integration tests
pytest                      # run all tests

Check the installation process before release:

python check_release_installation.py